Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 21 items for:

  • Keywords: epidemic x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

AS NATURAL AS BREATHING: The Flu Virus

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses the flu virus. The virus that causes the annual epidemics of influenza travels through the air. Although flu is widely viewed as a human disease, its agent is by nature a virus ... More


WARRING AGAINST HUMANS AND OTHER ANIMALS: Smallpox, Monkeypox, and Others

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses viral infections existing efforts to eradicate viruses. Topics covered include smallpox, Murray Valley encephalitis virus, rabbit poxvirus, and monkeypox.


SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Angela McLean, Robert May, John Pattison, and Robin Weiss (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The sudden appearance and rapid spread of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003 alerted the world to the fact that emerging infections are a global problem. Living in affluent societies ... More


Landscape Architect

Nicholas P. Money

in Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter describes the story of the chestnut blight epidemic in the eastern United States, a fungal disease that reshaped the entire landscape. The chestnut was a dominant tree in American ... More


Ecosystems and parasitism: the spatial dimension

Robert Holt and Thierry Boulinier

in Parasitism and Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Spatial patterns of parasitism are thought to be strongly associated with local adaptation, relative rates of migration by hosts and parasites, and local levels of resource availability. This chapter ... More


Parasitism in man-made ecosystems

François Renaud, Thierry De Meeüs, and Andrew F. Read

in Parasitism and Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Like free organisms, parasites and pathogens have the ability to colonize and evolve in new environments. Technical and surgical developments (e.g., air conditioning, catheters, fibroscopy, etc.) and ... More


Dynamics of modern epidemics

Dirk Brockmann, Lars Hufnagel, and Theo Geisel

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The rapid global spread of SARS demonstrated the threat that an infectious disease poses in a closely interconnected and interdependent world. This chapter introduces a novel, probabilistic model to ... More


Epidemics

Ricard Solé and Santiago F. Elena

in Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691158846
eISBN:
9780691185118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158846.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

It has been argued that epidemics have played a major role in human history. For example, the arrival of the British in Australia triggered a deadly wave of smallpox infections, with the estimated ... More


Emergent Viruses

Ricard Solé and Santiago F. Elena

in Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691158846
eISBN:
9780691185118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158846.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the emergence of new pathogenic viruses due to human-driven changes. A virus can be defined as “emerging” if it meets one or more of the following conditions: an already known ... More


Stochastic modeling: The impact of chance

Odo Diekmann, Hans Heesterbeek, and Tom Britton

in Mathematical Tools for Understanding Infectious Disease Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155395
eISBN:
9781400845620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155395.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter defines a stochastic counterpart to the homogeneous deterministic epidemic model introduced in Chapter 1. The model considers a homogeneous community of individuals that mix uniformly, ... More


Repercussions of Global Change

Jamie K. Reaser and Blaustein Andrew

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Amphibians warrant substantial conservation attention. They are considered valuable indicators of environmental quality, and they have multiple functional roles in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. ... More


Estimators of R0 derived from mechanistic models

Odo Diekmann, Hans Heesterbeek, and Tom Britton

in Mathematical Tools for Understanding Infectious Disease Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155395
eISBN:
9781400845620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155395.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter presents a selection of methods to estimate a value of the basic reproduction number R₀ from a variety of available data. The estimation of R₀ is important, as these play a major role, ... More


A brief guide to computer intensive statistics

Odo Diekmann, Hans Heesterbeek, and Tom Britton

in Mathematical Tools for Understanding Infectious Disease Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155395
eISBN:
9781400845620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155395.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Chapters 5, 13 and 14 presented methods for making inference about infectious diseases from available data. This is of course one of the main motivations for modeling: learning about important ... More


Introduction to pertussis transmission and epidemiological dynamics

Pejman Rohani and Samuel V. Scarpino

in Pertussis: Epidemiology, Immunology, and Evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198811879
eISBN:
9780191850011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811879.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Resolving the long-term, population-level consequences of changes in pertussis epidemiology, arising from bacterial evolution, shifts in vaccine-induced immunity, or changes in surveillance, are key ... More


The epidemic in a closed population

Odo Diekmann, Hans Heesterbeek, and Tom Britton

in Mathematical Tools for Understanding Infectious Disease Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155395
eISBN:
9781400845620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155395.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the case of an epidemic in a closed population. “Closed” means that demographic turnover, emigration, and immigration are not considered. The following questions may be asked: ... More


Inference, or how to deduce conclusions from data

Odo Diekmann, Hans Heesterbeek, and Tom Britton

in Mathematical Tools for Understanding Infectious Disease Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155395
eISBN:
9781400845620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155395.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter describes methods for making inferences about key epidemiological parameters from available data. The chapter presents the powerful statistical method called maximum-likelihood (ML) ... More


The basic reproduction number

Odo Diekmann, Hans Heesterbeek, and Tom Britton

in Mathematical Tools for Understanding Infectious Disease Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155395
eISBN:
9781400845620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155395.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The basic reproduction number (or ratio) R₀ is arguably the most important quantity in infectious disease epidemiology. It is among the quantities most urgently estimated for infectious diseases in ... More


Other indicators of severity

Odo Diekmann, Hans Heesterbeek, and Tom Britton

in Mathematical Tools for Understanding Infectious Disease Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155395
eISBN:
9781400845620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155395.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter is devoted to the initial real-time growth rate r, the probability of a major outbreak, the final size, and the endemic level, in structured populations, with special attention for ... More


Age structure

Odo Diekmann, Hans Heesterbeek, and Tom Britton

in Mathematical Tools for Understanding Infectious Disease Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155395
eISBN:
9781400845620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155395.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter elaborates on the special case of age structure. Especially in the context of infectious diseases among humans, “age” is often used to characterize individuals. Partly this reflects our ... More


Migratory Birds and Pathogen Movement

John H. Rappole

in The Avian Migrant: The Biology of Bird Migration

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146784
eISBN:
9780231518635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146784.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the role of avian migrants in the movement and spread of pathogens, with particular emphasis on West Nile virus (WNV) and avian influenza. Migratory birds can serve as hosts ... More


View: