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Regulating Health and Environmental Risks under WTO Law: A Critical Analysis of the SPS Agreement

Lukasz Gruszczynski

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199578924
eISBN:
9780191722646
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578924.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

The last sixty years witnessed an unprecedented expansion of international trade. The system created by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and later by the World Trade Organization (WTO) has ... More


Conclusions

Deborah R. Becker and Robert E. Drake

in A Working Life for People with Severe Mental Illness

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195131215
eISBN:
9780199863808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195131215.003.0016
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

In the last ten years, there have been many refinements made to the implementation of IPS supported employment. Access to theses services has increased nationally and internationally. Improvements ... More


Strategic Interaction and Markets

Jean J. Gabszewicz

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198233411
eISBN:
9780191596292
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198233418.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Perfect competition provides a model of a frictionless economy in which economic agents behave independently of each other, abandoning to the market the task of coordinating their individual ... More


Choosing Strategies for New Products Using Market-Level Data

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter shows how the firm can coordinate its new product designs, production processes, and pricing strategies when only secondary (market-level) data are available. In particular, it examines ... More


Removing Barriers to Trade: Empirical Evidence

Michelle P. Egan

in Constructing a European Market: Standards, Regulation, and Governance

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244058
eISBN:
9780191599132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244057.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Focuses on the costs of market fragmentation in Europe. It reviews the economic impact of removing barriers to trade as a result of divergent national standards, testing, and certification ... More


CONCLUSION AND EPILOGUE

Robert Eric Frykenberg

in Christianity in India: From Beginnings to the Present

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198263777
eISBN:
9780191714191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263777.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts. It argues that Christian faith in India — at various times and in various circumstances — has been able to transcend ethnic, national, and cultural ... More


International Migration and Labor Conditions

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306002
eISBN:
9780199783564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306007.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter shows the powerful role of international labor market competition in narrowing differences in labor conditions between countries that remain open to migration flows. International ... More


The Free Movement of Goods

Alec Stone Sweet

in The Judicial Construction of Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199275533
eISBN:
9780191602009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927553X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The previous chapter showed how transnational activity, the adjudication of the European Community (EC) law, and EC lawmaking had developed symbiotically to determine much of what is important about ... More


International Trade in Services and Domestic Regulations: Necessity, Transparency, and Regulatory Diversity

Panagiotis Delimatsis

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533152
eISBN:
9780191714528
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533152.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

In 2005, the WTO Appellate Body ruled that the United States' total prohibition on cross-border gambling services was unlawful under the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). The questions ... More


Constructing a European Market: Standards, Regulation, and Governance

Michelle Egan

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244058
eISBN:
9780191599132
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244057.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The European Union's effort to create a single market involves the removal of trade barriers created by divergent national standards and regulations, which need to be reconciled to promote market ... More


Introduction

Michelle P. Egan

in Constructing a European Market: Standards, Regulation, and Governance

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244058
eISBN:
9780191599132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244057.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Focuses on the efforts to create a single market in Europe in the post‐war period, a process with many similarities to the creation of a single market in the US. Drawing on this historical ... More


Harmonization: The Slow Strategy Forward

Michelle P. Egan

in Constructing a European Market: Standards, Regulation, and Governance

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244058
eISBN:
9780191599132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244057.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Focuses on early efforts in the 1960s and 1970s by the European Community to address trade barriers through the harmonization of national regulatory policies and practices. The push for harmonization ... More


Case Studies in Standards Negotiations 1

Michelle P. Egan

in Constructing a European Market: Standards, Regulation, and Governance

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244058
eISBN:
9780191599132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244057.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Provides a case‐study analysis of the operation of this new regulatory policy, with particular attention paid to the difficulties of reaching collective agreement on common European standards. Case ... More


Path Integrals in Quantum Mechanics

Jean Zinn-Justin

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198566748
eISBN:
9780191717994
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566748.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Path integrals are mathematical objects that can be considered as generalizations to an infinite number of variables, represented by paths, of usual integrals. They share the algebraic properties of ... More


Diagnosing the Strategic Impacts of Lost Knowledge

David W. DeLong

in Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter uses a knowledge typology to describe different characteristics of lost knowledge and their impacts on business performance. It shows how increased retirements interact with recruiting ... More


Launching Knowledge Retention Initiatives: Principles for Action

David W. DeLong

in Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter provides an outline of how to start implementing knowledge retention programs. It illustrates the uses of a risk assessment or a knowledge audit, as well as an attrition profile and ... More


Overcoming Organizational Barriers to Knowledge Retention

David W. DeLong

in Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter identifies four sources of problems that promote knowledge loss in organizations by creating barriers to knowledge sharing and knowledge management. It suggests change management ... More


Global Strategy in Emerging Markets

Andrew Inkpen and Kannan Ramaswamy

in Global Strategy: Creating and Sustaining Advantage across Borders

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167207
eISBN:
9780199789825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167207.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter argues that emerging markets represent the next big growth opportunity for the world's MNEs. The nature and characteristics of emerging markets are discussed, and the barriers that must ... More


Managing Financial Risks in Urban Environments

Samuel Randalls

in Managing Financial Risks: From Global to Local

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199557431
eISBN:
9780191721687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557431.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Financial risks relating to the environment are frequently concentrated in cities, both in the source of risks and in the management of those risks. Urban areas are prone to a number of environmental ... More


Partnering for Adherence in the Healthcare System

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Successful adherence is influenced by many factors, including disease type, the complexity of the regimen, patient resources, system-level barriers, the clinician–patient relationship itself, and ... More


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