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Child health in developing countries/the majority world

Mitch Blair, Sarah Stewart-Brown, Tony Waterston, and Rachel Crowther

in Child Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199547500
eISBN:
9780191720123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547500.003.002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter addresses the connections between child health in the developed and developing world. It offers an international perspective on children in society and their health, explores the complex ... More


Prevalence/Incidence, Risk Factors, and Future Burden of Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational Diabetes in Developing Countries

Chittaranjan S. Yajnik, Terrence Forrester, Kaushik Ramaiya, Nikhil Tandon, Shailaja Kale, and Marshall Tulloch-Reid

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses some of the issues related to the three most common types of diabetes (type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes) that are particularly relevant to developing countries. The ... More


Delivery of genetic services in developing countries

Victor B. Penchaszadeh

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the priorities and organization of genetic services in the developing world against the background of the realities of underdevelopment. To define goals for genetic services in ... More


The potential of food regulation as a policy instrument for obesity prevention in developing countries

Mark Lawrence

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter analyses the potential of food regulation as a policy instrument for obesity prevention in developing countries. Following a review of the scope of food regulation, it provides an ... More


Pharmaceuticals and the health sector

Prashant Yadav, Richard D. Smith, and Kara Hanson

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0061
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter consolidates existing knowledge around the role, structure, and improvement levers of pharmaceutical systems, and reviews issues facing the pharmaceutical component of health sectors in ... More


Diabetes Prevention and Control Programs in Developing Countries

Ambady Ramachandran and Chamukuttan Snehalatha

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0026
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses diabetes prevention and control in developing countries. Diabetes is a major health care burden in both developed and developing countries. There is evidence from well-planned, ... More


A role for problem-based learning in higher education in the developing world

Gerard Majoor and Han Aarts

in Lessons from Problem-based Learning

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583447
eISBN:
9780191594519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583447.003.0026
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

There is growing agreement about the need urgently and significantly to increase the quantitative capacity of higher education institutions in developing countries. At the same time education ... More


The Role Global Labor Standards Could Play in Addressing Basic Needs

KIMBERLY ANN ELLIOTT and RICHARD B. FREEMAN

in Global Inequalities at Work: Work's Impact on the Health of Individuals, Families, and Societies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150865
eISBN:
9780199865222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150865.003.012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The current discourse on globalization has tended to treat free trade and better working conditions as fundamentally at odds. This chapter argues that free trade and labor standards are ... More


Poverty and inequalities in health within developing countries: filling the information gap

David A. Leon and Gill Walt

in Poverty, Inequality, and Health: An International Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192631961
eISBN:
9780191723599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631961.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the lack of and limited use of data on poor–rich health inequalities and the health of the poor, especially in developing countries. It summarizes existing data and ongoing ... More


Children’s health in developing countries: issues of coping, child neglect and marginalization

David A. Leon and Gill Walt

in Poverty, Inequality, and Health: An International Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192631961
eISBN:
9780191723599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631961.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a conceptual model to help understand the variables that play a role in the complex scenario of child neglect in poor communities in developing countries, their social ... More


Determinants of the HIV pandemic in developing countries

Eileen Stillwaggon

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

It is no coincidence that the highest prevalence of HIV and the highest rates of increase in HIV infection are in countries with a myriad of other problems. The majority of people living with HIV and ... More


Social marketing in developing countries

William A Smith

in Social Marketing and Public Health: Theory and practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199550692
eISBN:
9780191720413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550692.003.21
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Social marketing designs products or services to meet the special needs of poor people. This chapter focuses on this unique contribution of social marketing, developed out of the necessity to ... More


Poverty, Inequality, and Health: An International Perspective

David Leon and Gill Walt (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192631961
eISBN:
9780191723599
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631961.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book raises new and critical issues about health inequalities. It provides an international perspective on this problem, with contributions from the developed and developing world. The outcome ... More


Surveillance in Low-Resource Settings: Challenges and Opportunities in the Current Context of Global Health

Michael E. St. Louis, Henry Walke, Helen Perry, Peter Nsubuga, Mark E. White, and Scott Dowell

in Principles & Practice of Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195372922
eISBN:
9780199866090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372922.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the application of specific principles to the practice of public health surveillance in the developing world. While the fundamental principles of public health surveillance do ... More


The Rapid Shifts in Stages of the Nutrition Transition: The Global Obesity Epidemic

Barry M. Popkin and Michelle Mendez

in Globalization and Health

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172997
eISBN:
9780199865659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172997.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the types of shifts in food availability, dietary intake patterns, and obesity that have taken place in developing countries during a period of rapid globalization and ... More


Coronary heart disease mortality attributable to smoking: global and regional estimates for 2000

M. Ezzati and A. D. Lopez

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter employs the indirect smoking impact ratio method (Peto et al. 1992), which uses absolute lung cancer mortality in a population as a marker for accumulated hazards of smoking, to estimate ... More


Turning the world on its ear: defining milestones on the road to HAART

Michel D. Kazatchkine and Lieve Fransen

in A Decade of HAART: The Development and Global Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199225859
eISBN:
9780191723834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter looks back at some of the milestones on the road to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the developed and developing world, recognizing the remarkable progress that has been ... More


Health impact assessment in developing countries

Gary Krieger, Burton Singer, Mirko Winkler, Mark Divall, Marcel Tanner, and Jürg Utzinger

in Health Impact Assessment: Past Achievement, Current Understanding, and Future Progress

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656011
eISBN:
9780191748028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0029
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health impact assessment (HIA) is an approach that holds promise to raise the profile of health within the policy formation and programme planning and assessment cycle in the extractive industries in ... More


Recent Developments in Health Information: An International Perspective

Jennifer Zelmer, Shazeen Virani, and Jennifer Walker

in Health Statistics: Shaping policy and practice to improve the population's health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149289
eISBN:
9780199865130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of the status of recent developments in health information at a national level in selected developed countries, including common strategies, trends, and future ... More


The contribution of cost-effectiveness analysis

Guy Harling and Lee Soderstrom

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Organizations worldwide are struggling to cope with the HIV pandemic. They are confronted by a scarcity of resources that is particularly acute in Africa and other developing countries. This chapter ... More


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