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Obligations of Justice and Beneficence to Aid the Severely Poor

Elizabeth Ashford

in Giving Well: The Ethics of Philanthropy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199739073
eISBN:
9780199855872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739073.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter takes a close look at Peter Singer's argument that we have individual obligations to help those suffering from chronic severe poverty. The chapter compares Singer's drowning child ... More


Local Conflicts as a Global Challenge

George Rupp

in Beyond Individualism: The Challenge of Inclusive Communities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231174282
eISBN:
9780231539869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174282.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Concerted cooperative efforts are crucial to achieving a world that recognizes the imperative for inclusive communities as the only viable alternative to endless conflict.


The Relevance of Personal Characteristics to Choices between Lives

Eric Rakowski

in Equal Justice

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240792
eISBN:
9780191680274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240792.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter attempts to answer questions pertaining to the relevance of personal characteristics of individuals to choices between lives. That is, should such characteristics as age or the family ... More


Convention and Allegiance

Andrew Sabl

in Hume's Politics: Coordination and Crisis in the History of England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134208
eISBN:
9781400845521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134208.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter deals with some neglected implications of viewing political power in terms of coordination, focusing on how essential it is, on a coordination view, to regard governmental authority and ... More


Contractarianism and Emergency

Yitzhak Benbaji

in Promises and Agreements: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195377958
eISBN:
9780199893836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377958.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter offers a contractarian interpretation of the laws of war, in which the moral standing of the laws of war follows from their being terms in an actual agreement between states for the ... More


The Ethics of Emergency

Gifford Lectures

in The Lesser Evil

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748618729
eISBN:
9780748671892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748618729.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Terrorist states of emergency raise fundamental questions about the nature of the rule of law. If laws can be abridged and liberties suspended in an emergency, what remains of their legitimacy in ... More


Disasters

Nancy L. Rosenblum

in Good Neighbors: The Democracy of Everyday Life in America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691169439
eISBN:
9781400881314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169439.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines neighbors in emergency situations. Neighbors are always the “first responders” who do what no group of organized volunteers or government provider can. The chapter takes on ... More


State of Emergency

George J. Annas

in Worst Case Bioethics: Death, Disaster, and Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195391732
eISBN:
9780190267650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195391732.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on the state of emergency as an all-purpose excuse for doing whatever one believes is right, whether government official, practicing physician, or simply a person wanting to ... More


Triage in Situations of Mass Casualty

Torbjörn Tännsjö

in Setting Health-Care Priorities: What Ethical Theories Tell Us

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190946883
eISBN:
9780190946913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946883.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In situations of mass casualty there is a need to tend to the medical supply side. We must contemplate whether, by saving one person rather than another, we affect the medical resources available to ... More


ethical conflicts of a complex humanitarian emergency: the last king of scotland

alan roth

in The Picture of Health: Medical Ethics and the Movies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199735365
eISBN:
9780190267520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199735365.003.0042
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the ethical implications of decisions made in the context of a complex humanitarian emergency, as seen in the film The Last King of Scotland (2006). The film tells the story of ... More


Providing Protection and Leveraged Reform

Robert Paul Churchill

in Women in the Crossfire: Understanding and Ending Honor Killing

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190468569
eISBN:
9780190468590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190468569.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This is the first of three chapters on protecting girls and women at risk and bringing about the end of honor killing. These short-term, emergency measures are understood as occurring while other ... More


Justice Pluralism: Resource Allocation in Medicine and Public Health1

Rosamond Rhodes

in Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744206
eISBN:
9780190267551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744206.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter rejects a single conception of justice as the way to make decisions about resource allocation in medicine and public health, and instead argues that there are several different theories ... More


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