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Introduction

S. RAVI RAJAN

in Modernizing Nature: Forestry and Imperial Eco-Development 1800-1950

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199277964
eISBN:
9780191707827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277964.003.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

The emphasis in this study is forestry in the British Empire. This choice stems from the fact that British colonial forestry was arguably one of the most extensive imperial frameworks of scientific ... More


The Empire of Nature

S. RAVI RAJAN

in Modernizing Nature: Forestry and Imperial Eco-Development 1800-1950

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199277964
eISBN:
9780191707827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277964.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter describes the growth of the idea of forest conservancy in the British Empire throughout the 19th century. It begins by examining the period 1800-60, when colonial scientists in India, ... More


The Empire Strikes Back

S. RAVI RAJAN

in Modernizing Nature: Forestry and Imperial Eco-Development 1800-1950

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199277964
eISBN:
9780191707827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277964.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines the origins of the Empire Forestry Conferences, and in particular the role of the imperial forestry community and its allies in the United Kingdom in bringing the conferences ... More


The Imperial Environmentalist

S. RAVI RAJAN

in Modernizing Nature: Forestry and Imperial Eco-Development 1800-1950

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199277964
eISBN:
9780191707827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277964.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter explores the forest management agendas and environmentalist ideologies of colonial forestry as expressed at the Empire Forestry Conferences during the first half of the 20th century. In ... More


Modernizing Nature: Forestry and Imperial Eco-Development 1800-1950

S. Ravi Rajan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199277964
eISBN:
9780191707827
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277964.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

This book contributes to the debate regarding the origins, institutionalization, and politics of the sciences and systems of knowledge underlying colonial frameworks of environmental management. It ... More


The Contested Legacy

S. RAVI RAJAN

in Modernizing Nature: Forestry and Imperial Eco-Development 1800-1950

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199277964
eISBN:
9780191707827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277964.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter summarizes the key findings of the entire study and explores some of its wider implications concerning the contested legacy of colonial eco-development. It argues that forestry as a ... More


Forests and Ecological History of Assam, 1826–2000

Arupjyoti Saikia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198069539
eISBN:
9780199081240
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069539.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

Deforestation has become synonymous with the Assam forests. Assam forests, illustrated as magnificent and grandiose in the pre-colonial period, were subjected to transformations under the colonial ... More


/ LANDSCAPE: The Evolution of CCC Conservation

Neil M. Maher

in Nature's New Deal: The Civilian Conservation Corps and the Roots of the American Enviromental Movement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306019
eISBN:
9780199867820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306019.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter Two analyzes CCC conservation projects on a national scale, and links the landscape changes caused by such work to both a broadening of conservationist concerns and to Franklin Roosevelt's ... More


Regional Forest: Institutions and Organizations

Arupjyoti Saikia

in Forests and Ecological History of Assam, 1826–2000

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198069539
eISBN:
9780199081240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069539.003.0004
Subject:
History, Indian History

The responsibility of governance and control over forests was organized through institutions and a legal framework that emerged after the conservation was put in place. In Assam, a provincial Forest ... More


Forests in Assam: Merchant Trade to Imperial Economy

Arupjyoti Saikia

in Forests and Ecological History of Assam, 1826–2000

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198069539
eISBN:
9780199081240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069539.003.0005
Subject:
History, Indian History

Commercial exploitation of the forests products became the predominant agenda of the colonial forest policy during the 1870s. During this period, forestry was seen as profit-generating machine where ... More


Science in the Forests: Rethinking Conservation

Arupjyoti Saikia

in Forests and Ecological History of Assam, 1826–2000

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198069539
eISBN:
9780199081240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069539.003.0006
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter examines how in the urge for scientific forestry, the foresters in Assam took recourse to the local experiences. It also discusses how both scientific management and commercialization of ... More


True Places: Searching for Wild Nature in an Urban Age

John P. Herron

in Science and the Social Good: Nature, Culture, and Community, 1865-1965

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383546
eISBN:
9780199870523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383546.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the life of Robert Marshall. Marshall dedicated his career to expanding the application of the natural sciences, especially his field of forestry. He recognized the primary ... More


The Forest and the Trees: Natural Science and Social Justice

John P. Herron

in Science and the Social Good: Nature, Culture, and Community, 1865-1965

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383546
eISBN:
9780199870523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383546.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, American History: 20th Century

This chapter continues the discussion of the life of Robert Marshall. In the first two decades of the century, many Jews, native and foreign-born, shared in the growth opportunities available in ... More


Unsustainable Yield: American Foresters and Tropical Timber Resources

Richard P. Tucker

in Insatiable Appetite: The United States and the Ecological Degradation of the Tropical World

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520220874
eISBN:
9780520923812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220874.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the timber industry and the various timber resources. It starts with the exploitation of tropical timber during the twentieth century, which was mainly due to the expansion of ... More


Hunters and Hunted, Summer-Autumn 1943

H. R. Kedward

in In Search of the Maquis: Rural Resistance in Southern France 1942-1944

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205784
eISBN:
9780191676796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205784.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

In the weeks following Aire-de-Côte, police in the Gard were dispatched in larger numbers to locate and hunt down those known to be hiding in the département, and one report refers to fifty ... More


Agriculture and Forestry

Jack Morrell

in Science at Oxford, 1914-1939: Transforming an Arts University

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206576
eISBN:
9780191677229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206576.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the developments in the teaching of agriculture and forestry at Oxford University in England from 1914 to 1939. Agriculture at Oxford was often seen as a mere technical craft of ... More


Building a Better Tree: Genetic Engineering and Fiber Farming in Oregon and Washington

W. Scott Prudham

in Engineering Trouble: Biotechnology and Its Discontents

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520237612
eISBN:
9780520937499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520237612.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter reviews the basic architecture of Tree Genetic Engineering Research Cooperative (TGERC) research. It describes the two institutional influences on the TGERC: (1) the tradition of public ... More


Introduction

Michael J Lannoo

in Leopold's Shack and Ricketts's Lab: The Emergence of Environmentalism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520264786
eISBN:
9780520946064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520264786.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Aldo Leopold and Edward F. Ricketts worked at a time when ecology was a word so new to the world of ideas that they themselves rarely used it. The overarching interest they shared was in the ... More


Science in Education

Deepak Kumar

in Science and the Raj: A Study of British India

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195687149
eISBN:
9780199081684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687149.003.0004
Subject:
History, Indian History

In the early 1870s, the importance of science education in India was gaining recognition. In 1875, the Madras University decided to evaluate its matriculation candidates in geography and elementary ... More


“Putting Our Properties on the Most Conservative and Scientific Basis”: Resource Conservation

Richard J. Orsi

in Sunset Limited: The Southern Pacific Railroad and the Development of the American West, 1850-1930

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520200197
eISBN:
9780520940864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520200197.003.0014
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter studies the resource conservation efforts of the Southern Pacific. It starts with their early resource policies, before moving on to the company's influence on the development of ... More


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