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Japan: Haltingly Towards a Two‐Party System

Steven R. Reed

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Japan embarked upon fundamental electoral reform in the 1990s. The single non-transferable vote was replaced by a mixed parallel system, which has resulted in an increase in disproportionality. The ... More


A Crisis of Institutionalization: The Collapse of the UCD in Spain

Richard Gunther and Jonathan Hopkin

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Political parties are such a fundamental part of democratic political life that they take on an appearance of stability and solidity that is rarely questioned—hence, when a political party collapses, ... More


Turnout

Jonathan Bendor, Daniel Diermeier, David A. Siegel, and Michael M. Ting

in A Behavioral Theory of Elections

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135076
eISBN:
9781400836802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135076.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on voter participation, perhaps the most well-known anomaly for rational choice theory. The problem goes like this: in large electorates, the chance that any single voter will be ... More


Elections with Multiple Parties

Jonathan Bendor, Daniel Diermeier, David A. Siegel, and Michael M. Ting

in A Behavioral Theory of Elections

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135076
eISBN:
9781400836802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135076.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter extends the model used for two-party elections to multiparty democracies. It first considers the module models for party competition and voter turnout to see what modifications are ... More


Engines of Change: Party Factions in American Politics, 1868-2010

Daniel DiSalvo

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891702
eISBN:
9780199949410
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891702.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

To properly understand American political parties one must look beneath their labels. Beneath those labels are factions that have goals, incentives, and resources that conflict with the larger party ... More


Four Questions About American Party Factions

Daniel DiSalvo

in Engines of Change: Party Factions in American Politics, 1868-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891702
eISBN:
9780199949410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891702.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

To properly take the measure of factions in American politics, this chapter addresses four questions: What is a faction? What do factions do? Who are the factions in America? What are the causes of ... More


A Swing towards the West

Gabriel Sheffer

in Moshe Sharett: Biography of a Political Moderate

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279945
eISBN:
9780191684326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279945.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The existence of a moderate, liberal, pragmatic, and libertarian camp within the Mapai, led by Sharett, composed of moderates of Ahdut Haavodah and some veterans of Hapoel Hatzair, was made clear ... More


The Eyes of Texas: Political Culture and Tradition

Sean P. Cunningham

in Cowboy Conservatism: Texas and the Rise of the Modern Right

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125763
eISBN:
9780813135441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125763.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

V.O. Key (a political scientist) argued that the “changes of nine decades have weakened the heritage of southern traditionalism, revolutionized the economy, and made Texas more western than ... More


The Conservatives since 1945: The Drivers of Party Change

Tim Bale

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199234370
eISBN:
9780191746093
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234370.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

What do we really mean when we say a political party has changed? And exactly what is it that drives that change? Political scientists working in the comparative tradition have come up with a general ... More


Introduction

Tim Bale

in The Conservatives since 1945: The Drivers of Party Change

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199234370
eISBN:
9780191746093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234370.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter outlines what political scientists think they know about how and why parties change. It suggests that they key changes to consider are changes in the party’s public face (essentially its ... More


Conclusion

Tim Bale

in The Conservatives since 1945: The Drivers of Party Change

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199234370
eISBN:
9780191746093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234370.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Having tracked and explained change in detail, the book finishes with a chapter that switches from streetview to satellite and then finally to map. It begins by summarising the extent of change in ... More


Inside the IRA: Dissident Republicans and the War for Legitimacy

Andrew Sanders

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748641123
eISBN:
9780748652907
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641123.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Who is the ‘real’ IRA? The Real IRA, the Continuity IRA, the Irish National Liberation Army, the Official IRA and the Provisional IRA have all assumed responsibility for the struggle for Irish ... More


Moderating Republicanism, 1953–1964

Michael Bowen

in The Roots of Modern Conservatism: Dewey, Taft, and the Battle for the Soul of the Republican Party

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834855
eISBN:
9781469602752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869192_bowen.13
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on Taft's death and how it made the Old Guard lose both its guiding force and its most visible public presence. Without its figurehead and legislative leader, the conservative ... More


Corporatist Cabinets and the Emergence of the “1955 System,” 1955–1972

Brian Woodall

in Growing Democracy in Japan: The Parliamentary Cabinet System since 1868

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813145013
eISBN:
9780813145327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813145013.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter traces the evolution of Japan’s cabinet system in the first years of the “1955 System,” during which time a seniority system for cabinet ministers became established. Because Liberal ... More


Searching for Political Parties in the Past

Piero Ignazi

in Party and Democracy: The Uneven Road to Party Legitimacy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198735854
eISBN:
9780191799815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198735854.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 1 introduces the long and difficult process of the theoretical legitimation of the political party as such. The analysis of the meaning and acceptance of ‘parties’ as tools of expressing ... More


Jharkhand: Defies the National Trend

Harishwar Dayal and B.K. Sinha

in Party Competition in Indian States: Electoral Politics in Post-Congress Polity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198099178
eISBN:
9780199082988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099178.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

The pattern of political competition continues to be in flux in Jharkhand over a decade after its formation. Neither the state-level nor the all-India parties have yet mustered sufficient strength to ... More


A Theory of Self-Determination Politics

Kathleen Gallagher Cunningham

in Inside the Politics of Self-Determination

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199364909
eISBN:
9780199364930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199364909.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents the theory of the book, which builds on bargaining models of conflict by extending the logic to bargaining over self-determination and integrating complexity of the actors ... More


Relationship between Internal Structure, Accommodation, and Civil War

Kathleen Gallagher Cunningham

in Inside the Politics of Self-Determination

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199364909
eISBN:
9780199364930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199364909.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the effects of accommodation and civil war on the internal structure of self-determination (SD) groups and states. Through quantitative analysis of the cohesion and ... More


Controlling Republican Politics: The Main Challenge

David Brian Robertson

in The Original Compromise: What the Constitution’s Framers Were Really Thinking

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199796298
eISBN:
9780199979707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796298.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The delegates faced a dilemma: how could they build a republican national government while ensuring that the government would pursue policies that were good for the nation? Politics was inevitable in ... More


Giants with Feet of Clay: Political Parties in Colombia

Eduardo Pizarro Leongómez

in The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the Andes

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804752787
eISBN:
9780804767910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804752787.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the role of the political parties in the crisis of democratic representation in Colombia. It explains that Colombia's two-party system actually functioned as multi-party system ... More


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