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Creative Destruction, Economic Insecurity, Stress, and Epidemic Obesity

Kevin W. Capehart and Jon D. Wisman

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The past three decades have witnessed a substantial increase in insecurity and stress as capitalism's creative destruction has become ever-more pervasive. A link between insecurity, stress and ... More


Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers

Iruka N. Okeke

in Divining without Seeds: The Case for Strengthening Laboratory Medicine in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449413
eISBN:
9780801460906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449413.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter considers viral hemorrhagic fever outbreaks in Africa. The best known African viral hemorrhagic fevers are yellow fever, Marburg, and Ebola. Viral hemorrhagic fever outbreaks are ... More


Detecting Covert Infection ahead of the Final Diagnosis

Iruka N. Okeke

in Divining without Seeds: The Case for Strengthening Laboratory Medicine in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449413
eISBN:
9780801460906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449413.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This discusses how slow and inadequate diagnoses amplify epidemics of sexually transmitted diseases and incurable infections caused by viruses, including HIV. Across Africa, hepatitis B is among the ... More


Developing social policy in conditions of rapid change: The role of social welfare

Howard Glennerster

in Welfare and wellbeing: Richard Titmuss's contribution to social policy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342997
eISBN:
9781447304203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342997.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter observes that the lecture on rapid change shows that Titmuss is advanced in his thinking on environmental issues and anticipated the global implications of human pollution. It notes that ... More


HIV and the family

Ruth Evans and Saul Becker

in Children caring for parents with HIV and AIDS: Global issues and policy responses

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420220
eISBN:
9781447301769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420220.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter examines the social dimensions of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and the multiple ways that these affect the lives of children and families, within the global context. It summarizes the dynamics ... More


Themes That Make Everyone Anxious: Vulnerable Women and Harmful Cultural Practices

Ann Swidler and Susan Cotts Watkins

in A Fraught Embrace: The Romance and Reality of AIDS Altruism in Africa

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691173924
eISBN:
9781400884988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691173924.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter demonstrates how images of vulnerable women and harmful cultural practices fascinate and disturb both brokers and donors, but leave them working at cross-purposes. Donors and brokers ... More


Overview of HIV Prevention Programs in Developing Countries

Michael H. Merson and Julia M. Dayton

in Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300087512
eISBN:
9780300128222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300087512.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter provides an overview of the epidemiology of HIV infection and evaluates HIV programs in developing countries. It first reports recent estimates of the extent of HIV infection and AIDS ... More


Implications of Economic Evaluations for National HIV Prevention Policy Makers

David R. Holtgrave and Steven D. Pinkerton

in Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300087512
eISBN:
9780300128222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300087512.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Policy makers in federal, state, local, and community levels that are involved in HIV prevention planning require answers to key questions so that their decisions are based on scientifically sound ... More


Statistical Issues in HIV Prevention

Ron Brookmeyer

in Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300087512
eISBN:
9780300128222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300087512.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter explores the key statistical issues that emerge in the design and analysis of HIV prevention studies. It focuses on the strengths and limitations of various study designs including ... More


Health Policy Modeling: Epidemic Control, HIV Vaccines, and Risky Behavior

Sally Blower, Katia Koelle, and John Mills

in Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300087512
eISBN:
9780300128222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300087512.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the obstacles to HIV vaccine development and reviews vaccine strategies currently under development. It discusses HIV epidemic control models as health policy tools. These ... More


Conclusion: Whither Breastfeeding?

Joan B. Wolf

in Is Breast Best?: Taking on the Breastfeeding Experts and the New High Stakes of Motherhood

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814794814
eISBN:
9780814795255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814794814.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This concluding chapter situates breastfeeding in the context of debates about other contemporary health risks, in particular exploring the ongoing campaign against America's “obesity epidemic” as ... More


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