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Economic Emergency Powers: A Comparative Law Perspective

Christina Binder and August Reinisch

in International Investment Law and Comparative Public Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589104
eISBN:
9780191595455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589104.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

The jurisprudence of investment tribunals in cases brought against Argentina in the context of the country's 2001/02 economic crisis show the potential and limits of the necessity defence as codified ... More


THE ECONOMIC EMERGENCY DEFENCE IN BILATERAL INVESTMENT TREATIES: A DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVE

Asif H. Qureshi

in International Investment Law for the 21st Century: Essays in Honour of Christoph Schreuer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199571345
eISBN:
9780191705472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571345.003.0033
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Private International Law

The existence of a national security escape clause in bilateral investment treaties (BITs) has given rise in investment arbitration to a number of concerns in terms of its scope, process of review, ... More


The Human Right to Non-discrimination

Moeckli Daniel

in Human Rights and Non-discrimination in the 'War on Terror'

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239801
eISBN:
9780191716829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239801.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter first sets out the sources of the right to equality and non-discrimination in international, regional, and national law. It then analyses the different tests used by international human ... More


Conclusion: The Wider Impacts of Discriminatory Anti-terrorism Measures

Moeckli Daniel

in Human Rights and Non-discrimination in the 'War on Terror'

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239801
eISBN:
9780191716829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239801.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter explores the wider impacts of anti-terrorism measures that involve distinctions according to criteria such as citizenship, nationality, ‘race’, national or ethnic origin, and religion. ... More


Human Rights Standards and the Free Movement of People Within States

Chaloka Beyani

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268215
eISBN:
9780191683459
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268215.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This book is an exposition of the standards of human rights, which are applicable to the right of freedom of movement and residence of people within states. Written from the standpoint of ... More


A European Security Constitution?

Kaarlo Tuori

in The Long Decade: How 9/11 Changed the Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199368327
eISBN:
9780199368358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368327.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

In this chapter, it is argued that in order to be able to talk of a European security constitution, we should be able to demonstrate that individual security-related treaty provisions are underpinned ... More


The Protection of Human Rights in Emergency Situations under Customary International Law

Jaime Oraá

in The Reality of International Law: Essays in Honour of Ian Brownlie

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268376
eISBN:
9780191683510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268376.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the provisions of customary international law concerning the protection of human rights in emergency situations. It discusses the derogation clause in human-rights treaties, ... More


Derogation of Freedom of Movement

Chaloka Beyani

in Human Rights Standards and the Free Movement of People Within States

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268215
eISBN:
9780191683459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268215.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

At times when nations are undergoing states of war or national emergency, it can be noticed that throughout history, States have veered away from the protection of human rights. The States attempt to ... More


Sovereignty in Foreign Investment Law

J.E. Vinuales

in The Foundations of International Investment Law: Bringing Theory into Practice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199685387
eISBN:
9780191765612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685387.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the notion of sovereignty in foreign investment law. It first sets out the idea that sovereignty is not a single legal concept but, rather, a mosaic of actionable legal concepts ... More


Security and Liberty: Critiques of the Trade-Off Thesis

Adrian Vermeule

in The Long Decade: How 9/11 Changed the Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199368327
eISBN:
9780199368358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368327.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

Terror in the Balance: Security, Liberty, and the Courts (2007) advances a “trade-off thesis”: there exists a security–liberty frontier, such that policies below the frontier can be changed so as to ... More


Signaling in Judgments

David Scharia

in Judicial Review of National Security

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199393367
eISBN:
9780199393398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199393367.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter discusses another specific communication technique used by the Court—signaling. Signaling is how the Court expresses its position on the constitutionality of a certain law or policy ... More


Judicial Review “under fire”

David Scharia

in Judicial Review of National Security

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199393367
eISBN:
9780199393398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199393367.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter discusses how the Israeli Supreme Court’s discursive approach to judicial review highly influences the manner in which judicial proceeding are conducted. It shows that unlike the ... More


Into International Executive Rule

Guy Fiti Sinclair

in To Reform the World: International Organizations and the Making of Modern States

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198757962
eISBN:
9780191817861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757962.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on the formulation of new rationales and techniques of international executive rule in connection with UN peacekeeping. It begins by reprising the key tenets of modernization ... More


Defense Support of Civil Authorities Responding to Natural and Man-Made Disasters

Kevin H. Govern

in U.S. Military Operations: Law, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199328574
eISBN:
9780199363193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199328574.003.0023
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter overviews the historic domestic laws and policies that are the foundations for U.S. defense support to U.S. civilian authorities, including but not limited to the Posse Comitatus Act. It ... More


Böckenförde’s Political Theory of the State

Mirjam Künkler and Tine Stein

in Constitutional and Political Theory: Selected Writings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198714965
eISBN:
9780191783135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714965.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

The chapter provides an introduction to the writings of Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde on the political theory of the state and gives an overview of the four articles included in Part I. Böckenförde sees ... More


The Repressed State of Emergency: The Exercise of State Authority in Extraordinary Circumstances [1978]

Mirjam Künkler and Tine Stein

in Constitutional and Political Theory: Selected Writings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198714965
eISBN:
9780191783135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714965.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

In this article Böckenförde argues in favour of constitutionalizing the possibility of a state of emergency instead of regulating it through normal law. The primary purpose of constitutions is to ... More


Biographical Interview with Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde [2011]

Mirjam Künkler and Tine Stein

in Constitutional and Political Theory: Selected Writings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198714965
eISBN:
9780191783135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714965.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

The chapter provides excerpts from an interview that historian Dieter Gosewinkel conducted with Böckenförde in 2009–10, covering Böckenförde’s personal and intellectual biography, his relationship to ... More


The Protection of Public Safety and Human Life vs the Inviolability of Mission Premises: A Dilemma Faced by the Receiving State

Yinan Bao

in Diplomatic Law in a New Millennium

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198795940
eISBN:
9780191837128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795940.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Private International Law

Inviolability of mission premises is not only one of the core provisions of the VCDR, but represents a long established rule of diplomatic law. At the same time, the absolute inviolability stipulated ... More


Emergencies

Evan J. Criddle and Evan Fox-Decent

in Fiduciaries of Humanity: How International Law Constitutes Authority

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199397921
eISBN:
9780199397945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199397921.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines how international human rights law responds to public emergencies. The fiduciary theory’s relational and deliberative conception of human rights explains why and under what ... More


A Short History of Panic Responses

Robert H. Wagstaff

in Terror Detentions and the Rule of Law: US and UK Perspectives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199301553
eISBN:
9780199344895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199301553.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Comparative Law

The United States and the United Kingdom have rich histories of panic and overreaching responses to events that appear to threaten national security. Both countries have a habit of giving the ... More


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