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Introduction: Plan of the volume

SWINBURNE RICHARD

in Free Will and Modern Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The theme of this volume is the extent to which humans have a free choice of which actions to perform, and what kind of free choice would make them morally responsible for their actions. This ... More


Free Will and Modern Science

Richard Swinburne (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Do humans have a free choice of which actions to perform? Three recent developments of modern science can help us to answer this question. First, new investigative tools have enabled us to study the ... More


Free Choice

Richard McCarty

in Kant's Theory of Action

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567720
eISBN:
9780191721465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567720.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

The assumption that actions are explained by motive forces implies the doctrine of psychological determinism; and many doubt that Kant accepted that doctrine. This chapter argues that he did, and ... More


The Explanatory Power of Theism: General Considerations

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271672
eISBN:
9780191709357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271672.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Evidence e renders a hypothesis h more probable in so far as both the prior probability of h is high and so is its explanatory power (that is it predictive power which is the probability of the ... More


The Argument from Providence

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271672
eISBN:
9780191709357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271672.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

It is good that there should be a world in which agents have the opportunity to choose freely to benefit or harm each other, especially in respect of their power, knowledge, and character. It is good ... More


The Genealogy of Disjunction

R. E. Jennings

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195075243
eISBN:
9780199852970
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075243.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book presents a study of the English word or, and the logical operators variously proposed to present its meaning. Although there are indisputably disjunctive uses of or in English, it is a ... More


Human Rights Relating to Reproductive and Sexual Health

Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, and Mahmoud F. Fathalla

in Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241323
eISBN:
9780191696909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241323.003.0027
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter identifies rights that could be applied to advance reproductive and sexual health. The human rights are clustered under the following interests in reproductive and sexual health, which ... More


Logic and Punctuation

R. E. Jennings

in The Genealogy of Disjunction

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195075243
eISBN:
9780199852970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075243.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter describes logic and the significance of punctuation to ‘or’ in a sentence. Axioms are primitive theorems. This is what is meant by ‘logic’, and in particular, a propositional logic is ... More


Beyond Libet: Long-Term Prediction of Free Choices from Neuroimaging Signals

John-Dylan Haynes

in Decomposing the Will

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199746996
eISBN:
9780199332502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746996.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

There has been a long debate on the existence of brain signals that precede the outcome of decisions even before subjects believe to be consciously making up their mind. The framework of multivariate ... More


The Cost of Freedom

Laura W. Ekstrom

in Free Will and Theism: Connections, Contingencies, and Concerns

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198743958
eISBN:
9780191803956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743958.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

On one prominent line of theistic thought, God created beings who have the power of free choice and God was not wrong in doing so since, although created beings’ misuse of that power brings into the ... More


A World without Moral Responsibility

Bruce N. Waller

in Against Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016599
eISBN:
9780262298940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016599.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter concentrates on the fear of the unknown as the main deterrent to contemplating the abolition of moral responsibility. For a very long time, man has been invariably attached to the system ... More


Introduction to Provisional Theory

Elisabeth Ellis

in Provisional Politics: Kantian Arguments in Policy Context

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300125221
eISBN:
9780300152050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300125221.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces the concept of provisional theory and how it is able to provide an avenue for us to speak of ourselves accurately across multiple dimensions: as members of groups, as ... More


Evil Everywhere: The Ordinariness of Kantian Radical Evil*

Robert B. Louden

in Kant’s Human Being: Essays on His Theory of Human Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199768714
eISBN:
9780190267599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199768714.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter provides a defense of the Kantian conception of “radical evil” by offering four counterarguments to common criticisms of Kant’s discourse. The gist of these is that evil—particularly ... More


Bioethics in the United States: Contested Terrain for Competing Visions of American Liberalism

Bruce Jennings and Jonathan D. Moreno

in Bioethics Around the Globe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195386097
eISBN:
9780190267476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195386097.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers bioethics in the United States as a political terrain for competing visions of American liberalism. In accordance with the U.S. belief in moral progress, a key social function ... More


Logical Complexity

Bernhard Nickel

in Between Logic and the World: An Integrated Theory of Generics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199640003
eISBN:
9780191822049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640003.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter and chapter 6 exploit the distinction between genericity and generics drawn initially in chapter 2. Some generics give us very direct evidence about the nature of genericity, others ... More


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