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National reconciliation efforts

Graciana del Castillo

in Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237739
eISBN:
9780191717239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237739.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

National reconciliation efforts include the disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) of former combatants and others affected by the war, demining, and the rehabilitation of basic ... More


War, Hunger, and Displacement: VOLUME 1

E. Wayne Nafziger, Frances Stewart, and Raimo Väyrynen (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297390
eISBN:
9780191685323
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297390.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Civil wars in developing countries are amongst the most significant sources of human suffering in the world today. Although there are many political analyses of these emergencies, this text studies ... More


War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

E. Wayne Nafziger, Frances Stewart, and Raimo Väyrynen (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Since the end of the Cold War, the number of civil wars in developing countries has escalated to the point where they are the most significant source of human suffering in the world today. Although ... More


Kenya: Economic Decline and Ethnic Politics  

JENI KLUGMAN

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Kenya has been known for its absence of violent conflicts, and this can be attributed to its independence – both certainly and absolutely – from its neighbouring countries. Kenya did not experience a ... More


Haiti: Towards the Abyss? Poverty, Dependence, and Resource Depletion

Mats Lundahl

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

News from Haiti has seldom been positive for the past four decades and it has always had bad press coverage. Though some errors have been corrected, the Haitian case is still considered as an ... More


El Salvador: Economic Disparities, External Intervention, and Civil Conflict

MANUEL PASTOR and JAMES K BOYCE

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Civil wars which occured during the 1980s in El Salvador were key factors in the complex humanitarian emergencies (CHE) that occured in the country. Economic slowdown during the 1980s, when commodity ... More


The South Caucasus: The Breakdown of the Soviet Empire  

RAIMO VÄYRYNEN and LEILA ALIEVA

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The Caucasus has been torn by conflicts since 1988, and some of these conflicts became large-scale wars due to the usage of heavy weapons. These relatively short wars resulted in major distractions, ... More


Weak States and Humanitarian Emergencies: Failure, Predation, and Rent-Seeking

RAIMO VÄYRYNEN

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Complex humanitarian emergencies are always assumed to be the end results of impersonal forces – such as economic stagnation, political decay, and natural disasters – which bring the nation to the ... More


Food Aid During Civil War: Conflicting Conclusions Derived from Alternative Approaches

Frances Stewart and Emma Samman

in War and Underdevelopment: Volume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241866
eISBN:
9780191696961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Food aid was initially intended as an instrument of development aid. In recent years, however, it has increasingly been used as part of emergency relief, with many of these emergencies originating ... More


Case Studies of Complex Humanitarian Emergencies: An Introduction

E. Wayne Nafziger, FRANCES STEWART, and RAIMO VÄYRYNEN

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

For the last two decades, causes of death of people around the world attributable to war and genocide have increased due to major wars around the world. Even after the Cold War, complex humanitarian ... More


Afghanistan: The Last Cold-War Conflict, the First Post-Cold-War Conflict

BARNETT R. RUBIN

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Afghanistan is one of the lowest-ranking countries in the United Nations index of human development outside Africa, being 170 out of 174. This is a result of continuous warfare for at least 20 years. ... More


Cambodia: Genocide, Autocracy, and the Overpoliticized State

Philippe Le Billon and Karen Bakker

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

During 1975–1979, under the Khmer Rouge regime, over 1.8 million people died due to hunger, disease or murder. Though there were numerous deaths even before the Khmer Rouge regime, these have been ... More


Iraq: Economic Embargo and Predatory Rule

ABBAS ALNASRAWI

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

After the end of the Gulf War on February 27, 1991, Iraq focused on the comprehensive economic embargo which the United Nations Security Council enforced on it as a result of its invasion of Kuwait. ... More


Burundi: The Long Sombre Shadow of Ethnic Instability

PATRICK D. GAFFNEY

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Burundi's crisis started back on October 21, 1993, by reason of a failed coup d'etat – an attack made by the military officers on the newly elected officials of the government. Due to this violence ... More


Somalia: The Struggle for Resources  

JUHA AUVINEN and TIMO KIVIMäKI

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Somalia is experiencing a truly complex humanitarian emergency, not only because its people are suffering from war, displacement, hunger, and disease, but also because these factors are complex in ... More


Liberia and Sierra Leone: The Competition for Patronage in Resource-Rich Economies

WILLIAM RENO

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

As a consequence of the collapse of Cold War-era patron–client politics, Liberia and Sierra Leone are cases of humanitarian emergencies. The humanitarian emergencies in both states are due to the ... More


Congo (Zaire): Corruption, Disintegration, and State Failure

N. F. Emizet Kisangani

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

When General Mobutu Sese Seko took over Congo on November 24, 1965 for 31 years, he practiced building the state by exercising terrorism and institutionalized corruption, and he did not mind that ... More


Aftermath

Gary B. Gorton and Ellis W. Tallman

in Fighting Financial Crises: Learning from the Past

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226479514
eISBN:
9780226479651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226479651.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

During a crisis, depositors thought the banking system might collapse, as indicated by the currency premium. But, in the aftermath of a crisis, there were very few clearing house member bank ... More


The Root Causes of Humanitarian Emergencies

FRANCES STEWART

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: VOLUME 1

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297390
eISBN:
9780191685323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297390.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explains the coverage of book, which is about the role war, hunger, and displacement as the main causes of humanitarian emergencies. This book examines the political and economic causes ... More


Complex Humanitarian Emergencies: Concepts and Issues

RAIMO VÄYRYNEN

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: VOLUME 1

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297390
eISBN:
9780191685323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297390.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the concepts and issues related to the so-called complex humanitarian emergencies. It explains that complex humanitarian emergencies are the ultimate manifestation of the ... More


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