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The Role of Psychology in an Agent-Centered Theory of Science

Ronald N. Giere

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

The question that frames this chapter is how humans have managed to learn such amazing things as the age of the universe. After briefly reviewing logical, methodological, historical, and social ... More


Imaginative Minds

Ilona Roth (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Imagination is one of the most distinctive characteristics of human thought. The supreme powers of flexibility, supposition and inventiveness that are its hallmarks, whether in science, technology, ... More


The Cognitive Science of Innovation Tools

Arthur B. Markman and Kristin L. Wood

in Tools for Innovation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381634
eISBN:
9780199870264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381634.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In order to streamline design processes, it is crucial to understand where new ideas come from. This chapter starts by outlining the ways that designers can generate novel solutions to problems. The ... More


Psychology of Science: Influence on the Philosophy of Science

E. J. Capaldi and Robert W. Proctor

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

There has always been a close association between psychology and the philosophy of science. Although some individuals over the past 200 years have suggested that psychology had little to offer ... More


Principles of Synthetic Intelligence PSI: An Architecture of Motivated Cognition

Joscha Bach

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195370676
eISBN:
9780199870721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370676.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Although computational models of cognition have become very popular, these models are relatively limited in their coverage of cognition—they usually only emphasize problem solving and reasoning, or ... More


Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution

Karl S. Rosengren, Sarah K. Brem, E. Margaret Evans, and Gale M. Sinatra (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199730421
eISBN:
9780199949557
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book presents new ideas for why the acceptance and understanding of evolution and related concepts is so difficult for both children and adults. Drawing from diverse fields, the contributors ... More


Human-Tech: Ethical and Scientific Foundations

Kim Vicente

Alex Kirlik (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199765140
eISBN:
9780199863358
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765140.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This book coins the term “human-tech” to describe a more encompassing and ambitious approach to the study of Human-Technology Interaction (HTI) than is now evident in any of its participating ... More


How Can the Human Mind Occur?

John R. Anderson

in How Can the Human Mind Occur in the Physical Universe?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195324259
eISBN:
9780199786671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324259.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter tries to summarize the progress the book has made in answering the question in the title. It uses a set of twelve criteria suggested by Allen Newell for measuring progress in cognitive ... More


Cognitive science, philosophy and the problem of unbounded culture

Henry Plotkin

in Necessary Knowledge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198568285
eISBN:
9780191584961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568285.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Previous chapters have been concerned with the evolutionary, cognitive, and comparative science that informs us of how one should understand the relationship between learning and evolution. However, ... More


Distinguishing the reflective, algorithmic, and autonomous minds: Is it time for a tri-process theory?

Keith E. Stanovich

in In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230167
eISBN:
9780191696442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Building upon work which considers the implications dual-process theory for the great rationality debate in cognitive science, this chapter advances that discussion, first by discussing additions and ... More


Conclusion 2: Implications for a Theory of Concepts

Susan Carey

in The Origin of Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195367638
eISBN:
9780199867349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367638.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter considers the implications of the picture of conceptual development offered in this book for a theory of concepts. It introduces new material, placing work on the origin of concepts in ... More


Encountering the World: Toward an Ecological Psychology

Edward S. Reed

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195073010
eISBN:
9780199846887
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073010.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book reorients modern psychology by finding a viable middle ground between the study of nerve cells and cultural analysis. The emerging field of ecological psychology focuses on the “human ... More


Frontiers of Consciousness: Chichele Lectures

Lawrence Weiskrantz and Martin Davies (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233151
eISBN:
9780191696596
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233151.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In recent years consciousness has become a significant area of study in the cognitive sciences. This book is an interdisciplinary exploration of consciousness. The book stems from the Chichele ... More


Pervasive problems

Henry Plotkin

in Necessary Knowledge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198568285
eISBN:
9780191584961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568285.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

The period in psychology from the early 1970s to the mid 1990s is marked by the entry of the nature–nurture dimension into the science of learning and reasoning itself. Whilst this has at times been ... More


Local Theories versus Comprehensive Architectures: The Cognitive Science Jigsaw Puzzle

Michael D. Byrne

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0030
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Reasons for considering integrated models of cognitive systems as a desideratum are myriad, ranging from deeply theoretical interest in the structure of cognition for its own sake to the desire to ... More


The probabilistic mind: where next?

Nick Chater and Mike Oaksford

in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter aims to reflect on themes and points of difference raised in the book; consider relationships between this work and broader developments in the cognitive sciences; and to give some ... More


A Fundamental Circularity: In the Mind of the Reflective Scientist

Francisco J. Varela, Evan Thompson, and Eleanor Rosch

in The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262529365
eISBN:
9780262335492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529365.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes cognitive science. In its widest sense, the term cognitive science is used to indicate that the study of mind is in itself a worthy scientific pursuit. At this time, cognitive ... More


‘Colour’ As Part of the Format of Different Perceptual Primitives: The Dual Coding of Colour

Rainer Mausfeld

in Colour Perception: Mind and the physical world

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505006
eISBN:
9780191686764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505006.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter approaches colour from the perspective of cognitive science, which has marshalled convincing evidence that our mental apparatus is equipped with a rich internal structure pertaining to, ... More


The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience

Francisco J. Varela, Evan Thompson, and Eleanor Rosch

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262529365
eISBN:
9780262335492
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529365.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This classic book, first published in 1991, was one of the first to propose the “embodied cognition” approach in cognitive science. It pioneered the connections between phenomenology and science and ... More


Evolutionary robotics

Dylan Evans and Walter de Back

in Applied Evolutionary Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586073
eISBN:
9780191731358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586073.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Robotics has been heavily influenced by cognitive psychology and evolutionary biology, but evolutionary psychology, has not yet had such a big impact on the field. In this essay we describe how ... More


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