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Complementarity in the Rome Statute and National Criminal Jurisdictions

Jann K. Kleffner

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199238453
eISBN:
9780191716744
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238453.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The book examines the principle of complementarity in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court and the implications of that principle for the suppression of genocide, crimes against ... More


Defining a Crime Without a Name

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter details the rapid development of genocide from an academic concept to a substantive international crime. It provides a brief overview of the etymology of the term ‘genocide’ following ... More


The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Maurizio Ragazzi

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

In an obiter dictum in its 1970 judgment in the Barcelona Traction case, the International Court of Justice identified a category of international obligations called erga omnes, namely obligations ... More


Rwanda's Gacaca Courts: Between Retribution and Reparation

Paul Christoph Bornkamm

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694471
eISBN:
9780191738326
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694471.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Rwanda's Gacaca courts provide an innovative response to the genocide of 1994. Incorporating elements of both African dispute resolution and of Western-style criminal courts, Gacaca courts are in ... More


Genocide and Political Groups

David L. Nersessian

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This book provides an examination of the crime of genocide in connection with political groups. It offers an empirical study of the current status of political groups under customary international ... More


Political Genocide and Customary International Law

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter addresses the question of whether, as some suggest, political genocide is prohibited already by virtue of post-Convention developments in customary international law. It discusses the ... More


The Role of Other International Crimes

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter explores the relationship between genocide and other offences under international law, focusing on crimes against humanity (e.g., extermination, torture, and other forms of group ... More


The Way Forward: Rethinking the Crime of Crimes

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter proposes an optional protocol to the 1948 Genocide Convention paired and an amendment to the ICC Statute to address political genocide. It considers several potential objections to ... More


War Crimes and Genocide

Guénaél Mettraux

in International Crimes and the Ad Hoc Tribunals

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207541
eISBN:
9780191709203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207541.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Both genocide and war crimes are regarded as serious violations of international humanitarian law. Just as with genocide, war crimes may, in principle, be committed by and against civilians and ... More


General Remarks – The Creation and Jurisdiction of the ad hoc Tribunals

Guénaél Mettraux

in International Crimes and the Ad Hoc Tribunals

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207541
eISBN:
9780191709203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207541.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

On February 22, 1993, the United Nations (UN) Security Council set up an international criminal tribunal pursuant to Chapter VII of the UN Charter. This tribunal was given the authority to prosecute ... More


The Greatest Change in International Law

Theodor Meron

in The Making of International Criminal Justice: The View from the Bench: Selected Speeches

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608935
eISBN:
9780191729706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608935.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter argues that the greatest change in international law is the creation of a new universe of international criminal and hybrid tribunals and courts in various manifestations. The UN ad hoc ... More


Address at Memorial Cemetery at Potočari, Srebrenica

Theodor Meron

in The Making of International Criminal Justice: The View from the Bench: Selected Speeches

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608935
eISBN:
9780191729706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608935.003.0028
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter presents Theodor Meron's speech at Potočari Memorial Cemetery. He shares his special wish to visit the cemetery because he had the privilege of sitting as the Presiding Judge in the ... More


Fault Elements

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter addresses the personal fault elements comprising the mens rea of genocide. It discusses the crime's unique specific intent requirements and analyses the discriminatory targeting of ... More


Human Groups and Genocide

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter analyses whether political groups merit equal treatment to the four groups enumerated in the Genocide Convention. It first discusses what human ‘groups’ really are and the inherent ... More


The Case for a Crime of Political Genocide

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter discusses why political genocide should be proscribed as a separate international crime. It evaluates political genocide in light of the underlying theoretical justifications for ... More


Conduct Elements

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter focuses upon the actus reus of genocide, outlining both the conduct elements of the offence and the complexities of identifying the contours of protected groups. It first discusses the ... More


Universal Human Rights Conventions Explicitly Requiring Prosecution

Anja Seibert-Fohr

in Prosecuting Serious Human Rights Violations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199569328
eISBN:
9780191721502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569328.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter looks at those universal human rights conventions explicitly requiring prosecution for specific human rights violations, such as genocide, torture, slavery, traffic in persons, ... More


The Examples of Obligations Erga Omnes Given by the International Court in its Dictum: (b) The Outlawing of Genocide

MAURIZIO RAGAZZI

in The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

The origins of the prohibition of genocide under international law date back to the end of World War II and the Nuremberg trial. The idea of the universal opposability of the prohibition of genocide ... More


Protecting Civilians: The Obligations of Peacekeepers

Siobhán Wills

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199533879
eISBN:
9780191714801
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533879.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This book examines the obligations of peacekeepers and other multi-national forces to prevent serious abuses of human rights towards civilians under international humanitarian law and international ... More


Judicial Activism and the Crime of Genocide

William A Schabas

in Judicial Creativity at the International Criminal Tribunals

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591466
eISBN:
9780191595585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591466.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on the influence of ‘judicial activism’ on the evolution of the crime of genocide. In stark contrast to the development of the definitional boundaries of crimes against humanity, ... More


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