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The Good of Others

Julia Annas

in The Morality of Happiness

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Because of their eudaimonistic structure, ancient theories have been criticized as egoistic, but this is a mistake, overlooking the place in them of philia or ‘friendship’, covering particular ... More


Intelligent Virtue

Julia Annas

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199228782
eISBN:
9780191725524
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228782.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The book develops an account of virtue which, in a contemporary version, foregrounds the idea that virtue is an exercise of practical intelligence (ideally, a form of practical wisdom) similar to the ... More


Socratic Methods

James Doyle

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume 42

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199644384
eISBN:
9780191743344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644384.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

It is generally supposed that what Socrates in Plato's Apology describes himself as having spent his life doing in obedience to a divine command (activity A), what Socrates has urged others to do ... More


PSYCHOLOGICAL EUDAIMONISM AND INTERPRETATION IN GREEK ETHICS

MARK LEBAR and NATHANIEL GOLDBERG

in Virtue and Happiness: Essays in Honour of Julia Annas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646043
eISBN:
9780191743368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646043.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics can each be understood as claiming that all human beings desire to live well, and that this desire, when accompanied by correct beliefs about the role of virtue in ... More


The Value of Living Well

Mark LeBar

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199931118
eISBN:
9780199345717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931118.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Since the middle of the twentieth century, virtue ethics has enriched the range of philosophical approaches to normative ethics, often drawing on the work of the ancient Greeks, who offered accounts ... More


The Morality of Happiness

Julia Annas

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The book examines the major traditions of ancient ethical theory, showing that they share a common theoretical structure. They are examples of eudaimonism, a type of ethical theory in which the basic ... More


Blindness and Reorientation: Problems in Plato's Republic

C.D.C. Reeve

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199934430
eISBN:
9780199980659
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934430.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Justice, Thrasymachus argues, is the advantage of the stronger. Though Socrates apparently refutes him, Plato’s brothers, Glaucon and Adeimantus, take up his argument anew, challenging Socrates to ... More


Imperatives in Greek Ethics

Nicholas White

in Individual and Conflict in Greek Ethics

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250593
eISBN:
9780191598661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250592.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

A common theme in the historiography of Greek ethics says that modern ethics is characterized by imperative notions such as ‘duty’—and with a Judeo‐Christian notion of imperatives or commands issued ... More


Individual Good and Deliberative Conflict in Aristotle

Nicholas White

in Individual and Conflict in Greek Ethics

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250593
eISBN:
9780191598661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250592.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Although Aristotle's ethics is rightly characterized as eudaimonist, in making the happiness of an individual his preeminent aim, it does not adopt the harmonizing eudaimonist position that all ... More


Towards an Understanding of the History of Greek Ethics

Nicholas White

in Individual and Conflict in Greek Ethics

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250593
eISBN:
9780191598661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250592.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Thus far it has been shown that Greek ethics is not as different from modern ethics as is commonly held, and that we cannot oppose a harmonizing Greek ethical outlook with a modern view that involves ... More


Philosophy and Pedagogy

A. A. Long

in Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245567
eISBN:
9780191597923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245568.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Epictetus’ philosophy combines rationality, empiricism, and eudaimonism. He refutes scepticism by arguing that this stance involves self‐refutation. He requires his students to recognise that ... More


How (And Maybe Why) To Grieve Like an Ancient Philosopher

Scott LaBarge

in Virtue and Happiness: Essays in Honour of Julia Annas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646043
eISBN:
9780191743368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646043.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Although hostility to the emotion of grief is most often associated with the Stoics, this attitude actually is shared by a surprisingly wide range of ancient schools. Some want to eradicate the ... More


Living Happily

Julia Annas

in Intelligent Virtue

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199228782
eISBN:
9780191725524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228782.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter turns to the happy life, first giving an outline account of eudaimonism, the idea that we all aim at an initially unspecific happy life, trying to achieve it by trial and error in ... More


Living Virtuously, Living Happily

Julia Annas

in Intelligent Virtue

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199228782
eISBN:
9780191725524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228782.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter brings together the book’s results about virtue and about happiness, showing that there is nothing strange about the idea that the happy life might be the virtuous life on this account. ... More


Introduction

Lorraine Smith Pangle

in Virtue Is Knowledge: The Moral Foundations of Socratic Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226136547
eISBN:
9780226136684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226136684.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

After introducing the themes of the book and discussing some of the rhetorical and educational functions of the Socratic thesis, this chapter defends the book’s method, in which each dialogue is ... More


Norms of Justice in Development

Mark LeBar

in Developing the Virtues: Integrating Perspectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190271466
eISBN:
9780190271480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190271466.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In thinking about justice we can benefit not only from centuries of ethical thought, but also of what we now know from the social sciences as to the conditions under which living well together is ... More


Making Sense of Stoic Indifferents

Jacob Klein

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 49

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198749516
eISBN:
9780191842818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749516.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Leading interpretations of Stoic ethics treat the value of promoted indifferents either as instrumental, contributing to the telos of happiness, or as intrinsic, grounding reasons for action that do ... More


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