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The Metaphysics of Hyperspace

Hud Hudson

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199282579
eISBN:
9780191712463
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282579.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This collection of chapters on metaphysics and philosophy of religion is organized around the theme of hyperspace. The book contains critical discussions and evaluations of some non-theistic reasons ... More


Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Jake Chandler and Victoria S. Harrison (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

At a time in which probability theory is exerting an unprecedented influence on epistemology and philosophy of science, promising to deliver an exact and unified foundation for the philosophy of ... More


Why there is Something rather than Nothing

Bede Rundle

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199270507
eISBN:
9780191601392
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270503.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If, as the theist maintains, God is a being who exists of necessity, his existence explains why there is something rather than nothing. However, a less demanding explanation is also possible: not ... More


The Quest for REALITY

Paul Horwich

in Truth -- Meaning -- Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199268900
eISBN:
9780191708459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268900.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

A widespread concern within philosophy has been, and continues to be, to determine which areas of discourse address real, robust, not-merely-deflationary facts, and which do not. But a threat to the ... More


The law‐governed world‐picture

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The idea that science has discovered that our universe is governed by laws of nature is arguably an important part of the modern scientific world‐view. The distinction between laws and other truths ... More


A Different Kind of Whole

Kathrin Koslicki

in The Structure of Objects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539895
eISBN:
9780191716300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter returns to the question, postponed in Chapter 2: why, from a three-dimensionalist perspective, the properties of ordinary material objects are not already adequately accounted for by ... More


The Role of Structure in Plato's Mereological Writings

Kathrin Koslicki

in The Structure of Objects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539895
eISBN:
9780191716300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

The methodological and ontological considerations that arose in connection with Kit Fine's theory of embodiments provide motivation to search for an alternative approach which preserves the ... More


Concerning Some Philosophical Reasons to Believe in Hyperspace

Hud Hudson

in The Metaphysics of Hyperspace

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199282579
eISBN:
9780191712463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282579.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter contains an extended discussion of two different philosophical (as opposed to physics-based) reasons to believe in the hypothesis of hyperspace. The first examines the phenomenon of ... More


Aberrations of the Realism Debate *

Michael Devitt

in Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280803
eISBN:
9780191723254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280803.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins by arguing that contrary to received opinion, the issue of realism about the physical world has almost nothing to do with semantic issues about truth. It follows that it is an ... More


Can Evidence for Design be Explained Away?

David H Glass

in Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In cases where two hypotheses could account for a piece of evidence, learning that one of them is true often lowers the probability of the other via ‘explaining away’. Nevertheless, the truth of one ... More


Bayes, God, and the Multiverse

Richard Swinburne

in Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter begins by summarizing how the structure of an argument from the fine-tuning of a single universe to the existence of God can be expressed in terms of Bayes’ theorem. There could however ... More


God and Explanation

Bede Rundle

in Why there is Something rather than Nothing

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199270507
eISBN:
9780191601392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270503.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Difficulties in invoking God in any explanatory role are pursued in connection with the possibility of miracles and the argument from design. The anthropic principle and the significance of ‘fine ... More


God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Herman Philipse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a critical examination of the philosophical strategies for defending religious belief. The main strategies may be presented as conforming to the end nodes of a decision tree for a ... More


The Predictive Power of Theism

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Theism can be a theory or existential hypothesis to be confirmed by empirical evidence only if it has some predictive power. Theists should (and do) prefer a purely logical definition of predictive ... More


The Immunization of Theism

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Natural theologians who aim at confirming the theistic hypothesis by adducing empirical evidence are confronted by the dilemma of God-of-the-gaps. Either theism predicts no specific phenomena at all, ... More


Arguments from Order to Design

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to Swinburne’s Bayesian argument from temporal order, the fact that our universe is ordered by relatively simple laws of nature is more probable if God exists than if he does not. If God ... More


Rivals

Theodore Sider

in Writing the Book of the World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199697908
eISBN:
9780191732096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697908.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One rival account of fundamentality is based on Kit Fine’s notions of ground and reality. But ground violates purity (if it is taken to be fundamental); and the reality‐based account is holistic in ... More


The Argument from Consciousness Revisited

Kevin Kimble and Timothy O'Connor

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 3

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199603213
eISBN:
9780191725388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603213.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The argument from consciousness maintains that correlations between brain states and conscious states of persons require explanation but cannot be given an adequate scientific explanation. The ... More


Too Many Universes

D. H. Mellor

in Mind, Meaning, and Reality: Essays in Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199645084
eISBN:
9780191743351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645084.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter rebuts Martin Rees’s ‘fine-tuning’ arguments for the theory that our universe is but one of many in a ‘multiverse’. That argument assumes that our universe’s being in a multiverse makes ... More


Hyperintensionality

Francesco Berto and Mark Jago

in Impossible Worlds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198812791
eISBN:
9780191850585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812791.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter asks whether hyperintensionality is a genuine phenomenon, or rather, a feature to be explained away. It then focuses on the epistemic case, considering arguments from Stalnaker and Lewis ... More


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