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The United Kingdom: Plurality Rule Under Siege

Paul Mitchell

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

‘Times they are a-changing . . .’ is at the source of the Westminster model. Or are they? Electoral reformers are still trying to replace Britain’s single-member plurality electoral system with some ... More


Representing the Median Voter

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter performs a static analysis of correspondences between median voter, Parliamentary median, and government preferences by individual government and election. Distortions are widespread but ... More


Feminism

Jacqui True

in International Society and its Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265206
eISBN:
9780191601866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265208.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Starts by asking where women are in international society. While observing the absence of women from theories of international society, it argues that women are nonetheless present as actors in ... More


The Press Effect: Politicians, Journalists, and the Stories that Shape the Political World

Kathleen Hall Jamieson and Paul Waldman

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152777
eISBN:
9780199833900
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152778.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

What Americans know, understand, and believe about the world of politics is the product of a negotiation between journalists and political actors. The news is primarily shaped not by a liberal or ... More


Social Justice and Public Equality

Thomas Christiano

in The Constitution of Equality: Democratic Authority and Its Limits

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198297475
eISBN:
9780191716867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297475.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter argues that social justice requires that equality be publicly realized. Social justice is realized in social and political institutions that attempt to establish justice. It requires ... More


Systemic Failure, Coordination, and Contingencies: Understanding Electoral System Change in New Zealand

Jack Vowles

in To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?: The Politics of Electoral Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539390
eISBN:
9780191715761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539390.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

There are two interpretations of electoral system change in New Zealand; one, that it was a result of social and political changes generating a ‘systemic failure’ of the former ... More


The Press as Custodian of Fact

Kathleen Hall Jamieson and Paul Waldman

in The Press Effect: Politicians, Journalists, and the Stories that Shape the Political World

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152777
eISBN:
9780199833900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152778.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The custodianship of fact should be the role that undergirds journalism. All too often, reporters allow the frames of their stories to shape the facts, instead of the other way around. The press has ... More


The Great Victorian Realignment

Iain McLean

in Rational Choice and British Politics: An Analysis of Rhetoric and Manipulation from Peel to Blair

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295297
eISBN:
9780191599873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295294.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

A case study of the great Victorian electoral realignment. Corrects existing claims about landslide elections, and tabulates the bias and responsiveness of the UK electoral system from 1868 to 1918. ... More


Freedom from the Press

William Miller, Annis‐May Timpson, and Michael Lessnoff

in Elitism, Populism, and European Politics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280354
eISBN:
9780191599422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280351.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The relationship between press freedom, individual liberty, and democracy is somewhat ambiguous. Bias, censorship, and sensational or intrusive reporting arouse special concern. A survey of broadly ... More


The Problem of Party System Change

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the second of three chapters on persistence and change in political parties. Its theme is the problem of party system change in western Europe, and its purpose, rather than to propose some ... More


Assessing the Statist Ideal

Laura Valentini

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the complaint that the statist ideal is excessively biased in favour of the status quo and argues that this critique is only partly successful. While the statists’ (especially ... More


Justifying Statism: A Methodological Critique

Laura Valentini

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter identifies and discusses the methodological flaws that make statism excessively subservient to the status quo. It focuses on three methodological commitments on the basis of which ... More


Bias and Democracy

John O. McGinnis

in Accelerating Democracy: Transforming Governance Through Technology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151021
eISBN:
9781400845453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151021.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter surveys the many kinds of political bias. These include special interest bias, “knowledge falsification” by the majority, innate majoritarian bias, status quo bias, cultural cognition ... More


Who Really Votes?

Stephen Ansolabehere and Eitan Hersh

in Facing the Challenge of Democracy: Explorations in the Analysis of Public Opinion and Political Participation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151106
eISBN:
9781400840304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151106.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter considers how voters are different from nonvoters with respect to their demographic and ideological attributes, and if election outcomes would change if everyone voted. It first explains ... More


Introduction

J. Eric Oliver, Shang E. Ha, and Zachary Callen

in Local Elections and the Politics of Small-Scale Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143552
eISBN:
9781400842544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143552.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to provide an answer to the question: “Who governs” America when Americans live in so many types of places and under so many types of ... More


Political Institutions, Policy Bias, and Policy Complexity

Sean D. Ehrlich

in Access Points: An Institutional Theory of Policy Bias and Policy Complexity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737536
eISBN:
9780199918645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737536.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter introduces the main concepts discussed in the rest of the book, explains the contribution of the book to the relevant literatures in political science and economics, and provides a road ... More


What Are Access Points and What Are Their Effects?

Sean D. Ehrlich

in Access Points: An Institutional Theory of Policy Bias and Policy Complexity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737536
eISBN:
9780199918645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737536.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter presents Access Point Theory in detail, explaining what access points are and why the number of access points matter. An access point is a policymaker who might be valuable to lobby and, ... More


Access Points and Bias in Trade Policy

Sean D. Ehrlich

in Access Points: An Institutional Theory of Policy Bias and Policy Complexity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737536
eISBN:
9780199918645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737536.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter and the two that follow use Access Point Theory to explain bias in policy outcomes, starting here with an examination of tariff rates and trade policy. Protectionists should have a ... More


How Much Environmental Regulation Will a Country Have?

Sean D. Ehrlich

in Access Points: An Institutional Theory of Policy Bias and Policy Complexity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737536
eISBN:
9780199918645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737536.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Existing research has extensively examined whether democratic or dictatorial regimes are better for the environment, but little research has investigated how democracies might differ among ... More


Regulating Banks: Capital-Friendly or Consumer-Friendly Rules?

Sean D. Ehrlich

in Access Points: An Institutional Theory of Policy Bias and Policy Complexity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737536
eISBN:
9780199918645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737536.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Every country regulates its banking sector in order to prevent a run on one bank from spreading throughout the banking system and creating a financial crisis. However, countries have many options ... More


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