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Gods and Goddesses

M. L. West

in Indo-European Poetry and Myth

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199280759
eISBN:
9780191712913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280759.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter discusses gods and goddesses in Indo-European poetry. The Indo-Europeans spoke both about ‘the gods’ collectively and about gods as individuals. They perhaps had their different words ... More


A Moment’s Ornament: The Poetics of Nympholepsy in Ancient Greece

Corinne Ondine Pache

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195339369
eISBN:
9780199867134
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339369.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Ancient Religions

From Hesiod’s first-person account of his encounters with the Muses on Mount Helicon to Theocritus’s nymphs, love between goddesses and mortal men provides the ancient Greeks with a way of ... More


Nympholeptic Goddesses at the End of the Theogony

Corinne Ondine Pache

in A Moment’s Ornament: The Poetics of Nympholepsy in Ancient Greece

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195339369
eISBN:
9780199867134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339369.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Ancient Religions

Chapter 1 takes as its starting point the end of the Theogony, a conclusion that has been troubling to both ancient and modern scholars. At line 963, the poet invokes the Muses and sings about one ... More


Transforming Artemis: From the Goddess of the Outdoors to City Goddess

Jan N. Bremmer and Andrew Erskine

in The Gods of Ancient Greece: Identities and Transformations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748637980
eISBN:
9780748670758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637980.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter analyses the representation of the goddess Artemis in Archaic (Homer, Hesiod), Classical (tragedy) and Hellenistic literature, tracing and explaining the changes in the depiction of the ... More


Pilgrims and Ethnographers: In Search of the Syrian Goddess

J. L. Lightfoot

in Pilgrimage in Graeco-Roman and Early Christian Antiquity: Seeing the Gods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199237913
eISBN:
9780191716713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237913.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter presents a close analysis of one of the most complete accounts of a pilgrimage in an ancient source: Lucian's account (‘On the Syrian Goddess’) of extensive pilgrimage from areas in the ... More


Eleusinian Festivals

Robert Parker

in Polytheism and Society at Athens

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199216116
eISBN:
9780191705847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216116.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

The Mysteries were, and are, the most famous festival in ancient Greece. Huge throngs usually went from Athens to Eleusis for the Mysteries, raising the iakchos (mystic chant) cry on the way. ... More


The Athenian Polis as Administrator of Sacred Realty

Papazarkadas Nikolaos

in Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694006
eISBN:
9780191732003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694006.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, Ancient Religions

This is the largest and arguably central chapter of the book, in which the author investigates real property administered by the polis of Athens, i.e., by the central government. He offers an ... More


The Unity of the Divine

Daniel S. Richter

in Cosmopolis: Imagining Community in Late Classical Athens and the Early Roman Empire

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199772681
eISBN:
9780199895083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772681.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

As a system, polytheism can integrate outsiders into its pantheon when necessary. However, the “logic” of polytheism excludes the possibility of the existence of another pantheon; by virtue of its ... More


Fortuna: Deity and Concept in Archaic and Republican Italy

Daniele Miano

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198786566
eISBN:
9780191828843
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786566.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE, Ancient Religions

This book focuses on the Latin goddess Fortuna, one of the better known deities in ancient Italy. The earliest forms of her worship can be traced back to archaic Latium, and she was still a widely ... More


Romulus and Remus at Chios Revisited: A Re-examination of SEG XXX 1073

Irene Salvo

in Epigraphical Approaches to the Post-classical Polis: Fourth Century BC to Second Century AD

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652143
eISBN:
9780191745935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652143.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE, Archaeology: Classical

An honorary decree from Chios, dated after Apamea (189/8 bce), offers interesting evidence for the interaction between Rome and the Greek East at the beginning of the second century bce. This chapter ... More


A Feminist Boomerang: The Great Goddess of Greek Prehistory†

Lauren E. Talalay

in Sex and Difference in Ancient Greece and Rome

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748613199
eISBN:
9780748651016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613199.003.0017
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Although women's roles in prehistory have been the subject of debate for well over a century, interest in gender ideology has emerged in the archaeological literature only within the last decade. ... More


The feminine and the sacred

Pierre Brulé and Antonia Nevill

in Women of Ancient Greece

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748616435
eISBN:
9780748651023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748616435.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

In the distribution of genders (and sexes) among the Greek immortals, the feminine position is by no means subordinate. Goddesses such as Demeter, Athena and Hera are not concerned with ... More


Happily Ever After? The Odyssey

Ruby Blondell

in Helen of Troy: Beauty, Myth, Devastation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199731602
eISBN:
9780199344956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731602.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines Helen of Troy in Homer’s Odyssey. Despite her redomestication after the Trojan War, the Odyssey’s Spartan scenes are replete with hints of the threat that Helen continues to ... More


The Newest Sappho (2016) and Ovid’s Heroides 15

Thea S. Thorsen

in Roman Receptions of Sappho

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198829430
eISBN:
9780191867958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829430.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter argues that Ovid’s Heroides 15, also known as Epistula Sapphus, appears singularly receptive to the sequence of poems that have recently been recovered in the newest Sappho papyrus, ... More


Scholarly Mythopoesis: Robert Graves’s The Greek Myths

Vanda Zajko

in Robert Graves and the Classical Tradition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198738053
eISBN:
9780191801594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738053.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter presents a fresh perspective on Graves’s The Greek Myths, which in its presentation of Greek myth aims to serve as both a work of reference and literature. This ambiguity, coupled with ... More


Conclusions: Fragmentation and Unity

Daniele Miano

in Fortuna: Deity and Concept in Archaic and Republican Italy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198786566
eISBN:
9780191828843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786566.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE, Ancient Religions

The conclusions further develop the arguments made in the specific chapters of this book, and make an evaluation of the methodology followed throughout the monograph. It is argued that a conceptual ... More


Robert Graves’s The Greek Myths and Matriarchy

Sibylle Ihm

in Robert Graves and the Classical Tradition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198738053
eISBN:
9780191801594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738053.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The chapter discusses Robert Graves’s book The Greek Myths and his approach to Greek religion. In Graves’s opinion, all Greek myth deals with a universal female figure. She is seen as the goddess of ... More


Stammesgötter and Universal Gods: The Historical-Critical Approach

Michael D. Konaris

in The Greek Gods in Modern Scholarship: Interpretation and Belief in Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century Germany and Britain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198737896
eISBN:
9780191801426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737896.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

The second chapter examines the theory that rather than being associated with specific elements of the natural world, the major Greek gods had originally been conceived as having universal powers and ... More


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