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Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Jake Chandler and Victoria S. Harrison (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

At a time in which probability theory is exerting an unprecedented influence on epistemology and philosophy of science, promising to deliver an exact and unified foundation for the philosophy of ... More


Teleological Arguments

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271672
eISBN:
9780191709357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271672.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

One form of the teleological argument (or argument from design) claims that since it is moderately probable that God will make humans, it is moderately probable that he will make a universe subject ... More


The Existence of the Primordial God

Peter Forrest

in Developmental Theism: From Pure Will to Unbounded Love

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199214587
eISBN:
9780191706523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214587.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter presents a case for the existence of the neoclassical Primordial God. First, we should either reject reductive materialism or at least not have confidence in it. Hence, we should attach ... More


Can Evidence for Design be Explained Away?

David H Glass

in Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In cases where two hypotheses could account for a piece of evidence, learning that one of them is true often lowers the probability of the other via ‘explaining away’. Nevertheless, the truth of one ... More


Bayes, God, and the Multiverse

Richard Swinburne

in Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter begins by summarizing how the structure of an argument from the fine-tuning of a single universe to the existence of God can be expressed in terms of Bayes’ theorem. There could however ... More


God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Herman Philipse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a critical examination of the philosophical strategies for defending religious belief. The main strategies may be presented as conforming to the end nodes of a decision tree for a ... More


The Predictive Power of Theism

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Theism can be a theory or existential hypothesis to be confirmed by empirical evidence only if it has some predictive power. Theists should (and do) prefer a purely logical definition of predictive ... More


The Immunization of Theism

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Natural theologians who aim at confirming the theistic hypothesis by adducing empirical evidence are confronted by the dilemma of God-of-the-gaps. Either theism predicts no specific phenomena at all, ... More


Arguments from Order to Design

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to Swinburne’s Bayesian argument from temporal order, the fact that our universe is ordered by relatively simple laws of nature is more probable if God exists than if he does not. If God ... More


The Argument from Consciousness Revisited

Kevin Kimble and Timothy O'Connor

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 3

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199603213
eISBN:
9780191725388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603213.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The argument from consciousness maintains that correlations between brain states and conscious states of persons require explanation but cannot be given an adequate scientific explanation. The ... More


Swinburne’s Aesthetic Appeal

Hud Hudson

in Reason and Faith: Themes from Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198732648
eISBN:
9780191796869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732648.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In his book The Existence of God, Richard Swinburne investigates an increasingly popular argument for theism that is grounded in the observation that the universe appears to be especially fine-tuned ... More


Infinite Cardinalities, Measuring Knowledge, and Probabilities in Fine-Tuning Arguments

Isaac Choi

in Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198798705
eISBN:
9780191848469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798705.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter deals with two different problems in which infinity plays a central role. It first responds to a claim that infinity renders counting knowledge-level beliefs an infeasible approach to ... More


A Theological Critique of the Fine-Tuning Argument

Hans Halvorson

in Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198798705
eISBN:
9780191848469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798705.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The fine-tuning argument attempts to use data from contemporary physics as evidence for God’s existence. In particular, contemporary physics suggests that—in absence of any divine intervention—there ... More


Fine-Tuning Fine-Tuning

Yoaav Isaacs

John Hawthorne (ed.)

in Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198798705
eISBN:
9780191848469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798705.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that the fine-tuning argument for the existence of God is a straightforwardly legitimate argument. The fine-tuning argument takes certain features of fundamental physics to ... More


Modal Panentheism

Yujin Nagasawa

in Alternative Concepts of God: Essays on the Metaphysics of the Divine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198722250
eISBN:
9780191789090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722250.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Modal panentheism consists primarily of the following two theses: (1) God is the totality of all possible worlds. (2) All possible worlds exist to the same extent that the actual world does. The aim ... More


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