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Hohlraum targets

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Hohlraum targets are a special class of ICF targets, in which capsule ablation is driven by the thermal radiation inside a cavity, the so-called hohlraum. In this scheme, the laser or ion beams do ... More


The Quantum nature of light

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins with a survey of early experimental results — the Planck spectrum, the photoelectric effect, and Compton scattering — that are usually presented as evidence for the existence of ... More


Nondegenerate, three‐wave mixing with Josephson junctions

M.H. Devoret, A. Kamal, and B. Abdo

in Fluctuating Nonlinear Oscillators: From Nanomechanics to Quantum Superconducting Circuits

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691388
eISBN:
9780191742255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691388.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Non-linear microwave devices based on Josephson tunnel junctions and operating near the quantum limit have so far been based on SQUIDS and degenerate parametrically pumped oscillators, or related ... More


Quantum information processing and quantum optics devices

Christian Kurtsiefer and Antía Lamas Linares

in Ultracold Gases and Quantum Information: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School in Singapore: Volume 91, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603657
eISBN:
9780191729515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603657.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter presents the basic concepts necessary to use photons as physical implementations of qubits. It starts with a traditional field quantization approach in the optical domain, where it puts ... More


Evaluation of a Wapin Bridge Conversion

David M. Koenig

in Spectral Analysis of Musical Sounds with Emphasis on the Piano

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198722908
eISBN:
9780191789571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722908.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

On conventional piano bridges there are two pins that are staggered and inserted at angles to give the strings side bearing and to hold them tightly so they will contact the bridge and transmit the ... More


Third-Order Nonlinear (Four-Wave) Frequency Mixing

Guang S. He

in Nonlinear Optics and Photonics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198702764
eISBN:
9780191772368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702764.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Coherent light emission with new frequencies can be generated upon the action of three incident coherent waves in a third-order nonlinear optical medium. This is the so-called four-wave frequency ... More


Laser action

Peter Blood

in Quantum Confined Laser Devices: Optical gain and recombination in semiconductors

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199644513
eISBN:
9780191810329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644513.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Laser action arises from round-trip, coherent amplification of light brought about by optical feedback due to reflection at the end mirrors, initiated by emission coupled into the mode specified by ... More


Classical Kinetic Theory

Klaus Morawetz

in Interacting Systems far from Equilibrium: Quantum Kinetic Theory

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198797241
eISBN:
9780191838743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797241.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The classical non-ideal gas shows that the two original concepts of the pressure based of the motion and the forces have eventually developed into drift and dissipation contributions. Collisions of ... More


Spin Seebeck effect

K. Uchida, R. Ramos, and E. Saitoh

in Spin Current

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198787075
eISBN:
9780191829147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787075.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 18 This chapter discusses the spin Seebeck effect (SSE), which stands for the generation of a spin current, a flow of spinangular momentum, as a result of a temperature gradient in magnetic ... More


The biochemical standard state

Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

in Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198782957
eISBN:
9780191826177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782957.003.0023
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Applying thermodynamics to biological systems requires the use of the biochemical standard state. Many texts do not mention the biochemical standard state, and most of those that do dismiss it in ... More


Light Absorption

Michael E. Mackay

in Solar Energy: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199652105
eISBN:
9780191801969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652105.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Light absorption and how it generates electrical current or heat is discussed. The amount of light absorbed, and its relation to the absorption spectrum is considered, to demonstrate how much current ... More


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