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Gender and the Genocidal Economy

Elisa von Joeden-Forgey

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

We are used to thinking about the economics of genocide in material dimensions. This chapter introduces the concept of an invisible, metaphysical “genocidal economy” and argues that it is a core ... More


Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Charles H. Anderton and Jurgen Brauer (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Genocide has received extensive scholarly, policy, and practitioner attention. Missing is the contribution of economists to understand and prevent such atrocities. This book—the first of its ... More


“A Crime Without a Name”: Defining Genocide and Mass Atrocity

James E. Waller

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter reviews the historical development of the word “genocide,” both through the story of Raphael Lemkin as well as the drafting history of the UN Genocide Convention. Central to this is an ... More


Development and the Risk of Mass Atrocities: An Assessment of the Empirical Literature

Anke Hoeffler

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter surveys large-n studies on the correlates of mass atrocities with an emphasis on economic explanations. Since the overwhelming majority of mass atrocities (genocides, politicides, and ... More


Who Stays and Who Leaves During Mass Atrocities?

Ana María Ibáñez and Andrés Moya

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The chapter reviews the literature on large-scale violence and population displacement with three specific objectives in mind. First, it discusses how strategies adopted by armed actors and victims ... More


Media Persuasion, Ethnic Hatred, and Mass Violence: A Brief Overview of Recent Research Advances

Maria Petrova and David Yanagizawa-Drott

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The study of modern-day mass killing is arguably incomplete without an account of whether and how mass persuasion plays a role. This chapter outlines the fundamental empirical challenges when ... More


“For Being Aboriginal”: Economic Perspectives on Pre-Holocaust Genocides

Jurgen Brauer, Raul Caruso, Charles H. Anderton, and Jurgen Brauer

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

We present two schemata with which to parse cases of genocide for economic content. The first enumerates several ways in which economic aspects affect and are affected by genocides, and it roams ... More


The Economics of Genocide in Rwanda

Willa Friedman

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

In this chapter, I address a few of the main debates about the causes and consequences of the genocide in Rwanda. Four hypotheses regarding causes—Rwanda as modern-day Malthusian crisis, poverty and ... More


Peace and the Killing: Compatible Logics in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Zoë Marriage

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The trade of mineral resources contributed to the mechanisms of mass atrocities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo during the war that started in 1998. The peace agreed to in 2002 reversed the ... More


Economic Foundations of Religious Killings and Genocide with Special Reference to Pakistan, 1978–2012

Partha Gangopadhyay

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0022
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Modern societies are melting pots of religious, cultural, and ethnic diversity. They can explode into collective violence and sometimes escalate into mass killings and genocides. The potential for ... More


Economic Risk Factors and Predictive Modeling of Genocides and Other Mass Atrocities

Charles R. Butcher and Benjamin E. Goldsmith

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0024
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

In this chapter we assess the current utility and future promise of a number of economic variables for predicting genocides and other mass atrocities. We begin with a discussion of the differences ... More


Business in Genocide: Understanding and Avoiding Complicity

Nora M. Stel and Wim Naudé

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0025
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

In this chapter we focus on corporate complicity in genocide, providing a critical analysis of the involvement of commercial organizations in genocide based on case study illustrations and a ... More


Valuing Lives You Might Save: Understanding Psychic Numbing in the Face of Genocide

Paul Slovic, Daniel Västfjäll, Robin Gregory, and Kimberly G. Olson

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0026
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Why do governments fail to intervene to prevent genocide and other mass atrocities? We examine this question with reference to prospect theory, one of the foundations of behavioral economics. When ... More


Genocides and Other Mass Atrocities: A Law and Economics Approach

Jurgen Brauer, Charles H. Anderton, and David Schap

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0027
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The chapter reviews examples of legal instruments and institutions related to atrocity crimes such as genocide. It then discusses the efficiency, or lack thereof, of domestic and international law, ... More


On the Economics of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Prevention

Charles H. Anderton and Jurgen Brauer

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter introduces the edited book, Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Prevention, by highlighting key theoretical, empirical, case study, and policy perspectives on ... More


Datasets and Trends of Genocides, Mass Killings, and Other Civilian Atrocities

Charles H. Anderton, Charles H. Anderton, Jurgen Brauer, Charles H. Anderton, and Jurgen Brauer

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter surveys fifteen large-sample datasets on genocides, mass killings, and lower-level intentional violence against civilians spanning the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Data trends ... More


The Demography of Genocide

Tadeusz Kugler

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The demographic foundation of nations is remarkably resilient to losses with the causes of that resiliency not uniform cross-nationally. Countries in the early stages of development have very high ... More


The Macroeconomic Toll of Genocide and the Sources of Economic Development

Dimitrios Soudis, Robert Inklaar, and Robbert Maseland

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Genocides have received much less attention than other types of conflict. They are generally treated as separate events in the literature or even as mere consequences of civil wars. Yet, there is ... More


Genocide and Mass Killing Risk and Prevention: Perspectives from Constrained Optimization Models

Charles H. Anderton and Jurgen Brauer

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

We apply constrained optimization models to the study of a regime’s decision to initiate genocide or mass killing (GMK) and to “optimal” techniques of mass atrocity (e.g., direct killing, ... More


Incentives and Constraints for Mass Killings: A Game-Theoretic Approach

Joan Esteban, Massimo Morelli, and Dominic Rohner

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter provides a rationalization of large-scale atrocities consistent with the main characteristics of the history of the last fifty years. Mass killings or genocides are planned; they are ... More


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