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Reconsidering Gottfredson and Hirschi's General Theory of Crime: Linking the Micro- and Macro-Level Sources of Self-Control and Criminal Behavior over the Life Course

Travis C. Pratt

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Since its arrival on the criminological scene, an impressive roster of studies has emerged supporting Gottfredson and Hirschi's (1990) core theoretical proposition—that criminal behavior is caused by ... More


Psychophysics and analysis

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Many psychophysical and analytic procedures have been used to investigate the visual perception of depth. This chapter provides a general introduction to these procedures. Topics discussed include ... More


Is hypnotic responding the strategic relinquishment of metacognition?

Zoltán Dienes

in Foundations of Metacognition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646739
eISBN:
9780191745867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646739.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

According to the ‘cold control theory’ of Dienes and Perner (2007) hypnotic responding is intimately linked to metacognition. Specifically, we proposed that what makes a hypnotic response hypnotic is ... More


Evolutionary Psychology and Criminal Behavior

Anthony Walsh

in Missing the Revolution: Darwinism for social scientists

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195130027
eISBN:
9780199893874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130027.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Criminological theories may be complemented and extended by incorporating biosocial concepts into them. Evolutionary psychology emphasizes that individuals pursue their self-interest in a variety of ... More


Intersectional Identities and Stigma Recovery: Affective and Cognitive Responses to Unethical Prosocial Events

Maria C. Ramos, Lynn Smith-Lovin, and Bethany Young

in Identities in Everyday Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190873066
eISBN:
9780190873097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873066.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Unethical behaviors (e.g., stealing) are viewed more positively when they benefit someone other than the unethical actor. Scholars argue actors can use this “prosociality” effect to restore their ... More


Identity Meanings and Categorical Inequality

Kimberly B. Rogers

in Identities in Everyday Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190873066
eISBN:
9780190873097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873066.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

I use affect control theory (ACT) to show how we apply cultural knowledge to classify and form impressions of the people we encounter, producing inequality as widely shared cultural beliefs are ... More


Theoretical Perspectives to Studying the Development of Relational Aggression

Stephanie A. Godleski

in The Development of Relational Aggression

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190491826
eISBN:
9780190491840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190491826.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Theoretical models for the development of relational aggression are reviewed, and the evidence in support of these models is briefly discussed. The central goal is to provide an overview of ... More


Affect Control Theory: How Do Cultures Draw Moral Lines?

Steven Hitlin and Sarah K. Harkness

in Unequal Foundations: Inequality, Morality, and Emotions across Cultures

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190465407
eISBN:
9780190862435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190465407.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter draws on the theoretical and methodological insights from Affect Control theory (ACT), a theory with decades of research and empirical support, to set up our cross-cultural analyses ... More


Methodology and a Description of the Data

Steven Hitlin and Sarah K. Harkness

in Unequal Foundations: Inequality, Morality, and Emotions across Cultures

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190465407
eISBN:
9780190862435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190465407.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter provides a primer on ACT data and analysis strategies provided by Interact, the computerized version of ACT. First, it describes the data sources for the Interact simulations before ... More


Empirical Analysis

Steven Hitlin and Sarah K. Harkness

in Unequal Foundations: Inequality, Morality, and Emotions across Cultures

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190465407
eISBN:
9780190862435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190465407.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 9 presents our empirical results. The chapter begins with a description of the competing theories’ predictions for how the countries under analysis (the United States, China, Germany, Japan, ... More


Conclusion

Steven Hitlin and Sarah K. Harkness

in Unequal Foundations: Inequality, Morality, and Emotions across Cultures

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190465407
eISBN:
9780190862435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190465407.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The book concludes with this chapter summarizing the general argument, hopefully more compelling in light of our empirical support. Ultimately, we call for researchers to adopt alternate empirical ... More


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