Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-10 of 10 items for:

  • Keywords: analogies x
  • Moral Philosophy x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Casuistry: Ruled by Cases

Tom Tomlinson

in Methods in Medical Ethics: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195161243
eISBN:
9780199950317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161243.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

After rejecting several mistaken understandings of what “casuistry” denotes, I focus on a key defining feature– its reliance on analogy as a form of reasoning—and discuss arguments to be made on ... More


Propriety and Truth: (1) Preliminary History

Arthur N. Prior

in Logic and the Basis of Ethics

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter gives a proposal to consider more fully a view that there is some special analogy or even identity between wrongness in action and falsehood or self-contradiction in theory. The concepts ... More


Propriety and Truth: (2) Facts and Norms

Arthur N. Prior

in Logic and the Basis of Ethics

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses Hume and whether one can find whether a moral judgment is to be identified with the judgment that an object is evoking in us a feeling of approval or disapproval. The ... More


The Life-Saving Analogy

Garrett Cullity

in The Moral Demands of Affluence

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199258116
eISBN:
9780191602221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258112.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many writers have followed Peter Singer in drawing an analogy between assisting needy people at a distance and saving someone’s life directly. Arguments based on this analogy can take either a ... More


Theory and Analogy in Law and Philosophy

F. M. Kamm

in Bioethical Prescriptions: To Create, End, Choose, and Improve Lives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199971985
eISBN:
9780199346141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199971985.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses Ronald Dworkin's view that theory rather than analogy is what is needed in legal reasoning. It argues that analogy, and, in general, the use of the sort of case-based reasoning ... More


Analogies to Adoption in Arguments Against Anonymous Gamete Donation: Geneticizing the Desire to Know

Kimberly Leighton

in Family-Making: Contemporary Ethical Challenges

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199656066
eISBN:
9780191757099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656066.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In discussions of donor-assisted conception, a right to know one’s genetic ancestry has been invoked to capture the harm of anonymous gamete donation. Defenders of the view that someone who was ... More


Editors’ Introduction

Ryan Jenkins, Michael Robillard, and Bradley Jay Strawser

in Who Should Die?: The Ethics of Killing in War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190495657
eISBN:
9780190495671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190495657.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In recent years, the military ethics community has been rent by controversy over the concept of liability to harm. Analysis and application of this concept are necessary to inform our positions about ... More


Railton’s Defence of Soft Naturalism

Derek Parfit

in On What Matters: Volume Three

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198778608
eISBN:
9780191853487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198778608.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides a counterpoint to arguments from the previous chapters. One such argument is that naturalists cannot defend their view by appealing to scientific analogies, such as the fact ... More


Speculative Argument and Bioethics

John McMillan

in The Methods of Bioethics: An Essay in Meta-Bioethics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199603756
eISBN:
9780191862885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199603756.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Speculative reason is an important aspect of practical reason and one of the core activities in Socratic moral reason. Speculating, or posing ‘what if?’ questions when reasoning about ethics can take ... More


Moral Perception Defended

Robert Audi

in Evaluative Perception

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198786054
eISBN:
9780191827747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786054.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter extends Robert Audi's theory of moral perception and answers some objections from the literature. It distinguishes the perceptible from the perceptual; develops a structural analogy ... More


View: