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Improving Health Through the Development and Management of Habits

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The ways in which healthy habits are formed and maintained over time, as well as the ways in which health-harmful habits can be extinguished, are the topics of this chapter. The principles of ... More


Towards a theory of proprioception as a bodily basis for consciousness in music

Alicia Peñalba Acitores

in Music and Consciousness: Philosophical, Psychological, and Cultural Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199553792
eISBN:
9780191728617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553792.003.0066
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter highlights the importance of the body as a basis for consciousness. The first section addresses primary consciousness as a source of awareness in the perception of ongoing musical ... More


Things You Always Wanted to Know About Conditioning But Were Afraid to Ask

Todd R. Schachtman and Steve Reilly

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes significant developments in the field of conditioning and associative learning over the last forty or so years (e.g., the emergence of cognitive views, potential associative ... More


Learning and Anxiety

Peter F. Lovibond

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0037
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Traditionally, it has been assumed that associative learning is carried out by a low-level, reflexive, unconscious system, and accordingly associative explanations of clinical disorders have focused ... More


Developmental Origins of Biological Motion Perception

Willem E. Frankenhuis, H. Clark Barrett,, and Scott P. Johnson

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Newborn infants have a special affinity for motion. It is not surprising, therefore, that the perception of biological motion has an important role in the early development of infants. This chapter ... More


Frequency, contingency and the information processing theory of conditioning

C. R. Gallistel

in Etc. Frequency Processing and Cognition

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508632
eISBN:
9780191687365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508632.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The framework provided by Claude Shannon's (1948) theory of information leads to a far-reaching, more quantitatively oriented reconceptualization of the processes that mediate what is commonly called ... More


Adaptive illusions: optimism, control, and human rationality

DANIEL NETTLE

in Emotion, Evolution, and Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528975
eISBN:
9780191689604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528975.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers the relationship between emotions and deliberative rationality. It argues that there are evolutionary reasons to think that emotions are in some cases likely systematically to ... More


Behavioristic, Cognitive, Biological, and Quantitative Explanations of Timing

Russell M. Church

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

There are many types of explanations for the results of experimental studies of animal behavior, including behavioristic, cognitive, ... More


Through the looking glass: a dynamic lens model approach to multiple cue probability learning

Maarten Speekenbrink and David R. Shanks

in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers a probabilistic perspective on a classic problem of human contingency learning: finding the relationships between a category or outcome, for which there are several ... More


Why a rat is not a beast machine

Anthony Dickinson

in Frontiers of Consciousness: Chichele Lectures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233151
eISBN:
9780191696596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233151.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter investigates whether or not the laboratory rat is phenomenally conscious. The criterion for phenomenal consciousness is that the animal should be capable of goal-directed action. ... More


On Knowing and Being Known in the 4-Month Origins of Disorganized Attachment: An Emerging Presymbolic Theory of Mind

Beatrice Beebe, Sara Markese, Lorraine Bahrick, Frank Lachmann, Karen Buck, Henian Chen, Patricia Cohen, Howard Andrews, and Joseph Jaffe

in Agency and Joint Attention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199988341
eISBN:
9780199346295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988341.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

A microanalysis of 4-month mother–infant face-to-face interaction was used to predict 12-month infant attachment classifications of disorganized (N = 17) versus secure (N = 47) in a community sample. ... More


Leadership within Virtual Contexts

Crystal L. Hoyt

in The Social Net: Understanding our online behavior

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199639540
eISBN:
9780191747748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639540.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter provides an overview of leadership within virtual contexts with a particular focus on relevant theories and empirical research. The chapter opens with a discussion of some of the leading ... More


Impulsivity and Its Association with Treatment Development for Pathological Gambling and Substance Use Disorders

Nancy M. Petry

in What Is Addiction?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513111
eISBN:
9780262288248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513111.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the diagnosis and prevalence rates of pathological gambling, including its link with substance use disorders, and also discusses studies evaluating constructs of impulsivity in ... More


Perceived Control and Depression: Forty Years of Research

Liza M. Rubenstein, Lauren B. Alloy, and Lyn Y. Abramson

in Perceived Control: Theory, Research, and Practice in the First 50 Years

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190257040
eISBN:
9780190634834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190257040.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter chronicles the history of research on judgments of contingency and control, with a focus on the effects of depression on perceived control. The chapter discusses how Alloy and Abramson ... More


Seven Guideposts to the Study of Perceived Control Across the Lifespan

Ellen A. Skinner

in Perceived Control: Theory, Research, and Practice in the First 50 Years

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190257040
eISBN:
9780190634834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190257040.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In celebration of the 50th anniversary of Julian Rotter’s seminal paper, this chapter gathers up important lessons learned about locus of control and other control-related constructs, including ... More


Structures of sensorimotor engagement

Ezequiel A. Di Paolo, Thomas Buhrmann, and Xabier E. Barandiaran

in Sensorimotor Life: An enactive proposal

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198786849
eISBN:
9780191836862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786849.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

The idea of lawful relations between sensory and motor patterns, or sensorimotor contingencies (SMCs), lies at the heart of sensorimotor approaches to perception. Yet despite the concept’s ... More


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