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Farming Practice and Techniques

M. E. Turner, J. V. Beckett, and B. Afton

in Farm Production in England 1700-1914

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208044
eISBN:
9780191716577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208044.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter tests the traditional appreciation of farming in the past, based on crop rotations of two or three crops followed by a fallow year, against the evidence-based practice of 18th- and ... More


Convergence and the Fertilizer Industry, 1868–1884

Shepherd W. Mckinley

in Stinking Stones and Rocks of Gold: Phosphate, Fertilizer, and Industrialization in Postbellum South Carolina

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049243
eISBN:
9780813050065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049243.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Thischapter argues that land and river phosphate mining led to a dynamic local fertilizer manufacturing industrywhich had a profound impact on Charleston and Beaufort, South Carolina, southern ... More


Conclusions and Epilogue

Shepherd W. Mckinley

in Stinking Stones and Rocks of Gold: Phosphate, Fertilizer, and Industrialization in Postbellum South Carolina

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049243
eISBN:
9780813050065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049243.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter summarizes the importance of the three industries. They preceded the cotton mills and set in motion two separate chains of reaction, one agricultural and the other industrial. Abundant ... More


The Global History of Organic Farming

Gregory A. Barton

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199642533
eISBN:
9780191851186
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199642533.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Organic farming is a major global movement that is changing land use and consumer habits around the world. This book tells the untold story of how the organic farming movement nearly faltered after ... More


Stinking Stones and Rocks of Gold: Phosphate, Fertilizer, and Industrialization in Postbellum South Carolina

Shepherd W. McKinley

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049243
eISBN:
9780813050065
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049243.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Centered near Charleston and Beaufort, the river and land mining industries dominated world production during the 1870s and 1880s. Phosphate mining fueled the rapid growth of local fertilizer ... More


Ecological Rifts and Shifts: The Accumulation of Catastrophe

Hannah Holleman

in Dust Bowls of Empire: Imperialism, Environmental Politics, and the Injustice of "Green" Capitalism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780300230208
eISBN:
9780300240887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300230208.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter argues that the Dust Bowl is a perfect example of the accumulation of catastrophe, the result of decision makers shifting ecological problems down the line and denying the nature of the ... More


Fecal Matters: Prolegomenon to a History of Shit in Japan

David L. Howell

in Japan at Nature's Edge: The Environmental Context of a Global Power

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836924
eISBN:
9780824871109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836924.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter presents a comprehensive history of shit in Japan and shit's environmental consequences. It argues that shit is something useful—a source of benefit for the individual and the nation—and ... More


Intensifying Production

Erin Stewart Mauldin

in Unredeemed Land: An Environmental History of Civil War and Emancipation in the Cotton South

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190865177
eISBN:
9780190865207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190865177.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Wartime damage intensified cotton production among small farmers. The disappearance of livestock, the increase in rates of animal diseases, and the lack of fencing materials meant that more farmers ... More


The Search for Pre-Modern Wisdom

Gregory A. Barton

in The Global History of Organic Farming

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199642533
eISBN:
9780191851186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199642533.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Over time, the myth of the peasant origins of the organic farming movement has come to prominence amongst those who advocate organic farming methods, with the belief being that, through his writings ... More


To the Empire and Beyond

Gregory A. Barton

in The Global History of Organic Farming

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199642533
eISBN:
9780191851186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199642533.003.0007
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter traces the expansion of industrial agricultural methods after the Second World War. Western governments and the Food and Agriculture Organization pushed for increased use of chemical ... More


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