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Without Good Reason: The Rationality Debate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Edward Stein

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198237730
eISBN:
9780191679520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237730.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Are humans rational? Various experiments performed over the last several decades have been interpreted as showing that humans are irrational: we make significant and consistent errors in logical ... More


An Essay on Belief and Acceptance

L. Jonathan Cohen

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236047
eISBN:
9780191679179
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236047.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This study examines the tension between voluntariness and involuntariness in human cognition. The book seeks to counter the widespread tendency for analytic epistemology to be dominated by the ... More


Reduction and Embodied Cognition: Perspectives from Medicine and Psychiatry

Valerie Gray Hardcastle and Rosalyn W. Stewart

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter dissociates the working cognitive sciences from various reductive strategies. It advocates that cognitive science should be more inclusive in terms of what it accepts as data in ... More


Introduction

Edward Stein

in Without Good Reason: The Rationality Debate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198237730
eISBN:
9780191679520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237730.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

According to experiments done over the past few decades, humans make significant errors in various realms of reasoning: logical reasoning, probabilistic reasoning, similarity judgements, and risk ... More


Philosophy of Cognitive Science

Daniel Andler

in The Philosophy of Science: A Companion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190690649
eISBN:
9780190690670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190690649.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Cognitive science, which appears as an articulated group of research programs whose aim is to constitute a science of the mind, raises a number of issues from the point of view of philosophy of ... More


Conclusion

Edward Stein

in Without Good Reason: The Rationality Debate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198237730
eISBN:
9780191679520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237730.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

In the context of the debate between the rationality thesis and the irrationality thesis, the question is about whether humans have the normative principles of reasoning in their reasoning ... More


Perspectival Knowledge and Distributed Cognition

in Scientific Perspectivism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226292120
eISBN:
9780226292144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226292144.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The argument that scientific knowledge is perspectival has proceeded largely by reflecting on the actual practice of science itself. The argument that theorizing is perspectival did, however, appeal ... More


Plasticity and Pathology: On the Formation of the Neural Subject

David Bates and Nima Bassiri (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823266135
eISBN:
9780823266975
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823266135.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

With the rise of cognitive science and the revolution in neuroscience, it is now commonplace to assume that the study of a human person—a thinking, feeling, acting subject—is ultimately the study of ... More


The Philosophy of Science: A Companion

Anouk Baberousse, Denis Bonnay, and Mikael Cozic (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190690649
eISBN:
9780190690670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190690649.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Philosophy of science studies the methods, theories, and concepts used by scientists. It mainly developed as a field in its own right during the twentieth century and is now a diversified and lively ... More


The Political Ecology of the Daoist Body

James Miller

in China's Green Religion: Daoism and the Quest for a Sustainable Future

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231175869
eISBN:
9780231544535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175869.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The Daoist experience of the world in the body and the body in the world is fundamentally an aesthetic experience, but one that must be trained through disciplines of body cultivation. Daoist body ... More


Cognitive Science and Moral Philosophy: Challenging Scientistic Overreach

William FitzPatrick

in Scientism: Prospects and Problems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190462758
eISBN:
9780190462772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190462758.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Can empirical work in cognitive science and moral psychology impact issues of general theoretical relevance to moral philosophy? Some think it can. They take it to underwrite debunking arguments ... More


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