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The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Taner Akçam

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Introducing new evidence from more than 600 secret Ottoman documents, this book demonstrates in detail that the Armenian Genocide and the expulsion of Greeks from the late Ottoman Empire resulted ... More


Assimilation: The Conversion and Forced Marriage of Christian Children

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter contends that there are two reasons why the concept of assimilation was detached from the study of genocide. First, Armenian Genocide studies have suffered from the general weaknesses of ... More


Toward a Conclusion

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0012
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter argues that the Armenian Genocide—the first large scale mass murder of the twentieth century—must be placed in a new context and understood within that context: the commencement of the ... More


The Initial Phase of Anti-Armenian Policy

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter looks at how extant Ottoman documents reveal that the Unionist government made clear distinctions in its wartime policies between the Armenians and the empire's other Christian ... More


Some Official Denialist Arguments of the Turkish State and Documents from the Ottoman Interior Ministry

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0011
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter explains that there are certain theses in the discussions about the Armenian Genocide which linger in the people's memory. These include the now-classic arguments that Armenian Catholics ... More


Bread from Stones: The Middle East and the Making of Modern Humanitarianism

Keith David Watenpaugh

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520279308
eISBN:
9780520960800
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520279308.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Bread from Stones explores how modern humanitarianism evolved in the face of the historical experience of mass violence, starvation, human trafficking, and the displacement of millions in the early ... More


The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians

Donald Bloxham

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199273560
eISBN:
9780191699689
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273560.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This book addresses the origins, development, and aftermath of the Armenian genocide in a reappraisal based on primary and secondary sources from all the major parties involved. Rejecting the ... More


“We Live with Hope”: Reflections on Conditions in Armenia

Donald E. Miller and Lorna Touryan Miller

in Armenia: Portraits of Survival and Hope

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234925
eISBN:
9780520929142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234925.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter discusses reflections of Armenians on their independence and other conditions Armenia was facing, such as lack of electricity resulting in unemployment; most businesses and factories ... More


Introduction: Genocide and the Armenian Case

Donald Bloxham

in The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199273560
eISBN:
9780191699689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273560.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The central historical event of this book is the destruction of some one million Armenian Christians under the auspices of the Ottoman empire in 1915–1916. The accompanying analysis seeks to cast new ... More


Ethnic ‘Reprisal’ and Ethnic Cleansing

Donald Bloxham

in The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199273560
eISBN:
9780191699689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273560.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Historians of 1914–1916 have sought to address the question of when it was decided to do away with the Armenians. Yet given the history of demographic engineering in the Ottoman empire, a full ... More


Interlude: The Genocide in Context

Donald Bloxham

in The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199273560
eISBN:
9780191699689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273560.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Having removed most of the Armenians, and accepted the probable loss of the Arab provinces, it would be left to the Committee of Union and Progress's (CUP) successor regime to continue the ... More


Imperial Germany:A Case of Mistaken Identity

Donald Bloxham

in The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199273560
eISBN:
9780191699689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273560.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Of the warring European powers, Germany has come in for the harshest criticism concerning its relationship to the genocide. Contrary to traditional diplomatic studies of the Ottoman-German alliance, ... More


Ethnic Violence and the Entente, 1915–1923

Donald Bloxham

in The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199273560
eISBN:
9780191699689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273560.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the way that the Entente powers related to the Armenian question in the key period from the beginning of the genocide through to the conclusion of the Lausanne peace conference. ... More


The USA: From Non-intervention to Non-recognition

Donald Bloxham

in The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199273560
eISBN:
9780191699689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273560.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The U.S. Congress refused to pass resolutions identifying as genocide the destruction of the Armenians. If the Europeans could discard the Armenians as easily as they had picked them up, American ... More


Epilogue: The Geopolitics of Memory

Donald Bloxham

in The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199273560
eISBN:
9780191699689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273560.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The end of the Second World War brought changes from 1945 onwards in the international system. With the introduction of the concept of genocide in international law, growing awareness of genocide as ... More


Reforging a Forgotten History: Iraq and the Assyrians in the 20th Century

Sargon Donabed

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780748686025
eISBN:
9781474408646
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748686025.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Who are the Assyrians and what role did they play in shaping modern Iraq? Were they simply bystanders, victims of collateral damage who played a passive role in the history of the country? How have ... More


The Form and Content of Suffering: Humanitarian Knowledge, Mass Publics, and the Report, 1885–1927

Keith David Watenpaugh

in Bread from Stones: The Middle East and the Making of Modern Humanitarianism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520279308
eISBN:
9780520960800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520279308.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter discusses the elaboration of a new genre of knowledge production, the humanitarian report, as this genre developed in the eastern Mediterranean, and it links the form and content of the ... More


Iraq: Building a ‘Nation’-State

Sargon George Donabed

in Reforging a Forgotten History: Iraq and the Assyrians in the 20th Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780748686025
eISBN:
9781474408646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748686025.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Chapter 3 addresses in detail the Simele massacres by weaving together three distinct stories of the events: British, Iraqi and Assyrian. Thus it is built on British archival material from 1933; ... More


State Formation, State-building and Contentious Pluralism

Sargon George Donabed

in Reforging a Forgotten History: Iraq and the Assyrians in the 20th Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780748686025
eISBN:
9781474408646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748686025.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The findings of the chapters are readdressed and analysed in their larger contexts in Chapter 7. This chapter also discusses the recognition of the Assyrian experience and the precedence it sets ... More


The Beginnings of the Humanitarian Era in the Eastern Mediterranean

Keith David Watenpaugh

in Bread from Stones: The Middle East and the Making of Modern Humanitarianism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520279308
eISBN:
9780520960800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520279308.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter provides a broad overview of the text, outlines the main arguments and defines terms and ideas used throughout the book, including the concept of the objects and subjects of ... More


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