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Structural Equity

Aaron James

in Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199846153
eISBN:
9780199933389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846153.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter elaborates the idea of “structural equity,” seen as the central fairness issue in international economic practice. It presents a deontological and contractualist conception of equity in ... More


The Main Principle

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces a consequentialist meta-theoretic sufficient condition for a change in moral practices to be a moral improvement, the main principle. The chapter introduces the main principle ... More


What Is Well-Being? What Is Equity?

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter replies to some standard objections to consequentialist moral principle, including the problem of expensive tastes, and R. Dworkin’s circularity objection. The chapter compares the main ... More


Equity Rights

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Equity rights are the rights required for the equitable promotion of life prospects. They include negative opportunity rights (rights against discrimination), positive opportunity rights (rights to ... More


Theoretical Implications

Jeffrey Brand-Ballard

in Limits of Legality: The Ethics of Lawless Judging

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195342291
eISBN:
9780199867011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342291.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines more restrictive theories of rule guidance, including those of legal formalists such as Larry Alexander and Frederick Schauer, and that of an exclusive positivist, Scott J. ... More


Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy

Aaron James

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199846153
eISBN:
9780199933389
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846153.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book argues that the global economy generates significant egalitarian requirements of fairness, independently of humanitarian, human rights, or other justice concerns. Answering both economic ... More


Limiting Leviathan: Hobbes on Law and International Affairs

Larry May

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682799
eISBN:
9780191762987
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682799.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The thesis of the book is that Hobbes is much more amenable to moral, and even legal, limits on the law than he is often portrayed. It is argued that Hobbes's views can provide a solid grounding for ... More


The Intellectual Origins of the Global Financial Crisis

Roger Berkowitz and Taun N. Toay (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823249602
eISBN:
9780823250752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823249602.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

From easy money to greed, there is no shortage of explanations for the global financial crisis that began in 2008. Some even deny it is a crisis, arguing that the Great Recession is just one of the ... More


Other Options for Market Socialism?

N. Scott Arnold

in The Philosophy and Economics of Market Socialism: A Critical Study

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195088274
eISBN:
9780199853014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195088274.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The problem posed by this chapter is whether or not there are other market socialist systems that do not face the difficulties found in the last two chapters. The first suggestion of the chapter is ... More


Equity and Justice

Larry May

in Limiting Leviathan: Hobbes on Law and International Affairs

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682799
eISBN:
9780191762987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682799.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Equity, not justice, is shown to be the central moral concept for Hobbes, at least concerning his legal philosophy. This chapter draws heavily on differences between Leviathan and Hobbes's Dialogue. ... More


“Are My Hands Clean?”: Responsibility for Global Gender Disparities

Alison Jaggar

in Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199975877
eISBN:
9780199396917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199975877.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The World Bank’s World Development Report: Gender Equality and Development 2012 makes many recommendations for addressing the severe gender disparities that it finds persisting across much of the ... More


Striving for the Middle Ground: Taxation, Justice, and the Status of Private Rights

Geoffrey Brennan

in Taxation: Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199609222
eISBN:
9780191862878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199609222.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Does the fact that considerations of distributive justice entitle governments to interfere with the distribution (of income/wealth/consumption) that emerges from market interactions imply that the ... More


Philosophers’ Objections to Free Trade

Bas van der Vossen and Jason Brennan

in In Defense of Openness: Why Global Freedom Is the Humane Solution to Global Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190462956
eISBN:
9780190462970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190462956.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The chapter discusses an important set of philosophical objections to the case for free trade established in the previous chapter. These objections aim to justify restrictions on trade, focusing on ... More


Welfarism, Equity, and the Choice between Statistical and Identified Victims

Matthew D. Adler

in Identified versus Statistical Lives: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190217471
eISBN:
9780190217488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190217471.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter looks at the choice between saving identified and statistical lives through the lens of welfarism. It discusses a variety of specific welfarist methodologies: cost-benefit analysis; a ... More


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