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The Mind Possessed: The Cognition of Spirit Possession in an Afro-Brazilian Religious Tradition

Emma E. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323351
eISBN:
9780199785575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323351.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

The Mind Possessed examines spirit concepts and mediumistic practices from a cognitive scientific perspective. Drawing primarily, but not exclusively, from ethnographic data collected ... More


Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Todd Tremlin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book provides an introduction to the cognitive science of religion, a new discipline of study that explains the origins and persistence of religious ideas and behavior on the basis of evolved ... More


Spirituality in the Flesh: Bodily Sources of Religious Experiences

Robert C. Fuller

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195369175
eISBN:
9780199871186
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369175.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book examines the biological underpinnings of religion. We can only experience, the book argues, what our bodies allow us to experience. As a consequence, religious thought and feeling are ... More


Supernatural Agents: Why We Believe in Souls, Gods, and Buddhas

Ilkka Pyysiäinen

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380026
eISBN:
9780199869046
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380026.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book provides a cognitive scientific perspective to beliefs about supernatural agents. First, human intuitions about agents, agency, and counterintuitive concepts are outlined and explained. ... More


 Teaching the Cognitive Approach

Theodore Vial

in Teaching Ritual

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195176452
eISBN:
9780199785308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176452.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The cognitive science of religion — relatively new and exciting to some and irritating and controversial to others in equal measure — is only now gaining recognition as a scholarly subject within ... More


Empathy and Human Experience

Evan Thompson

in Science, Religion, and the Human Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195175325
eISBN:
9780199784707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195175328.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This essay considers empathy as a central feature of the human experience in which to ground science and religion. Thompson draws upon cognitive science, contemplative psychology, and ... More


 Introduction: The Body as Adaptive Agent

Robert C. Fuller

in Spirituality in the Flesh: Bodily Sources of Religious Experiences

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195369175
eISBN:
9780199871186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369175.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores the leverage that the body exerts on humanity's propensity toward religion. Recent research in the emotions, neurobiology, sexuality, pain, and the chemical components of ... More


 Spirits as Concepts

Emma Cohen

in The Mind Possessed: The Cognition of Spirit Possession in an Afro-Brazilian Religious Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323351
eISBN:
9780199785575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323351.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Chapter 6 considers the form and spread of spirit concepts, drawing heavily on ethnographic data and emerging theories within epidemiological studies of culture. This chapter suggests why spirit ... More


religion is perfectly natural, not naturally perfect

D. Jason Slone

in Theological Incorrectness: Why Religious People Believe What They Shouldn't

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169263
eISBN:
9780199835256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169263.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The cognitive approach to religion is a “naturalness” thesis because cognitive scientists believe that religion is a by-product of the process of ordinary human cognition. Thus, cognition operates in ... More


“Immaterial” Impact of the Apocalypse

Robert M. Geraci

in Apocalyptic AI: Visions of Heaven in Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Virtual Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393026
eISBN:
9780199777136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393026.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Apocalyptic AI predictions have garnered so much attention that—in combination with rapidly progressing robotic technology—widespread public attention has focused upon how human beings and robots ... More


The Believing Primate: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Reflections on the Origin of Religion

Jeffrey Schloss and Michael Murray (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199557028
eISBN:
9780191701719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557028.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

Over the last two decades, scientific accounts of religion have received a great deal of scholarly and popular attention both because of their intrinsic interest and because they are widely viewed as ... More


The Intersubjective Worlds of Science and Religion

Alan B. Wallace

in Science, Religion, and the Human Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195175325
eISBN:
9780199784707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195175328.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This essay explores the possibility of intersubjective truth in science and religion to present an alternative to metaphysical realism on the one hand, and relativism and constructivism on the other. ... More


Introduction: Evolutionary Theories of Religion: Science Unfettered or Naturalism Run Wild?

Jeffrey Schloss

in The Believing Primate: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Reflections on the Origin of Religion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199557028
eISBN:
9780191701719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557028.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This introductory chapter gives an overview of the purpose of the book: to describe and discuss scientific accounts of religion and to assess their implications on society. It also gives a background ... More


Cognitive Science and the Evolution of Religion: A Philosophical and Theological Appraisal

Nancey Murphy

in The Believing Primate: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Reflections on the Origin of Religion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199557028
eISBN:
9780191701719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557028.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explores how cognitive science accounts for the existence of religion, by focusing on the works of Pascal Boyer (writer of Religion Explained: The Evolutionary Origins of Religious ... More


Svasaṃvitti as Methodological Solipsism: “Narrow Content” and the Problem of Intentionality in Buddhist Philosophy of Mind

Dan Arnold

in Pointing at the Moon: Buddhism, Logic, Analytic Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381559
eISBN:
9780199869244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381559.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter draws connections between the idea of svasamvitti or svasamvedana (reflexive awareness, apperception), a phenomenon very controversial in Indian and Tibetan Buddhist philosophy from the ... More


Cognitive Science, Religion, and Theology

Justin Barrett

in The Believing Primate: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Reflections on the Origin of Religion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199557028
eISBN:
9780191701719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557028.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explores why belief in superhuman agents (gods) is historically and culturally common by engaging the natural properties of human thinking to function in ordinary natural and social ... More


Darwinism: How Much Does It Explain?

David Fergusson

in Faith and Its Critics: A Conversation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199569380
eISBN:
9780191702051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569380.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter explores the scope of neo-Darwinism in relation to the history of life on earth, and asks whether its explanatory power can extend to religious belief and activity. First, it discusses ... More


Evolution, Religion, and Cognitive Science: Critical and Constructive Essays

Fraser Watts and Léon P. Turner (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688081
eISBN:
9780191767722
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688081.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

The cognitive science of religion is an inherently heterogeneous subject, incorporating theory and data from anthropology, psychology, sociology, evolutionary biology, and philosophy of mind amongst ... More


Foundationalism and the Phenomenology of Perception

Christian Coseru

in Perceiving Reality: Consciousness, Intentionality, and Cognition in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199843381
eISBN:
9780199979851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199843381.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter, which draws on a set of interrelated issues in the phenomenology of perception, calls into question the assumption that Buddhist philosophers of the Dignāga-Dharmakīrti tradition pursue ... More


Anthropomorphism, Corporeality, and the New Consensus about God

Stephen H. Webb

in Jesus Christ, Eternal God: Heavenly Flesh and the Metaphysics of Matter

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199827954
eISBN:
9780199919468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827954.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Cognitive sciences have demonstrated the inescapable function of anthropomorphism in human thought. The author criticizes the biological speculations behind this claim but agrees with the basic point ... More


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