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Real People: Personal Identity without Thought Experiments

Kathleen V. Wilkes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240808
eISBN:
9780191680281
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240808.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book explores the scope and limits of the concept of a person — a vexed question in contemporary philosophy. The author begins by questioning the methodology of thought-experimentation, arguing ... More


An Essay on Belief and Acceptance

L. Jonathan Cohen

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236047
eISBN:
9780191679179
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236047.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This study examines the tension between voluntariness and involuntariness in human cognition. The book seeks to counter the widespread tendency for analytic epistemology to be dominated by the ... More


Introduction: Knowledge Ascriptions: Their Semantics, Cognitive Bases, and Social Functions

Jessica Brown and Mikkel Gerken

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book brings together a number of diverse strands of contemporary research that have focused on knowledge ascriptions. One such strand is the ‘linguistic turn’ according to which knowledge ... More


Commonsense Reasoning, Logic, and Human Rationality

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Common Sense, Reasoning, and Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147667
eISBN:
9780199785865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147669.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the most important issue for the cognitive science of reasoning is whether deduction provides a computational-level theory of a substantial amount of everyday, commonsense ... More


Mind in Action

Bede Rundle

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236917
eISBN:
9780191679414
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236917.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book challenges the quasi-mechanical view of human action that is dominant in contemporary philosophy of mind. A materialist view of the mind and a causal theory of action fit together ... More


A Priori Warrant and Naturalistic Epistemology

Alvin I. Goldman

in Pathways to Knowledge: Private and Public

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138795
eISBN:
9780199833252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138791.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some definitions of naturalistic epistemology exclude the possibility of a priori warrant, but a more plausible definition leaves room for it. The general approach to warrant favored here is ... More


Common Sense, Reasoning, and Rationality

Renee Elio (ed.)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147667
eISBN:
9780199785865
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147669.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book addresses three areas of current and varied interest: common sense, reasoning, and rationality. While common sense and rationality often have been viewed as two distinct features in a ... More


Cognitive Science and Metaphysics: Partners in Debunking

Jonathan Schaffer

in Metaphysics and Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190639679
eISBN:
9780190639709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190639679.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Is cognitive science relevant to metaphysics? The realist metaphysician aiming to describe the objective structure of reality itself may think that cognitive science is largely irrelevant. But ... More


Naturalizing metaphysics with the help of cognitive science

Alvin I. Goldman

in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, Volume 9

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198729242
eISBN:
9780191796258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729242.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that empirical findings in cognitive science can play a significant evidential role in an optimal methodology for metaphysics. It does not propose any radical metaphysical ... More


Introduction

Alvin I. Goldman and Brian P. McLaughlin

in Metaphysics and Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190639679
eISBN:
9780190639709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190639679.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This volume illustrates how the methodology of metaphysics can be enriched with the help of cognitive science. Few philosophers nowadays would dispute the relevance of cognitive science to the ... More


Models of Mind

Kathleen V. Wilkes

in Real People: Personal Identity without Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240808
eISBN:
9780191680281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240808.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers a self-indulgent account of the different views of the person by Homer, Aristotle, the post-Cartesians, and contemporary cognitive science with its ‘computer model of mind’. It ... More


On Perceiving God: Prospects for a Cognitive Science of Religious Experience

Mark Baker and Dean Zimmerman

in Metaphysics and Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190639679
eISBN:
9780190639709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190639679.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on a gap in existing cognitive scientific explanations of religion: although they may explain various religious beliefs, they are weak at explaining religious ... More


Cognitive Science for the Revisionary Metaphysician

David Rose

in Metaphysics and Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190639679
eISBN:
9780190639709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190639679.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Many philosophers insist that the revisionary metaphysician—i.e., the metaphysician who offers a metaphysical theory which conflicts with folk intuitions—bears a special burden to explain why certain ... More


Philosophical Naturalism and Intuitional Methodology *

Alvin I. Goldman

in The A Priori in Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199695331
eISBN:
9780191758218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695331.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Parts of philosophy employ intuitions or intuitive judgments, and this intuitional methodology is the subject of recent criticism, especially by experimental philosophers. Is the methodology sound or ... More


Unbunking Arguments: A Case Study in Metaphysics and Cognitive Science

Christopher Frugé

in Metaphysics and Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190639679
eISBN:
9780190639709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190639679.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter develops a style of argument that realists can use to defend the methodological propriety of appealing to a given range of intuitions. Unbunking arguments are an epistemically positive ... More


Scottish Fundamentalism

C. A. J. Coady

in Testimony: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235514
eISBN:
9780191597220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235518.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The eighteenth‐century Scots philosopher Thomas Reid's account of testimony is one of his most interesting and original contributions. Reid's analogy between the epistemic roles of perception and of ... More


Socially Extended Epistemology

J. Adam Carter, Andy Clark, Jesper Kallestrup, S. Orestis Palermos, and Duncan Pritchard (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198801764
eISBN:
9780191840357
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801764.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The present volume explores the topic of socially extended knowledge. This is a topic of research at the intersection of epistemology and philosophy of mind and cognitive science. The core idea of ... More


Debunking Arguments in Metaethics and Metaphysics

Daniel Z. Korman

in Metaphysics and Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190639679
eISBN:
9780190639709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190639679.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Evolutionary debunking arguments abound, but it is widely assumed that they do not arise for our perceptual beliefs about midsized objects, insofar as the adaptive value of our object beliefs cannot ... More


Extended Epistemology

J. Adam Carter, Andy Clark, Jesper Kallestrup, S. Orestis Palermos, and Duncan Pritchard (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198769811
eISBN:
9780191822643
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769811.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

One of the most important research programs in contemporary cognitive science is that of extended cognition. In this area of study, features of a subject’s cognitive environment can, in certain ... More


Extended Epistemology: An Introduction

J. Adam Carter, Andy Clark, Jesper Kallestrup, S. Orestis Palermos, and Duncan Pritchard

in Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198769811
eISBN:
9780191822643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769811.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

First, a theoretical background to the volume’s topic, extended epistemology, is provided by a brief outline of its cross-disciplinary theoretical lineage and some key themes. In particular, it is ... More


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