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Europe: Camp Epidemics

Matthew Smallman-Raynor and Andrew Cliff

in War Epidemics: An Historical Geography of Infectious Diseases in Military Conflict and Civil Strife, 1850-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233640
eISBN:
9780191916489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233640.003.0019
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

One recurring theme of the previous chapter was the role of military assembly and training camps as sites for explosive outbreaks of infectious diseases ... More


Wars and War Epidemics

Matthew Smallman-Raynor and Andrew Cliff

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233640
eISBN:
9780191916489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233640.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

Disease is a head of the Hydra, War. In his classic book, The Epidemics of the Middle Ages, J. F. C. Hecker (1859) paints an apocalyptic picture of the ... More


Oceania:War Epidemics in South Pacific Islands

Matthew Smallman-Raynor and Andrew Cliff

in War Epidemics: An Historical Geography of Infectious Diseases in Military Conflict and Civil Strife, 1850-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233640
eISBN:
9780191916489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233640.003.0022
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

So far, the geographical foci of our regional–thematic examination of the linkages between war and disease have been the great continental land masses of ... More


Failures of Complex Ecosystems

William B. Rouse

in Failure Management: Malfunctions of Technologies, Organizations, and Society

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198870999
eISBN:
9780191914119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870999.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Innovation

This chapter addresses failures in healthcare (AIDS and Opioids Epidemics), the economy (Great Depression and Recession), and the environment (Population and Climate). Multi-level analyses are used ... More


Conclusion

Alonzo L. Plough

in Culture of Health in Practice: Innovations in Research, Community Engagement, and Action

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190071400
eISBN:
9780190071431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190071400.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This concluding chapter looks at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s (RWJF) renewed resolve to highlight connections, rather than differences, when it talks about common problems, and to take ... More


Deadly Delays, Saving Opportunities: Creating a More Dangerous World?

Henry Shue

in Climate Ethics: Essential Readings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195399622
eISBN:
9780197562840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195399622.003.0017
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

We now know that anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) are interfering with the planet’s climate system in ways that are likely to lead to ... More


Preparing for Pandemics

Rutger van Santen, Djan Khoe, and Bram Vermeer

in 2030: Technology That Will Change the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195377170
eISBN:
9780197562680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195377170.003.0030
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

The first draft of this chapter was written before the pandemic alert for the 2009 flu was launched. Since then, terms such as swine flu, Mexican flu, or ... More


Dynamics of infectious disease

Bryan Grenfell and Matthew Keeling

in Theoretical Ecology: Principles and Applications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199209989
eISBN:
9780191917370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199209989.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Host–pathogen associations continue to generate some of the most important applied problems in population biology. In addition, as foreshadowed in Chapter 5 of this ... More


Separated at Birth?

Peter Baldwin

in The Narcissism of Minor Differences: How Europe and America are Alike

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195391206
eISBN:
9780197562741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195391206.003.0018
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Regional Geography

To Return To The Bulk of our material in this book, what absolute differences separate the United States from Europe? The United States is a nation where ... More


Plagues and pandemics: past, present, and future

Edwin Dennis Kilbourne

in Global Catastrophic Risks

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198570509
eISBN:
9780191918100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198570509.003.0020
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

This chapter is about pandemics, a somewhat ambiguous term, defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as ‘a disease prevalent throughout a country, a ... More


Reinventing International Health in East Central Europe: The League of Nations, State Sovereignty, and Universal Health

Sara Silverstein

in Remaking Central Europe: The League of Nations and the Former Habsburg Lands

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198854685
eISBN:
9780191888885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854685.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

A network of east central European health experts involved in the state-building of their post-imperial region were responsible for the methods and objectives of the League of Nations Health ... More


The Opioid Epidemic: Busting Myths and Sharing Solutions

Alonzo L. Plough

in Culture of Health in Practice: Innovations in Research, Community Engagement, and Action

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190071400
eISBN:
9780190071431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190071400.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter addresses the unprecedented public health crisis of opioid addiction and deaths by overdose. The opioid epidemic demonstrates just how far many regions are from achieving a Culture of ... More


Counting and Mapping Cancer

Agnes Arnold-Forster

in The Cancer Problem: Malignancy in Nineteenth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198866145
eISBN:
9780191897726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198866145.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter explores the practice of collecting cancer statistics and examines the meanings and implications of the nascent idea of the ‘cancer epidemic’ in the mid-nineteenth century. In response ... More


Making Cancer Modern

Agnes Arnold-Forster

in The Cancer Problem: Malignancy in Nineteenth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198866145
eISBN:
9780191897726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198866145.003.0008
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter analyses and assesses the medical practitioners and social commentators who searched for an explanation for the new ‘cancer epidemic’ in Victorian Britain. While Chapters 5 and 6 looked ... More


Governing through Contagion

Lynette J. Chua and Jack Jin Gary Lee

in Covid-19 in Asia: Law and Policy Contexts

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780197553831
eISBN:
9780197553862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197553831.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter focuses on the concept of “governing through contagion.” Flexing power over life, governing through contagion regulates subjects of a population to ensure their bodies are free from ... More


Protecting and Promoting Health in an Interdependent World

Elizabeth H. Bradley and Lauren A. Taylor

in Fourteen Points for the Twenty-First Century: A Renewed Appeal for Cooperative Internationalism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780813179001
eISBN:
9780813179018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813179001.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the shortcomings of the current global health regime and proposes a new framework based on Woodrow Wilson’s ideas about global interaction and responsibility. The authors ... More


The Many Meanings of the Border

Kathryn Ciancia

in On Civilization's Edge: A Polish Borderland in the Interwar World

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190067458
eISBN:
9780190067489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190067458.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

In the 1920s, Polish state officials saw the newly established and poorly guarded Polish-Soviet border as a site of both anxiety and opportunity. As refugees and remigrants from the First World War ... More


Flight of the Yellow-Winged Monster

R. Scott Huffard Jr.

in Engines of Redemption: Railroads and the Reconstruction of Capitalism in the New South

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781469652818
eISBN:
9781469652832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469652818.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter discusses how railroads became a vector for the spread of yellow fever in a series of epidemics. It focuses first on a devastating outbreak that spread north from New Orleans in 1878 ... More


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