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Natural Capital, Resource Dependency, and Poverty in Developing Countries: The Problem of ‘Dualism within Dualism’

López Ramón and Michael A. Toman

in Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: New Policy Options

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199298006
eISBN:
9780191603877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199298009.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

There are currently two types of ‘dualism’ in patterns of resource use within developing countries that are relevant to the problem of resource degradation and poverty. The first ‘dualism’ concerns ... More


Two‐Tier Systems

Gilles Saint‐Paul

in The Political Economy of Labour Market Institutions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293323
eISBN:
9780191596841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293321.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Studies the role of two‐tier systems in generating consensus for a reform that would be otherwise repelled. It is shown that if exposure to unemployment is initially too low, such strategy will fail ... More


Cash Management

Lorenzo A. Preve and Virginia Sarria-Allende

in Working Capital Management

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199737413
eISBN:
9780199775637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737413.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter summarizes the factors a financial manager needs to take into account with respect to a firm's cash management policy. We begin with a brief discussion of the various motives for holding ... More


The American Economics Profession

Donald W. Katzner

in At the Edge of Camelot: Debating Economics in Turbulent Times

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199765355
eISBN:
9780199896806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765355.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter summarizes the evolution of the American economics profession from 1885 to the present. It notes the efforts to suppress the free cultivation of ideas, in particular those associated ... More


From Industrialization to Urbanization: The Social Consequences of Changing Fiscal Incentives on Local Governments’ Behavior 1

James Kai-sing Kung, Chenggang Xu, and Feizhou Zhou

in Law and Economics with Chinese Characteristics: Institutions for Promoting Development in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199698547
eISBN:
9780191745522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698547.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Since 1978, fiscal decentralization—as a key component of regional decentralization—has powerfully induced local governments to develop the economies under their jurisdiction, but at the expense of ... More


Global Agriculture and Land Use Changes in the Twenty-First Century: Achieving a Balance between Food Security, Urban Diets, and Nature Conservation

Ximena Rueda and Eric F. Lambin

in The Evolving Sphere of Food Security

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199354054
eISBN:
9780199398959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354054.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Although most gains in food production during the past half-century have come from agricultural intensification, natural ecosystem conversion has also been rapid, leading to the oft-cited trade-off ... More


Good Strategies for Wealth Management and Income Production in Retirement

Gaobo Pang

in Retirement Income: Risks and Strategies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016933
eISBN:
9780262301596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016933.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter focuses on a particularly promising strategic approach to wealth distribution in retirement—the combination of withdrawals from mutual funds with a series of immediate life annuity ... More


The Concept

K. Seeta Prabhu and Sandhya S. Iyer

in Human Development in an Unequal World

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780199490240
eISBN:
9780199095681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199490240.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explains in detail the notions of ‘functionings’ and ‘capabilities’. It discusses the multi-layered phenomena of capabilities in the form of as threshold, internal, external, and complex ... More


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