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Women’s Sport and Questionable Sex

Jaime Schultz

in Qualifying Times: Points of Change in U.S. Women's Sport

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038167
eISBN:
9780252095962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038167.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter explores how leaders of several international athletic federations worked to quell anxieties about “manly” women competitors by instituting “sex-testing” policies to verify the ... More


“One of the Most Horrid Misuses of a Scientific Method”: The Development of a Protest

Lindsay Parks Pieper

in Sex Testing: Gender Policing in Women's Sports

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040221
eISBN:
9780252098444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040221.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

Although the International Olympic Committee (IOC) sought to differentiate women from men, the methods employed repeatedly illustrated the difficulty in determining the exact composition of ... More


“A Careful Inquiry to Establish Her Sex beyond a Doubt”: Sex/Gender Anxieties in Track and Field

Lindsay Parks Pieper

in Sex Testing: Gender Policing in Women's Sports

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040221
eISBN:
9780252098444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040221.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter illustrates the sex-segregated framework of sport and highlights the historical threats to the sex/gender status quo. In the early twentieth century, track and field was the most popular ... More


“Because They Have Muscles, Big Ones”: Cold War Gender Norms and International Sport, 1952–1967

Lindsay Parks Pieper

in Sex Testing: Gender Policing in Women's Sports

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040221
eISBN:
9780252098444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040221.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter examines how Cold War tensions heightened the fear of fraudulent competitors in international sport. The Cold War exacerbated earlier sex/gender concerns and resulted in a mandatory ... More


“East Germany’s Mighty Sports Machine”: Steroids, Nationalism, and Femininity Testing

Lindsay Parks Pieper

in Sex Testing: Gender Policing in Women's Sports

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040221
eISBN:
9780252098444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040221.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) created its medical commission in order to deter athletes from consuming performance-enhancing substances and to bar sex/gender-transgressive women from ... More


The US vs. USSR: Gender Testing, Doping Checks, and Olympic Boycotts

Lindsay Parks Pieper

in Sex Testing: Gender Policing in Women's Sports

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040221
eISBN:
9780252098444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040221.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

While the US–USSR rivalry dissipated somewhat in the 1970s, the two countries experienced an escalation of hostilities in the 1980s. Through athletic contests and strategic boycotts, the Olympics ... More


Introduction

Lindsay Parks Pieper

in Sex Testing: Gender Policing in Women's Sports

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040221
eISBN:
9780252098444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040221.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to book explores the history of sex testing from the 1930s to the early 2000s. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) used different ... More


Sex Testing: Gender Policing in Women's Sports

Lindsay Parks Pieper

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040221
eISBN:
9780252098444
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040221.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

In 1968, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) implemented sex testing for female athletes at that year's Games. When it became clear that testing regimes failed to delineate a sex divide, the ... More


Introduction: The Politics of the Ponytail

Jaime Schultz

in Qualifying Times: Points of Change in U.S. Women's Sport

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038167
eISBN:
9780252095962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038167.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This introductory chapter considers how something as seemingly mundane as a ponytail is actually shot through with substantial and varied cultural significance. Unquestionably, the hairstyle provides ... More


Qualifying Times: Points of Change in U.S. Women's Sport

Jaime Schultz

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038167
eISBN:
9780252095962
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038167.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This perceptive, lively study explores U.S. women's sport through historical “points of change”: particular products or trends that dramatically influenced both women's participation in sport and ... More


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