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Introduction

Caroline Franks Davis

in The Evidential Force of Religious Experience

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250012
eISBN:
9780191681233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250012.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

It is only comparatively recently in the history of civilisation that there has been widespread scepticism regarding religious experiences. Arguments against the plausibility of religious doctrines ... More


Being Known

Christopher Peacocke

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238607
eISBN:
9780191598197
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238606.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Integration Challenge is the task of reconciling a plausible account of what is involved in the truth of statements of a given kind with a credible account of how we can know those statements, ... More


Challenges from Every Direction

Janet A. Kourany

in Philosophy of Science after Feminism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732623
eISBN:
9780199866403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732623.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter defends the political approach with its ideal of socially responsible science against five important challenges. The first—the epistemological challenge—suggests that the more a practice ... More


The Agrippan Argument and Two Forms of Skepticism

Michael Williams

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay argues that the Pyrrhonian regress argument presupposes a Prior Grounding conception of justification. This is contrasted with a Default and Challenge structure, which leads to a ... More


Introduction

Ronald de Sousa

in Why Think?: Evolution and the Rational Mind

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189858
eISBN:
9780199868377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189858.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the concept of rationality. It then discusses the difference between digital computers and analog computers, the origins and limits of ... More


Challenges to Religious Experience

Caroline Franks Davis

in The Evidential Force of Religious Experience

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250012
eISBN:
9780191681233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250012.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Arguments from religious experience must generally rely heavily on people's descriptions of their past experiences. Only rarely can the proponents of such arguments appeal to their own personal ... More


How We Hope: A Moral Psychology

Adrienne M. Martin

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151526
eISBN:
9781400848706
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151526.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What exactly is hope and how does it influence our decisions? This book presents a novel account of hope, the motivational resources it presupposes, and its function in our practical lives. The book ... More


The Reductionist Challenge

Caroline Franks Davis

in The Evidential Force of Religious Experience

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250012
eISBN:
9780191681233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250012.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Perhaps the most popular current challenge to religious experience is the ‘reductionist’ challenge. No putatively reductionist accounts of religious experience can disprove theism. One can only show ... More


Scepticism and the Genealogy of Knowledge: Situating Epistemology in Time

Miranda Fricker

in Social Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577477
eISBN:
9780191595189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577477.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The overarching purpose of this chapter is to illustrate the philosophical fruitfulness of expanding epistemology not only laterally across the social space of other epistemic subjects, but at the ... More


The Tortoise and the Serpent: Sellars on the Structure of Empirical Knowledge

Michael Williams

in Empiricism, Perceptual Knowledge, Normativity, and Realism: Essays on Wilfrid Sellars

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573301
eISBN:
9780191722172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573301.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In ‘Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind’, (EPM) Sellars adumbrates an epistemological third way that avoids the pitfalls of the traditional alternatives — foundationalism and coherentism — while ... More


Religious Diversity: Familiar Problems, Novel Opportunities

Philip L. Quinn

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter surveys recent work on philosophical issues raised by religious diversity or pluralism. It focuses on four topics. The first is the epistemological challenge of religious diversity. ... More


Indeterminism and Intelligibility

Helen Steward

in A Metaphysics for Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199552054
eISBN:
9780191738838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552054.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter confronts the ‘Challenge from Chance’, which has always been the main difficulty faced by libertarianism. The problem is that it is difficult to see how the mere truth of indeterminism ... More


Responding to the Challenge from Chance: Some Objections

Helen Steward

in A Metaphysics for Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199552054
eISBN:
9780191738838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552054.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter deals with various objections to the solution to the Challenge from Chance that is offered in the previous chapter. The suggestion that a newly formulated version of the Challenge can ... More


Towards A Cumulative Case for Theism

Caroline Franks Davis

in The Evidential Force of Religious Experience

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250012
eISBN:
9780191681233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250012.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The previous chapters have shown that the conflicting claims challenge does not overcome many important types of experiential claim, that reductionist explanations of religious experiences and ... More


The Hylomorphic Turn

Daniel W. Graham

in Aristotle's Two Systems

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243151
eISBN:
9780191680649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243151.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presented how the problematic of Physics i and Aristotle's prior philosophic positions and certain ‘facts’ generate a conception of form and matter. Aristotle sets himself the task of ... More


Experience and Interpretation

Caroline Franks Davis

in The Evidential Force of Religious Experience

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250012
eISBN:
9780191681233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250012.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

An extremely common challenge to arguments from religious experience—though not to the veridicality of religious experiences as such—is the claim that because religious experiences involve ... More


The Conflicting Claims Challenge

Caroline Franks Davis

in The Evidential Force of Religious Experience

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250012
eISBN:
9780191681233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250012.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The great diversity of religious experiential claims gives rise to two powerful challenges to religious experience. Firstly, the challenge that since subjects cannot agree on a description of the ... More


Radical Skepticism and Underdetermination

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemic Angst: Radical Skepticism and the Groundlessness of Our Believing

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167237
eISBN:
9781400873913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167237.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter reveals a more nuanced way to conceive of the radical skeptical paradox—one that makes no essential appeal to a closure-style principle for knowledge. It discusses the skeptical ... More


Mindreading Animals: The Debate over What Animals Know about Other Minds

Robert W. Lurz

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016056
eISBN:
9780262298339
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016056.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Animals live in a world of other minds, human and nonhuman, and their well-being and survival often depends on what is going on in the minds of these other creatures. But do animals know that other ... More


Absolute Reality and Dissociation

Nicholas Jardine

in The Scenes of Inquiry: On the Reality of Questions in the Sciences

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250395
eISBN:
9780191681288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250395.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter gives an account of the absolute reality of questions regarding the amenability in principle to evidential considerations. It shows that the historical diversity of styles of inquiry in ... More


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