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Working memory and executive control

Alan Baddeley and Sergio Della Sala

in The Prefrontal Cortex: Executive and Cognitive Functions

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524410
eISBN:
9780191689192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524410.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter introduces the term ‘dysexecutive syndrome’ as a functional description of a pattern of behaviour that explicitly leaves open its anatomical underpinning. It also discusses the major ... More


The attentional blink and task switching within and across modalities

Marvine M. Chun and Mary C. Potter

in The Limits of Attention: Temporal Constraints in Human Information Processing

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505150
eISBN:
9780191686818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505150.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The visual attentional blink (AB) effect represents a limit in the speed with which visual targets—which are vulnerable to masking — can be consolidated into working memory or awareness: a second ... More


The attentional blink bottleneck

Pierre Jolicœur, Roberto DellʼAcqua, and Jacquelyn M. Crebolder

in The Limits of Attention: Temporal Constraints in Human Information Processing

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505150
eISBN:
9780191686818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505150.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The attentional blink (AB) phenomenon can be succinctly defined as an increase in the difficulty of reporting a second (masked) target that follows (after a short delay) a first target that required ... More


Perceptual and central interference in dual-task performance

Eric Ruthruff and Harold E. Pashler

in The Limits of Attention: Temporal Constraints in Human Information Processing

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505150
eISBN:
9780191686818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505150.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Humans often experience difficulty when asked to perform multiple tasks at the same time. Two of the better-known forms of dual-task interference are the attentional blink (AB) effect and the ... More


Multiple sources of interference in dual-task performance: the cases of the attentional blink and the psychological refractory period

Steven J. Luck and Edward K. Vogel

in The Limits of Attention: Temporal Constraints in Human Information Processing

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505150
eISBN:
9780191686818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505150.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter aims to describe electrophysiological evidence indicating that interference in the attentional blink paradigm occurs at an earlier stage than interference in the psychological refractory ... More


Cross-modal interactions in dual-task paradigms

Karen M. Arnell

in The Limits of Attention: Temporal Constraints in Human Information Processing

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505150
eISBN:
9780191686818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505150.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on examining cross-modal effects in dual-task temporal attention experiments. The evidence for specific sources of interference (such as within-modality processing) and general ... More


Attention to action

R. E. Passingham

in The Prefrontal Cortex: Executive and Cognitive Functions

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524410
eISBN:
9780191689192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524410.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the changes that occur in the brain when a motor task is learned and then practiced until it has become automatic. This chapter describes two studies conducted to understand ... More


Learning, Cognitive Training, and Cognitive Stimulation

Pamela M. Greenwood and Raja Parasuraman

in Nurturing the Older Brain and Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017145
eISBN:
9780262301336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017145.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents studies on the importance of cognitive training in maintaining benefits of cognitive functioning. The importance of cognitive training for the brain integrity and cognitive ... More


Age-related Differences in the Speed of Executive Control

Paul Verhaeghen

in The Elements of Cognitive Aging: Meta-Analyses of Age-Related Differences in Processing Speed and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780195368697
eISBN:
9780199369171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368697.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The meta-analyses presented in this chapter lead to two empirical conclusions. First, at the level of absolute age differences—the level older adults deal with in their daily lives, and also the ... More


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