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Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts

Tracy Isaacs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782963
eISBN:
9780199897117
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782963.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Genocide, global warming, organizational negligence, and oppressive social practices are four examples of moral contexts in which the interplay between individuals and collectives complicate how we ... More


Understanding Evil: Lessons from Bosnia

Keith Doubt

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823227006
eISBN:
9780823235872
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823227006.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book seeks to articulate the evil that happened in Bosnia within the context of war crimes and crimes against humanity. Its analysis centers on the question of whether it is ... More


Bystanders to Poverty

Peter Singer

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

In Causing Death and Saving Lives, Jonathan Glover denies the importance of the moral distinction between acts and omissions. Yet in Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century, he overlooks ... More


Humanitarian Intervention, Consent, and Proportionality

Jeff McMahan

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

One of the central issues raised by Jonathan Glover's study of atrocities in the twentieth century is when it can be permissible, or indeed obligatory, to use military force to stop or to prevent ... More


Introduction

Tracy Isaacs

in Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782963
eISBN:
9780199897117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782963.003.0000
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The Introduction sketches four cases: genocide in Rwanda, the Canadian Red Cross’s mishandling of Canada’s blood supply in the 1970s and 1980s in the “tainted blood scandal,” global warming, and ... More


War Crimes: Causes, Excuses, and Blame

Matthew Talbert and Jessica Wolfendale

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190675875
eISBN:
9780190675905
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190675875.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In 2005, US Marines killed 24 unarmed Iraqi civilians in the town of Haditha. How should we assess the perpetrators of this and other war crimes? Is it unfair to blame the Marines because they were ... More


Just War Theory

John W. Lango

in The Ethics of Armed Conflict: A Cosmopolitan Just War Theory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780748645756
eISBN:
9780748697182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645756.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter scrutinises just war theory generally, and later chapters concentrate specifically on the core just war principles of just cause, last resort, proportionality, and noncombatant immunity. ... More


Robot Guardians: Teleoperated Combat Vehicles in Humanitarian Military Intervention

Zack Beauchamp and Julian Savulescu

in Killing by Remote Control: The Ethics of an Unmanned Military

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199926121
eISBN:
9780199345656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926121.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Perhaps the most common criticism of teleoperated combat vehicles is that they make war more likely by reducing the associated costs. However, it is not as obvious as is usually presumed that this ... More


The Myth of National Self-Defence

David Rodin

in The Morality of Defensive War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199682836
eISBN:
9780191763014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682836.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The right of national self-defence—though deeply entrenched and of long-standing—is a myth, unsupported by coherent moral reasoning. Were states to possess the extraordinary defensive rights ... More


Blaming Perpetrators

Matthew Talbert and Jessica Wolfendale

in War Crimes: Causes, Excuses, and Blame

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190675875
eISBN:
9780190675905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190675875.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 5 explains why the arguments in the preceding chapter fail. On our view, an agent is blameworthy if her behavior manifests an inappropriate degree of moral regard for others. Typically, this ... More


Narrative Structures, Narratives of Abuse, and Human Rights

Diana Tietjens Meyers

in Victims' Stories and the Advancement of Human Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199930388
eISBN:
9780190490102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199930388.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Several prominent accounts of narrative build normativity into narration. So it might seem obvious that there is a connection between victims’ stories and moral insight. However, existing ... More


Just Cause in Humanitarian Intervention

Fernando R. Tesón

in Debating Humanitarian Intervention: Should We Try to Save Strangers?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190202903
eISBN:
9780190202934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190202903.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The chapter defines just cause as saving persons from rights violations by their rulers or other groups in their territory. It examines the requirement that only genocide or similar massacres justify ... More


Humanitarian Armed Intervention

Seumas Miller

in Shooting to Kill: The Ethics of Police and Military Use of Lethal Force

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190626136
eISBN:
9780190626174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190626136.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter it is argued that humanitarian armed intervention in relation to large-scale human rights violations is in some cases morally justified (e.g., the Rwanda genocide), and that ... More


Genetic Genocide

George J. Annas

in Worst Case Bioethics: Death, Disaster, and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195391732
eISBN:
9780190267650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195391732.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the perils of relying on worst-case scenarios in preparing for the future by focusing on the prospect of “genetic genocide.” Genetics is often viewed as a potential medical ... More


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