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Political Choice in Britain

Harold D. Clarke, David Sanders, Marianne C. Stewart, and Paul Whiteley

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199244881
eISBN:
9780191601521
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924488X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Political Choice in Britain uses data from the 1964 to 2001 British election studies (BES), 1992 to 2002 monthly Gallup polls, and numerous other national surveys conducted over the past ... More


Valence Politics

Harold D. Clarke, David Sanders, Marianne C. Stewart, and Paul Whiteley

in Political Choice in Britain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199244881
eISBN:
9780191601521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924488X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Restates the argument that British electoral politics over the past 40 years can be best understood using a valence politics model. The three major predictors of electoral choice–leadership images, ... More


Understanding and Applying Analytic Tools

Ross C. Brownson, Elizabeth A. Baker, Terry L. Leet, Kathleen N. Gillespie, and William R. True

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195397895
eISBN:
9780199827183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195397895.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes several useful tools for evidence-based public health practice. The chapter has five main parts. First, it describes some context and processes for developing systematic ... More


Economic evaluation of public health interventions

Susan Griffin, Nigel Rice, and Mark Sculpher

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.08
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Economic evaluation is increasingly used to provide a formal, explicit and transparent framework for informing decisions about allocating public funds in the health care sector. By utilizing economic ... More


Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Wendy Ungar (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

As the conduct of health economic evaluations to inform health budget decision-making becomes more common, the special challenges of measuring costs and health consequences in children, from neonate ... More


The role of health economics

Julie Hearn

in Palliative Day Care in Practice

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631831
eISBN:
9780191730221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631831.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Different health care interventions have different costs and consequences. The aim of an economic evaluation of health care interventions and organisation is to set out the options available to ... More


Understanding and Using the Economic Evidence

Stephanie Zaza, Peter A. Briss, and Kate W. Harris

in The Guide to Community Preventive Services: What works to promote health?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195151091
eISBN:
9780199864973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151091.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter addresses the rationale and value of systematic reviews of economic evaluations, describes the methods used by the Community Guide to conduct such reviews, and provides information to ... More


The Role of Economic Evaluation in Dissemination and Implementation Research

Ramesh Raghavan

in Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health: Translating Science to Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751877
eISBN:
9780199933242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751877.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an overview of how dissemination and implementation (D&I) research can be evaluated from an economic point of view. It begins with a brief review of economic concepts followed ... More


Principles of economic evaluation

Sarah Willis

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Economic evaluation is an explicit way of valuing an intervention in terms of its opportunity cost. It is a transparent framework that helps determine the relationship between outcomes, in terms of ... More


Economic evaluation of health promotion interventions

Warren Stevens

in Evaluating Health Promotion: Practice and Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199569298
eISBN:
9780191594427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569298.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Economic evaluation can show health promotion interventions in their true light — as a valuable source of investment in health in comparison with traditional health care. This chapter touches on the ... More


The limits and challenges to the economic evaluation of health technologies

Adam Oliver and Corinna Sorenson

in The Economics of New Health Technologies: Incentives, organization, and financing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199550685
eISBN:
9780191720543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550685.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter reviews some of the concerns raised against the use of economic evaluation in the decision-making process, from a wide range of disciplinary and stakeholder perspectives. It offers some ... More


Understanding and Applying Analytic Tools

ROSS C. BROWNSON, ELIZABETH A. BAKER, TERRY L. LEET, and KATHLEEN N. GILLESPIE

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195143768
eISBN:
9780199865581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143768.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes several tools for evidence-based public health practice. The chapter is organized as follows. First, it describes some context and processes for developing systematic reviews ... More


Equity issues: going beyond CBA and ICER

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199237814
eISBN:
9780191717215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237814.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses distributive implications of some parameters inside the economic evaluation formulae, as well as some priority-relevant issues that lie outside these formulae. It argues that ... More


Economics applied to respiratory supportive care

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the application of economic analysis in supportive care for patients with respiratory diseases. It discusses the notion and purpose of an economic evaluation and sets out the ... More


Opening communities to colonization – the impacts of invaders on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning

Katharina Engelhardt, Amy Symstad, Anne-Helene Prieur-Richard, Matthew Thomas, and Daniel E. Bunker

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Research on the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning typically varies biodiversity levels by establishing communities that are subsets of the species in the high diversity ... More


The contribution of cost-effectiveness analysis

Guy Harling and Lee Soderstrom

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Organizations worldwide are struggling to cope with the HIV pandemic. They are confronted by a scarcity of resources that is particularly acute in Africa and other developing countries. This chapter ... More


Implications of Economic Evaluations for National HIV Prevention Policy Makers

David R. Holtgrave and Steven D. Pinkerton

in Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300087512
eISBN:
9780300128222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300087512.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Policy makers in federal, state, local, and community levels that are involved in HIV prevention planning require answers to key questions so that their decisions are based on scientifically sound ... More


Evaluating Structural Interventions

B Hensen, S Dringus, R Eakle, M Remme, and J Hargreaves

in Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention: Optimizing Strategies for Reducing New Infections and Improving Care

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190675486
eISBN:
9780190675509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190675486.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Evaluating structural interventions to understand whether they are effective, for whom, and in what context is critical to determining whether, where, and how to deliver structural interventions at ... More


The Role of Economic Evaluation in Dissemination and Implementation Research

Ramesh Raghavan

in Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health: Translating Science to Practice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190683214
eISBN:
9780190683245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190683214.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter presents an overview of how D&I research can be evaluated from an economic point of view. Dissemination and implementation imposes costs upon knowledge purveyors, provider organizations, ... More


The Advanced Technology Program’s Intramural Research Awards Program

Albert N. Link and John T. Scott

in Public Goods, Public Gains: Calculating the Social Benefits of Public R&D

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199729685
eISBN:
9780199894697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199729685.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter begins with a legislative history of the Advanced Technology Program, including a discussion with its organizational structure. Then, the findings from an economic evaluation of the ... More


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