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Conclusion: Obesity and its prevention in the 21st century

David Crawford, Kylie Ball, Robert W. Jeffery, and Johannes Brug

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0026
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The case for a preventative approach to the obesity epidemic is compelling. Obesity poses what is arguably one of the most significant threats to population health that is currently faced. The data ... More


The Forgotten Epidemic

Gerald M. Oppenheimer and Ronald Bayer

in Shattered Dreams?: An Oral History of the South African AIDS Epidemic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307306
eISBN:
9780199863976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307306.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces the emergence of AIDS in white gay men in Cape Town and Johannesburg in the early and mid-1980s, at a time when therapeutic impotence characterized the clinical response to HIV in ... More


Facing AIDS: Denial, Indifference, and Fear

Gerald M. Oppenheimer and Ronald Bayer

in Shattered Dreams?: An Oral History of the South African AIDS Epidemic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307306
eISBN:
9780199863976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307306.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter deals with the epidemic takeoff of HIV infection in the Black population in the 1990s, a period marked by the transition from Apartheid to a new democratic South Africa and the ... More


Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

David Crawford, Robert W. Jeffery, Kylie Ball, and Johannes Brug (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Although recognized clinically for some time as an important condition that increases risk of ill-health in affected individuals, it is only recently that obesity had been recognized as a ... More


Epidemiology After World War II: New Times, New Problems, New Players

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses epidemiology after World War II. Topics covered include the epidemic transition from the predominance of infectious disease to that of chronic disease, epidemiology in ... More


The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual

Sonja A. Rasmussen and Richard A. Goodman (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190933692
eISBN:
9780190624279
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933692.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual is the definitive resource for the most up-to-date guidance for epidemiologists and other experts conducting field investigations to address acute public health ... More


Evolution of knowledge of the smoking epidemic

Richard Doll

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the development of tobacco smoking and the factors leading to the shift to the fashion for cigarettes. It then discusses the impact of tobacco on health, the ... More


Health consequences of overweight and obesity in adults

Michael Lean

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a brief overview of the health consequences of obesity. It summarizes the epidemiological data on obesity and health and their impact from a patient-centred perspective. Only ... More


Outbreak management

Nizam Damani

in Manual of Infection Prevention and Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698356
eISBN:
9780191732126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698356.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

An outbreak of infection or food-borne illness may be defined as happening when two or more linked cases of the same illness or the situation where the observed number of cases exceeds the expected ... More


Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

John W. Ward and Christian Warren (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Americans' health improved dramatically over the 20th century. Public health programs for disease and injury prevention were responsible for much of this advance. Over the century, America's public ... More


Shattered Dreams?: An Oral History of the South African AIDS Epidemic

Gerald M. Oppenheimer and Ronald Bayer

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307306
eISBN:
9780199863976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307306.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book is an oral history of how committed doctors and nurses in South Africa struggled to ride the tiger of the world's most catastrophic AIDS epidemic. Based on more than 250 hours of interviews ... More


Measuring Health and Disease in Populations (II)

T. Kue Young

in Population Health: Concepts and Methods

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195158540
eISBN:
9780199864379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158540.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter distinguishes health indicators from indices with examples; evaluates different sources of health data; outlines the construction of summary measures of population health; discusses how ... More


New Beginnings?

Gerald M. Oppenheimer and Ronald Bayer

in Shattered Dreams?: An Oral History of the South African AIDS Epidemic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307306
eISBN:
9780199863976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307306.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In the fall of 2003, capitulating to both domestic and international pressure, a new plan was agreed upon that would ultimately provide treatment to AIDS patients, this was followed by inertia in ... More


Advances in Food Safety to Prevent Foodborne Diseases in the United States

Robert V. Tauxe and Emilio J. Esteban

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.02
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In the United States, the current food supply is broader and far safer than it was 100 years ago. At the start of the 20th century, contaminated foods frequently caused botulism, typhoid fever, ... More


Neighborhoods and Infectious Diseases

Mindy Thompson Fullilove

in Neighborhoods and Health

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195138382
eISBN:
9780199865505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138382.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on a series of neighborhood-level social/structural processes that have influenced the spread of HIV, syphilis, gonorrhea, and tuberculosis in the United States. Through the lens ... More


International Health

Barry S. Levy and Victor W. Sidel

in Social Injustice and Public Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171853
eISBN:
9780199865352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171853.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The chapter describes how social injustice leads to profoundly increased rates of illness and premature death in developing countries and discusses both internal factors, such as poverty, ... More


Social patterning of individual health behaviours: the case of cigarette smoking

Michael Marmot and Richard G. Wilkinson

in Social Determinants of Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198565895
eISBN:
9780191723988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565895.003.11
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on cigarette smoking as the individual health behaviour with the single largest impact on health inequalities. Drawing on data from the UK, a country where the smoking epidemic ... More


An Orphan Disease in Mozambique

Julie Cliff

in The Practice of International Health: A Case-Based Orientation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195310276
eISBN:
9780199865369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310276.003.04
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an account about konzo, an epidemic of spastic paralysis in Mozambique caused by cyanide poisoning from inadequately prepared cassava. It chronicles the examination of patients ... More


Conducting a Field Investigation

Michael B. Gregg

in Field Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195313802
eISBN:
9780199863952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313802.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explains how to perform an epidemiologic field investigation. It focuses on a presumed point source (common source) epidemic, recognized and reported by local health authorities to a ... More


Botswana

Louisiana Lush, Ernest Darkoh, and Segolame L Ramotlhwa

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews Bostwana's response to its HIV epidemic. To date, considering the limitations of its health system's capacity, Botswana has performed very well. In a two-year period, it has ... More


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