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The Problem with Necker’s Compte Rendu au roi (1781)

Joël Félix

in The Crisis of the Absolute Monarchy: France from Old Regime to Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265383
eISBN:
9780191760433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265383.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Despite its iconic status, Necker's Compte-rendu au roi is one of the most debated but least understood historical documents of the Ancien Regime. This chapter challenges the assumption that the ... More


Franco-British Naval Rivalry and the Crisis of the Monarchy, 1759–1789*

Olivier Chaline

in The Crisis of the Absolute Monarchy: France from Old Regime to Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265383
eISBN:
9780191760433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265383.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Did the immense investment in the French Navy in the context of the crisis of the monarchy outstrip the financial resources of the État royal, thus being a major cause or even the principal cause of ... More


1790: Joining the Municipal Revolution

Siân Reynolds

in Marriage and Revolution: Monsieur and Madame Roland

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199560424
eISBN:
9780191741814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560424.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter shows how Jean-Marie Roland became a key player in Lyon's municipal politics while his wife writes for Le Patriote. Roland is elected a ‘notable’ (member of the enlarged city council) ... More


War and Urban Government

Steven Gunn, David Grummitt, and Hans Cools

in War, State, and Society in England and the Netherlands 1477-1559

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207503
eISBN:
9780191708848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207503.003.006
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter examines the impact of war on the economic and political structures of urban life and civic finances. Wartime destruction and interruptions to trade posed challenges to the management of ... More


The German Territories and Cities After 1555

Joachim Whaley

in Germany and the Holy Roman Empire: Volume I: Maximilian I to the Peace of Westphalia, 1493-1648

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780198731016
eISBN:
9780191730870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198731016.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

After 1555 princes and urban magistrates faced the task of re‐establishing order and equilibrium. German historians have generally described this as a process of confessionalisation that led to state ... More


Dutch Primacy in World Trade, 1585–1740

Jonathan I. Israel

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198211396
eISBN:
9780191678196
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198211396.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Economic History

Despite its small size and population, the Dutch Republic functioned as the hub of world trade, shipping, and finance for nearly two centuries. This is the first detailed account of that hegemony ... More


The Commerce of Learning

Paul White

in Jodocus Badius Ascensius: Commentary, Commerce and Print in the Renaissance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265543
eISBN:
9780191760358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265543.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter explores Badius’s use of language associated with the domains of commerce and finance, and demonstrates that he used metaphors drawn from these domains to make sense of potential ... More


Confronting the Parlement of Paris, 1718

John J. Hurt

in Louis XIV and the Parlements: The Assertion of Royal Authority

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719062353
eISBN:
9781781700372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719062353.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter depicts the circumstances under which d'Argenson, the new keeper of the seals and president of the Council of Finances, confronted the parlement and the resulting outcome of this ... More


The Financial Organization

Robert Stein

in Magnanimous Dukes and Rising States: The Unification of the Burgundian Netherlands, 1380-1480

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198757108
eISBN:
9780191817014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757108.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

When the dukes of Burgundy acceded to the throne of the provinces in the Netherlands in the 1420s, 1430s, and 1440s, the prospects did not inspire any great confidence. They inherited from their ... More


The Titles

Robert Stein

in Magnanimous Dukes and Rising States: The Unification of the Burgundian Netherlands, 1380-1480

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198757108
eISBN:
9780191817014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757108.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter traces how the Burgundian dynasty managed to unite the different principalities of the Netherlands under its rule, and thus created a composite monarchy. The Burgundian claims were ... More


The Taxes

Robert Stein

in Magnanimous Dukes and Rising States: The Unification of the Burgundian Netherlands, 1380-1480

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198757108
eISBN:
9780191817014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757108.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

One of the main achievements of the Burgundian government was the introduction of a regular taxation in all of their principalities. This resulted in three important changes. Firstly, taxes became an ... More


Taxes—Old and New

Nicole Reinhardt

in Voices of Conscience: Royal Confessors and Political Counsel in Seventeenth-Century Spain and France

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198703686
eISBN:
9780191772856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703686.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Religion

The conditions for just taxation as set out by early-sixteenth-century moral theologians were extremely limited. Yet in line with the ever-growing need to expand resources to meet the expenses of ... More


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