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Diversity Dilemmas in Democratic Representation

Kristin Kanthak and George A. Krause

in The Diversity Paradox: Parties, Legislatures, and the Organizational Foundations of Representation in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891726
eISBN:
9780199933433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891726.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter outlines The Diversity Paradox - the notion that the power a minority group wields in a political organization may actually decrease as the group’s numbers increase. It explains the ... More


The Diversity Paradox: Parties, Legislatures, and the Organizational Foundations of Representation in America

Kristin Kanthak and George Krause

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891726
eISBN:
9780199933433
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891726.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

“From the Iraqi Parliament to the U.S. House of Representatives, policymakers and scholars alike have long argued that it is critical that the composition of elected assemblies represent the ... More


The Organizational Foundations of Democratic Representation

Kristin Kanthak

in The Diversity Paradox: Parties, Legislatures, and the Organizational Foundations of Representation in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891726
eISBN:
9780199933433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891726.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter concludes the book and provides some closing thoughts. The chapter explains how the results in the book indicate that the link between descriptive and substantive representation may not ... More


A Multifaceted Approach to the Study of Black Descriptive Representation

Christopher J. Clark

in Gaining Voice: The Causes and Consequences of Black Representation in the American States

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190933562
eISBN:
9780190933593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933562.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

This chapter motivates the book’s importance, talking specifically about the relevance of a multifaceted approach to the study of black state legislators in the 21st century. The descriptive ... More


State Takeovers and Black and Latino Political Empowerment

Domingo Morel

in Takeover: Race, Education, and American Democracy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190678975
eISBN:
9780190679019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190678975.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

How is black and Latino representation affected by state takeovers of local government? Since racial minorities have had a complex history in the struggle between local autonomy and centralized ... More


The Future of Women’s Office Holding

in More Women Can Run: Gender and Pathways to the State Legislatures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199322428
eISBN:
9780199367641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199322428.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter summarizes the book’s findings and discusses the real-world and scholarly implications. It argues that practitioners would do well to shift their focus from individual women to the ... More


Theories of Representation

Robert M. Alexander

in Representation and the Electoral College

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190939427
eISBN:
9780190939465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190939427.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

This chapter details applicable theories of representation relative to the Electoral College. It examines how representation has been operationalized over time, paying specific attention to Hannah ... More


Symbolic Empowerment: Trailblazers and Torchbearers

Evelyn M. Simien

in Historic Firsts: How Symbolic Empowerment Changes U.S. Politics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199314171
eISBN:
9780190275099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199314171.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

By introducing the concept of symbolic empowerment, the chapter bridges the scholarly literature on descriptive and symbolic representation. In it, the chapter argues that historic candidacies change ... More


Introduction

Melody E. Valdini

in The Inclusion Calculation: Why Men Appropriate Women's Representation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190936198
eISBN:
9780190936235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190936198.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

Chapter 1 provides a brief overview of the central theory of this book: women’s political representation depends in part on whether men in power see a benefit to associating their political party or ... More


Minority Voting Rights in Historical Context

Vanessa C. Tyson

in Twists of Fate: Multiracial Coalitions and Minority Representation in the US House of Representatives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190250928
eISBN:
9780190250942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190250928.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 3 is devoted to detailing the long and complex history of racial minority participation and representation—or, indeed, lack thereof—in the US legislative process, from the Reconstruction ... More


Mapping the Modes of Mobilization

Sangay K. Mishra

in Desis Divided: The Political Lives of South Asian Americans

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780816681150
eISBN:
9781452954271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816681150.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 4 identifies three major modes of political engagement relying on selective elite mobilization: the trend of descriptive representation from white majority districts, the prominence of ... More


What’s Happened to the Gender Gap in Political Participation?: How Might We Explain It?

Nancy Burns, Kay Lehman Schlozman, Ashley Jardina, Shauna Shames, and Sidney Verba

in 100 Years of the Nineteenth Amendment: An Appraisal of Women's Political Activism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190265144
eISBN:
9780190265175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190265144.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

At some point in the middle of the first decade of the twenty-first century, a stubbornly persistent gender gap in US political activity more or less vanished, fulfilling one part of the aspiration ... More


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