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Emergence of Informal Groups of States

Jochen Prantl

in The UN Security Council and Informal Groups of States

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287680
eISBN:
9780191603723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287686.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the question of what triggered the emergence of informal groups of states in the form of the advisory committees in the 1950s, and argues that their establishment has to be seen ... More


The Scope of Inherent Powers

Louis Fisher

in The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217977
eISBN:
9780191711541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217977.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores the constitutional source of ‘inherent powers’. Firstly it analyzes what is meant by express, implied, and emergency powers. Then it examines closely the 1936 Supreme Court ... More


Non‐combatant Immunity and the Definition of Non‐innocence and Innocence

Uwe Steinhoff

in On the Ethics of War and Terrorism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217373
eISBN:
9780191712470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217373.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter tackles the question of why soldiers, allegedly, are legitimate targets and civilians not. Four approaches to the explanation of the difference are discussed: the moral guilt theory, the ... More


Palliative Care in the Home

Derek Doyle and David Jeffrey

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192632272
eISBN:
9780191730245
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632272.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Most people with far-advanced illness wish to be cared for at home for as long as possible. The challenge of providing good palliative care at home is therefore of major importance for family ... More


Conclusion: Humanitarian Intervention after 11 September

Jennifer M. Welsh

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This concluding chapter assesses the debate over humanitarian intervention in the light of the events of September 11, 2001. On the one hand, it can be argued that 9/11 has reversed the momentum ... More


The Appointment of a Prime Minister

Vernon Bogdanor

in The Monarchy and the Constitution

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293347
eISBN:
9780191598821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293348.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Normally, in a first past the post‐electoral system in which majority single‐party government is the rule, the sovereign has no choice as to who to call to the Palace. But, in cases of emergency—war ... More


Seizing the Initiative

Michael Banton

in International Action against Racial Discrimination

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280613
eISBN:
9780191598760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280610.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

With the election of new members in 1988 and with changes in external circumstances, CERD was able to take positive steps to improve its working methods and to agree that it would issue ‘concluding ... More


Reaction and Inattention Within the US Government

Arthur C. Helton

in The Price of Indifference: Refugees and Humanitarian Action in the New Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250318
eISBN:
9780191599477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250316.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

As evidenced in US government responses to humanitarian emergencies over the past decade, humanitarian considerations are often not taken into account sufficiently in military and political planning ... More


The Cold War Origins of the UNHCR Under Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart

Gil Loescher

in The UNHCR and World Politics: A Perilous Path

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246915
eISBN:
9780191599781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246912.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

UNHCR was created with a mandate for refugee protection and to provide solutions to refugee problems, but with practically no funds with which to carry out these functions. Despite the inauspicious ... More


Trust and Obligations: Why Some Mothers’ Support Networks Were Larger Than Their Friendship Networks

Mario Luis Small

in Unanticipated Gains: Origins of Network Inequality in Everyday Life

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195384352
eISBN:
9780199869893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384352.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines those conditions under which mothers who were so weakly tied that no theorist would expect them to provide social support often provided such support anyway. It finds that ... More


In the Line of Fire: Trauma in the Emergency Services

Cheryl Regehr and Ted Bober

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195165029
eISBN:
9780199864089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165029.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

In the wake of disaster, emergency service workers including police officers, firefighters, and paramedics are first on the scene and last to leave. Their heroic actions save lives, provide comfort ... More


The Struggle for a Public Sector: Pepfar in Mozambique

James Pfeiffer

in When People Come First: Critical Studies in Global Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157382
eISBN:
9781400846801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157382.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

The President's Emergency Program for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has significantly transformed the global health landscape by injecting $15 billion into HIV/AIDS care and treatment programs in twenty ... More


Emergency Operations Centers and Incident Management Structure

Jeffrey L. Bryant, Daniel M. Sosin, Tim W. Wiedrich, and Stephen C. Redd

in The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190933692
eISBN:
9780190624279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933692.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Domestically and internationally, Emergency Operation Centers and Incident Management Systems provide a structure and framework to coordinate preparedness and response activities. This chapter ... More


Economic Emergency Powers: A Comparative Law Perspective

Christina Binder and August Reinisch

in International Investment Law and Comparative Public Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589104
eISBN:
9780191595455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589104.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

The jurisprudence of investment tribunals in cases brought against Argentina in the context of the country's 2001/02 economic crisis show the potential and limits of the necessity defence as codified ... More


SETTING THE STAGE

CHERYL REGEHR and TED BOBER

in In the Line of Fire: Trauma in the Emergency Services

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195165029
eISBN:
9780199864089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165029.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This book is about everyday heroism. It is about the work that emergency responders do and the traumatic situations that they face when serving the public. It looks at factors at multiple levels that ... More


Jus in Bello, Guantanamo Bay, and the War on Terror

Alia Brahimi

in Jihad and Just War in the War on Terror

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199562961
eISBN:
9780191595059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562961.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

Examining questions of jus in bello, this chapter begins by applying the principles of proportionality and discrimination to the invasion of Iraq. The analysis then focuses on the Bush ... More


Critique of Security

Mark Neocleous

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748633289
eISBN:
9780748671984
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633289.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The contemporary political imagination and social landscape are saturated by the idea of security and thoughts of insecurity. This saturation has been accompanied by the emergence of a minor industry ... More


Good Business

Adam D. Reich

in Selling Our Souls: The Commodification of Hospital Care in the United States

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160405
eISBN:
9781400850372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160405.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter examines the link between Emergency Medical Incorporated's financial success and the quality of hospital care it ultimately was able to provide. Emergency Medical Incorporated, one of ... More


Constitutional Morality

André Béteille

in Democracy and Its Institutions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198080961
eISBN:
9780199082049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198080961.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Constitutional morality is important for constitutional laws to be effective. Without constitutional morality, the operation of a constitution tends to become arbitrary, erratic, and capricious. This ... More


Fresh problems

KEITH CULVER and MICHAEL GIUDICE

in Legality's Borders: An Essay in General Jurisprudence

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195370751
eISBN:
9780199775903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370751.003.006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter argues how the problems of continuity and identity, declared unsolved by Raz, are fundamentally altered. The old conceptions of the problems are thoroughly state-, official-, system-, ... More


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