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Confronting Humanity at its Worst: Social Psychological Perspectives on Genocide

Leonard S. Newman (ed.)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190685942
eISBN:
9780190086060
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685942.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Confronting Humanity at Its Worst: Social Psychological Perspectives on Genocide reviews research and scholarship by social psychologists that has the potential to deepen our understanding of ... More


Sharing the Burden: The Armenian Question, Humanitarian Intervention, and Anglo-American Visions of Global Order

Charlie Laderman

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190618605
eISBN:
9780190618636
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190618605.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, World Modern History

The destruction of the Armenian community in the Ottoman Empire was an unprecedented tragedy. Theodore Roosevelt was adamant that it was the “greatest crime” of the First World War. The mass killing ... More


The Aftermath of Genocide: Divergent Social Psychological Processes Among Victim and Perpetrator Groups

Johanna Ray Vollhardt and Michelle Sinayobye Twali

in Confronting Humanity at its Worst: Social Psychological Perspectives on Genocide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190685942
eISBN:
9780190086060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685942.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews research on how historical genocide continues to affect victim and perpetrator groups’ beliefs, emotions, and intergroup attitudes in the present. The authors organize their ... More


Rwanda Since 1994: Stories of Change

Hannah Grayson and Nicki Hitchcott (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781786941992
eISBN:
9781789623611
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781786941992.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Over the past 25 years, Rwanda has undergone remarkable shifts and transitions: culturally, economically, and educationally the country has gone from strength to strength. While much scholarship has ... More


A Criminology of War?

Ross McGarry and Sandra Walklate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781529202595
eISBN:
9781529202649
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529202595.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

With the academic study of ‘war’ gaining renewed popularity within criminology in recent years, this book illustrates the long-standing engagement with this social phenomenon within the discipline. ... More


Genocide and the Male Warrior Psychology

Adam Tratner and Melissa McDonald

in Confronting Humanity at its Worst: Social Psychological Perspectives on Genocide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190685942
eISBN:
9780190086060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685942.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Is the capacity for genocide “hard-wired” into the evolved psychology of our species? Using perspectives from evolutionary psychology, this chapter discusses and provides evidence for the evolved ... More


Fallen Patriots

Ryan Gingeras

in Eternal Dawn: Turkey in the Age of Atatürk

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198791218
eISBN:
9780191833670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791218.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

No appreciation for the early history of the Turkish Republic can begin without a proper understanding of the origins, desires, and tribulations of the Young Turks. Their era by no means constituted ... More


The ‘Forgotten Criminology of Genocide’?

Ross McGarry and Sandra Walklate

in A Criminology of War?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781529202595
eISBN:
9781529202649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529202595.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

In chapter four, The “forgotten criminology of genocide”, some of the historical influences within criminology established in chapter two are revisited to highlight the connections the discipline has ... More


The Preacher King: Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Word that Moved America, revised edition

Richard Lischer

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190065119
eISBN:
9780190065157
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190065119.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This book investigates Martin Luther King, Jr.’s religious development from a precocious “preacher’s kid” in segregated Atlanta to the most influential American preacher and orator of the twentieth ... More


Understanding and Counteracting Genocide Denial

Rezarta Bilali, Yeshim Iqbal, and Samuel Freel

in Confronting Humanity at its Worst: Social Psychological Perspectives on Genocide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190685942
eISBN:
9780190086060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685942.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Denial of genocide and other forms of mass violence is the most common response to confrontation with in-group atrocities. Denial is detrimental to peace, reconciliation, and justice. In this chapter ... More


Why Do People Become Perpetrators of Genocide?: The Dangers of Explanation

Ying Tang and Leonard S. Newman

in Confronting Humanity at its Worst: Social Psychological Perspectives on Genocide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190685942
eISBN:
9780190086060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685942.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Explanations of the behavior of genocide perpetrators—and evildoers in general—are not always well received. Social scientists condemn evil, but they also seek to understand and explain it. However, ... More


Obedient Authoritarians or Lay Darwinists?: Ideological Motivations of Genocide

Michał Bilewicz

in Confronting Humanity at its Worst: Social Psychological Perspectives on Genocide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190685942
eISBN:
9780190086060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685942.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the role of ideology in genocides, beyond the traditional conservatism–liberalism distinction. This chapter analyzes ideological views in greater detail by reviewing ... More


How Envy Can Incite Anti-Semitism and Genocide

Richard H. Smith and Charles E. Hoogland

in Confronting Humanity at its Worst: Social Psychological Perspectives on Genocide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190685942
eISBN:
9780190086060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685942.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the role of envy in anti-Semitism and genocide. After making the case for why Jews might be envied in the first place, it suggests reasons why envy, together with other factors, ... More


Emotional Sources of Intergroup Atrocities

Michael J. A. Wohl, Nassim Tabri, and Eran Halperin

in Confronting Humanity at its Worst: Social Psychological Perspectives on Genocide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190685942
eISBN:
9780190086060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685942.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, the authors put forth the proposition that group-based emotions reside at the core of extreme intergroup violence. That is, genocide is not cold; it is cruelly heartfelt. Perpetrator ... More


The Many Roles of Dehumanization in Genocide

Nick Haslam

in Confronting Humanity at its Worst: Social Psychological Perspectives on Genocide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190685942
eISBN:
9780190086060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685942.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In genocide studies, dehumanization is commonly understood as a preparatory step on the path to mass killing. On this understanding, the perpetrator’s propaganda explicitly likens victims to animals, ... More


Moral Courage and Moral DisregardDifferent Sides of the Same Coin?

Allison B. Mueller and Linda J. Skitka

in Confronting Humanity at its Worst: Social Psychological Perspectives on Genocide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190685942
eISBN:
9780190086060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685942.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The goal of this chapter is to describe how the same act can be perceived as morally courageous, on the one hand, and as evil, on the other. The authors contend that both moral courage and moral ... More


Understanding Intergroup Violence and Its Aftermath From Perpetrator and Victim Perspectives

Mengyao Li and Bernhard Leidner

in Confronting Humanity at its Worst: Social Psychological Perspectives on Genocide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190685942
eISBN:
9780190086060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685942.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews and integrates the psychological literature on how members of perpetrator and victim groups perceive, evaluate, and respond differently to large-scale intergroup violence, as ... More


Engaged Followership and Engaged Fellowship: Toward a Unified Analysis of Harm-Doing and Helping

Stephen D. Reicher and S. Alexander Haslam

in Confronting Humanity at its Worst: Social Psychological Perspectives on Genocide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190685942
eISBN:
9780190086060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685942.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter the authors argue that the human capacity for harming or else helping others flows from the same basic psychological group processes. They start by reanalyzing Milgram’s classic ... More


In What Way Is Evil “Banal”?: Hanna Arendt’s (Interactionist) Thesis

Leonard S. Newman

in Confronting Humanity at its Worst: Social Psychological Perspectives on Genocide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190685942
eISBN:
9780190086060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685942.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Hanna Arendt’s discussion of the “banality of evil” in Eichmann in Jerusalem and its application to understanding the behavior of the perpetrators of genocide have been widely misunderstood. ... More


Self-Elimination

Joyce Dalsheim

in Israel Has a Jewish Problem: Self-Determination as Self-Elimination

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190680251
eISBN:
9780190068943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190680251.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religion and Society

Hannah Arendt wrote that “emancipation” of the European Jews should have been their admission into humanity as Jews. But attempts at assimilation actually made their future more precarious. They ... More


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