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 Scientific Objectivity

David B. Resnik

in The Price of Truth: How Money Affects the Norms of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195309782
eISBN:
9780199871285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309782.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines science’s most important norm, objectivity. It argues that science ought to be objective because democratic societies need objective beliefs and methods to help resolve ... More


 Money and the Norms of Science

David B. Resnik

in The Price of Truth: How Money Affects the Norms of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195309782
eISBN:
9780199871285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309782.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the various ways that money can interfere with scientific norms. Problems can occur when financial interests intrude into experimental design, data analysis and interpretation, ... More


 Publication: Openness and Accountability

David B. Resnik

in The Price of Truth: How Money Affects the Norms of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195309782
eISBN:
9780199871285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309782.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines some of the ethical problems that can arise when the pursuit of profit and prestige affect scientific publication, including bias, duplicate publication, salami science, ... More


Self‐Deception and Three Psychiatric Delusions: On Robert Audi's Transition from Self‐Deception to Delusion

Mele Alfred R.

in Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311952
eISBN:
9780199871070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311952.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Audi has suggested that the difference between self‐deception and delusion with respect to a false proposition turns on whether the subject believes the false proposition: the self‐deceived do not ... More


Race and Racial Cognition

Daniel Kelly, Edouard Machery, and Ron Mallon

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that current work on racial cognition is relevant to many of philosophers' concerns about race. It first examines several positions within the philosophy of race, pointing out ... More


Moral Equality and ‘Natural’ Subordination

Catherine Wilson

in Moral Animals: Ideals and Constraints in Moral Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267675
eISBN:
9780191601859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267677.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The costs of bringing about greater equality with respect to gender seem formidably high, especially with regard to the Reality Constraint as it applies to maternity. Chapter 8 argues that costs to ... More


Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment: Allowing to Die or Causing Death?

Franklin G. Miller and Robert D. Truog

in Death, Dying, and Organ Transplantation: Reconstructing Medical Ethics at the End of Life

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199739172
eISBN:
9780199918683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739172.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A traditional norm of medical ethics is that doctors must not intentionally cause the death of their patients. However, withdrawing life-sustaining treatment has become a common practice in hospital ... More


Normative ethics, conversion, and pictures as tools of moral persuasion

Sarah McGrath

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693269
eISBN:
9780191732058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693269.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In attempting to influence the moral views of others, activists sometimes employ pictures as tools of moral persuasion. In such cases, a viewer is confronted with an actual instance of the practice ... More


Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility Volume 4

David Shoemaker (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198805601
eISBN:
9780191843563
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805601.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This fourth volume of Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility includes twelve new and original essays drawn from the third biennial New Orleans Workshop in Agency and Responsibility (NOWAR). The ... More


Social Dimensions of Moral Responsibility

Katrina Hutchison, Catriona Mackenzie, and Marina Oshana (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190609610
eISBN:
9780190609634
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190609610.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Philosophical theorizing about moral responsibility has recently taken a “social” turn, marking a shift in focus from traditional metaphysical concerns about free will and determinism. Yet despite ... More


Whose Conception of Human Flourishing?

Dorothy Roberts

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The argument that having certain genetic traits and not having others (whether as an individual or as a species) increases well-being assumes an understanding of what it means for humans to live ... More


The Value of Meaning

Thaddeus Metz

in Meaning in Life

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199599318
eISBN:
9780191747632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599318.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter compares and contrasts the personal goods of pleasure and meaning, focusing most on highlighting important differences between them. Specifically, after arguing that there is a largely ... More


Rules, Rules, Rules

Amy Olberding

in The Wrong of Rudeness: Learning Modern Civility from Ancient Chinese Philosophy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190880965
eISBN:
9780190880996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190880965.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Effective practice of civility and good manners requires that we follow socially shared conventional rules for conduct—etiquette. This chapter undertakes to show just why “big” values such as respect ... More


Managing the Face

Amy Olberding

in The Wrong of Rudeness: Learning Modern Civility from Ancient Chinese Philosophy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190880965
eISBN:
9780190880996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190880965.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the ways that the style of an action can matter to its meaning. In performing civil gestures and speech, matters such as tone of voice, facial expression, and demeanor ... More


Demographics, Design, and Free Speech: How Demographics Have Produced Social Media Optimized for Abuse and the Silencing of Marginalized Voices

Soraya Chemaly

in Free Speech in the Digital Age

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190883591
eISBN:
9780190883638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190883591.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The toxicity of online interactions presents unprecedented challenges to traditional free speech norms. The scope and amplification properties of the internet give new dimension and power to hate ... More


Commentary: Regenerative Medicine, Politics, and the High Price of Moral Constraint

Aric Bendorf and Ian Kerridge

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Lysaght and Campbell note the promise of regenerative medicine and call for a broader philosophical and public discourse that extends beyond questions surrounding the moral status of embryos. While ... More


Inconvenient Truths

Philippe Grandjean

in Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985388
eISBN:
9780199346233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Inertia in science is a major hurdle, as the documentation of neurotoxicity builds only gradually. Scientific tradition demands verification and replication before reaching firm conclusions. Worse, ... More


The Implications of Heuristics and Biases Research on Moral and Legal Responsibility: A Case Against the Reasonable Person Standard

Leora Dahan-Katz

in Neuroscience and Legal Responsibility

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199925605
eISBN:
9780199332939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199925605.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Research in the field of heuristics and biases has demonstrated that human reasoning processes are often non-normative. Specifically, such research demonstrates that human reasoning processes often ... More


What Is Discrimination?

Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen

in Born Free and Equal?: A Philosophical Inquiry into the Nature of Discrimination

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199796113
eISBN:
9780199350995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796113.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 defines discrimination in the generic sense and then distinguishes between three different and more specific senses of discrimination, which are all prima facie or even necessarily, morally ... More


Indirect Discrimination

Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen

in Born Free and Equal?: A Philosophical Inquiry into the Nature of Discrimination

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199796113
eISBN:
9780199350995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796113.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 2 explores the distinction between direct and indirect discrimination. The chapter takes its point of departure in a definition proposed by Andrew Altman and uses it as a springboard for a ... More


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