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Displaying Pathology: Maps of Morbidity

Samuel J. M. M. Alberti

in Morbid Curiosities: Medical Museums in Nineteenth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199584581
eISBN:
9780191725159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584581.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 5 investigates how specimens were deployed in displays, how the specimens were re-assembled, how morbid anatomists arranged them in cases and on shelves. We find that they were re-integrated ... More


Mapping the Body, Mapping the World: Mercator’s Atlas

Ayesha Ramachandran

in The Worldmakers: Global Imagining in Early Modern Europe

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288796
eISBN:
9780226288826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288826.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter locates the intellectual origins of Gerhard Mercator’s Atlas (1595) and the concept of the world it manifests in the medical, metaphysical, and theological interests that shaped ... More


Epilogue: From Cosmography to Cosmopolitanism

Ayesha Ramachandran

in The Worldmakers: Global Imagining in Early Modern Europe

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288796
eISBN:
9780226288826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288826.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

The epilogue begins with an explication of the famous Fool’s Cap Map and outlines the major thematic arcs of the book’s meditation on worldmaking: the circular dialectic from the self to world and ... More


The Higgs Boson Discovery

Michael Riordan, Lillian Hoddeson, and Adrienne W. Kolb

in Tunnel Visions: The Rise and Fall of the Superconducting Super Collider

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226294797
eISBN:
9780226305837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226305837.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

After the United States and other nations joined the LHC project during the mid-1990s, CERN proceeded with construction of this multi-TeV proton-collider. Although a September 2008 disaster delayed ... More


Historical Atlases Come of Age

in Historical Atlases: The First Three Hundred Years, 1570-1870

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226300719
eISBN:
9780226300726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226300726.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

The century whose opening Napoleon dominated also witnessed at its start two makers of maps for history who achieved remarkable commercial success and, in doing so, set an example that their peers ... More


The Atlas Space-Launch Vehicle and Its Upper Stages, 1958–1990

J. D. Hunley

in U.S. Space-Launch Vehicle Technology: Viking to Space Shuttle

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813031781
eISBN:
9780813038568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813031781.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the development of the Atlas space-launch vehicles. Conceived as a missile, Atlas turned out to be a versatile launch vehicle, mated with a great variety of upper stages ... More


The Titan I and II, 1955–1966

J. D. Hunley

in Preludes to U.S. Space-Launch Vehicle Technology: Goddard Rockets to Minuteman III

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813031774
eISBN:
9780813038551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813031774.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the development of the Titan I and Titan II missiles. Titan I began essentially as insurance for Atlas in case the earlier missile's technology proved unworkable. Accordingly, ... More


The Cartographic Department

Terry Hardaker

in The History of Oxford University Press: Volume III: 1896 to 1970

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199568406
eISBN:
9780191772344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568406.003.0016
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Cultural History

By the early twentieth century, the technical work of cartographic publishing had become a specialist field, requiring lengthy apprenticeships, different machines and processes and special materials. ... More


Defeat and a SCORE

Yanek Mieczkowski

in Eisenhower's Sputnik Moment: The Race for Space and World Prestige

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451508
eISBN:
9780801467936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451508.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes the launching of Atlas—the largest satellite that has been catapulted into orbit. The satellite was developed by Signal Communication by Orbiting Relay (SCORE), a top-secret ... More


Resisting the Colonial Political Field in the Atlas Mountains

Jonathan Wyrtzen

in Making Morocco: Colonial Intervention and the Politics of Identity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9781501700231
eISBN:
9781501704253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501700231.003.0004
Subject:
History, African History

This chapter examines how the creation of a colonial political field catalyzed external and internal identification processes among rural and urban groups enclosed in the field. Drawing on an archive ... More


The Learned Press: Geography, Science, and Mathematics

Vittoria Feola and Scott Mandelbrote

in The History of Oxford University Press: Volume I: Beginnings to 1780

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199557318
eISBN:
9780191772320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557318.003.0011
Subject:
History, Cultural History, Economic History

This chapter surveys works on the natural and physical sciences, geography and mathematics, and discusses how from the mid-seventeenth century new scholarship worked to capitalize on the ... More


Consuming La Bella Figura: Charles Atlas and American Masculinity, 1910–1940

Dominique Padurano

in Making Italian America: Consumer Culture and the Production of Ethnic Identities

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823256235
eISBN:
9780823261741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256235.003.0006
Subject:
History, Economic History

The biography of pioneering body-builder Charles Atlas (né Angelo Siciliano) illuminates the paths of the commodification of the Italian American male body against the backdrop of the consumer ... More


William Smellie, man-midwife and instructor

Robert Woods and Chris Galley

in Mrs Stone & Dr Smellie: Eighteenth-Century Midwives and their Patients

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781781381410
eISBN:
9781781382158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381410.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on William Smellie's work — the case notes, an obstetrical atlas, and a midwifery textbook — published in London during the 1740s and 1750s, placing the work in a demographic ... More


Berber Policy Tribe And State

Edmund Burke

in The Ethnographic State: France and the Invention of Moroccan Islam

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520273818
eISBN:
9780520957992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273818.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

When the protectorate began, the French had no prior knowledge of the Thamazight-speaking pastoralist Middle Atlas Berber groups. This produced a major debacle in the period 1912–1914, when French ... More


Nineteenth-Century Maps of the Middle Ages

in Historical Atlases: The First Three Hundred Years, 1570-1870

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226300719
eISBN:
9780226300726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226300726.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

A compiler with a wide knowledge of eighteenth-century historical maps, and a restrained critical sense, might have complained that the accumulated labors of cartographers had yielded an ... More


Conclusion

in Historical Atlases: The First Three Hundred Years, 1570-1870

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226300719
eISBN:
9780226300726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226300726.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

Nineteenth-century maps for medieval history added nothing new to the ways in which the past is portrayed. Examples of these methods, or types, can be detected in the earliest period and continue to ... More


The Graphic Foundations of American History

Susan Schulten

in Mapping the Nation: History and Cartography in Nineteenth-Century America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226740683
eISBN:
9780226740706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226740706.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

In colonial America, maps were rarely used to make sense of the past. The birth of the American Republic made maps an important tool for documenting a “national” past that extended back to the ... More


The Cartographic Consolidation of America

Susan Schulten

in Mapping the Nation: History and Cartography in Nineteenth-Century America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226740683
eISBN:
9780226740706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226740706.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

While the Civil War was raging, physician Edwin Leigh tried to map the strength of slavery. Enthralled by the power of maps to visualize data, Leigh wanted to gauge the power of slavery in Missouri. ... More


The Manufactured Map, 1790–1830: Centralization and Integration from Mathew Carey to John Melish

Martin Brückner

in Social Life of Maps in America, 1750-1860

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469632605
eISBN:
9781469632612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469632605.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The symbolic and social value of maps changed irreversibly at the turn of the nineteenth century when Mathew Carey and John Melish introduced the business model of the manufactured map. During the ... More


Looking Small and Made to Go: The Atlas and the Rise of the Cartographic Vade Mecum

Martin Brückner

in Social Life of Maps in America, 1750-1860

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469632605
eISBN:
9781469632612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469632605.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter shows that the vast majority of maps entered the lives of Americans in the closed format of books or booklike objects. Folded or glued into bindings of different sizes, mapmakers ... More


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