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The Role of Psychology in an Agent-Centered Theory of Science

Ronald N. Giere

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

The question that frames this chapter is how humans have managed to learn such amazing things as the age of the universe. After briefly reviewing logical, methodological, historical, and social ... More


Imaginative Minds

Ilona Roth (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Imagination is one of the most distinctive characteristics of human thought. The supreme powers of flexibility, supposition and inventiveness that are its hallmarks, whether in science, technology, ... More


The Cognitive Science of Innovation Tools

Arthur B. Markman and Kristin L. Wood

in Tools for Innovation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381634
eISBN:
9780199870264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381634.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In order to streamline design processes, it is crucial to understand where new ideas come from. This chapter starts by outlining the ways that designers can generate novel solutions to problems. The ... More


Psychology of Science: Influence on the Philosophy of Science

E. J. Capaldi and Robert W. Proctor

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

There has always been a close association between psychology and the philosophy of science. Although some individuals over the past 200 years have suggested that psychology had little to offer ... More


Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution

Karl S. Rosengren, Sarah K. Brem, E. Margaret Evans, and Gale M. Sinatra (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199730421
eISBN:
9780199949557
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book presents new ideas for why the acceptance and understanding of evolution and related concepts is so difficult for both children and adults. Drawing from diverse fields, the contributors ... More


Distinguishing the reflective, algorithmic, and autonomous minds: Is it time for a tri-process theory?

Keith E. Stanovich

in In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230167
eISBN:
9780191696442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Building upon work which considers the implications dual-process theory for the great rationality debate in cognitive science, this chapter advances that discussion, first by discussing additions and ... More


Conclusion 2: Implications for a Theory of Concepts

Susan Carey

in The Origin of Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195367638
eISBN:
9780199867349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367638.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter considers the implications of the picture of conceptual development offered in this book for a theory of concepts. It introduces new material, placing work on the origin of concepts in ... More


Encountering the World: Toward an Ecological Psychology

Edward S. Reed

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195073010
eISBN:
9780199846887
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073010.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book reorients modern psychology by finding a viable middle ground between the study of nerve cells and cultural analysis. The emerging field of ecological psychology focuses on the “human ... More


Frontiers of Consciousness: Chichele Lectures

Lawrence Weiskrantz and Martin Davies (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233151
eISBN:
9780191696596
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233151.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In recent years consciousness has become a significant area of study in the cognitive sciences. This book is an interdisciplinary exploration of consciousness. The book stems from the Chichele ... More


The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience

Francisco J. Varela, Evan Thompson, and Eleanor Rosch

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262529365
eISBN:
9780262335492
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529365.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This classic book, first published in 1991, was one of the first to propose the “embodied cognition” approach in cognitive science. It pioneered the connections between phenomenology and science and ... More


The probabilistic mind: where next?

Nick Chater and Mike Oaksford

in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter aims to reflect on themes and points of difference raised in the book; consider relationships between this work and broader developments in the cognitive sciences; and to give some ... More


A Fundamental Circularity: In the Mind of the Reflective Scientist

Francisco J. Varela, Evan Thompson, and Eleanor Rosch

in The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262529365
eISBN:
9780262335492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529365.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes cognitive science. In its widest sense, the term cognitive science is used to indicate that the study of mind is in itself a worthy scientific pursuit. At this time, cognitive ... More


Cognitive science now and then

Max Coltheart

in Inside Psychology: A science over 50 years

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199228768
eISBN:
9780191696336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228768.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter analyses developments in cognitive science during the past fifty years from a personal perspective. It describes psychology issues and topics that were of personal interest to the author ... More


On changing one's mind: a possible function of consciousness

Keith Oatley

in Consciousness in Contemporary Science

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522379
eISBN:
9780191688577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522379.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter aims to discuss the function of consciousness within a broad framework of cognitive science and phenomenology, and to relate these two approaches to each other. This chapter's treatment ... More


On Concepts, Modules, and Language: Cognitive Science at Its Core

Roberto G. de Almeida and Lila R. Gleitman (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190464783
eISBN:
9780190464806
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190464783.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

What are the landmarks of the cognitive revolution? What are the core topics of modern cognitive science? Where is cognitive science heading? These and other questions are addressed in this volume by ... More


Lines of Thought: Central Concepts in Cognitive Psychology

Lance Rips

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195183054
eISBN:
9780199865109
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183054.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book addresses how we are able to think about abstract possibilities: How can we think about math, despite the immateriality of numbers, sets, and other mathematical entities? How are we able to ... More


Development of Representation in Childhood

Katherine Nelson

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents an overview of the concepts of representation in cognitive psychology and developmental psychology. It then discusses theories based on levels of representation and their ... More


Cognitive Science is Interdisciplinary

Martin V. Butz and Esther F. Kutter

in How the Mind Comes into Being: Introducing Cognitive Science from a Functional and Computational Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198739692
eISBN:
9780191834462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739692.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive Science has come a long way – even the old Greeks have put forward intricate thoughts about what our minds can know and what seems inaccessible. This chapter addresses the historical ... More


Toward an Empirically Responsible Ethics: Cognitive Science, Virtue Ethics, and Effortless Attention in Early Chinese Thought

Edward Slingerland

in Effortless Attention: A New Perspective in the Cognitive Science of Attention and Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013840
eISBN:
9780262269438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013840.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews how human reasoning and decision making evolves from the cognitive sciences, challenging basic assumptions of objectivism-rationalism along with ethical models based on reason. ... More


Selfless Minds

Francisco J. Varela, Evan Thompson, and Eleanor Rosch

in The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262529365
eISBN:
9780262335492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529365.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter looks at Marvin Minsky's and Seymour Papert's recent proposal to study the mind as a society, which takes the patchwork architecture of cognition as a central element. Minsky and Papert ... More


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