Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-9 of 9 items for:

  • Keywords: analogies x
  • Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Paul Bartha

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book proposes a theory of analogical arguments, with special focus on analogies in mathematics and science. The core principle of the theory is that a good analogical argument must articulate a ... More


Computational Theories

Paul F. A. Bartha

in By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter selectively reviews computational theories of analogical reasoning from Evans, Gentner, Holyoak and Thagard, Ashley, Carbonell, and Hofstadter. While these theories provide insight into ... More


The Articulation Model

Paul F. A. Bartha

in By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter proposes the articulation model for evaluating analogical arguments. The core of the model consists of two principles. First, there must be a prior association, a clear relationship in ... More


Analogies in Mathematics

Paul F. A. Bartha

in By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter is devoted to the special class of mathematical analogies. Following Poincaré, it is argued that analogical arguments in mathematics provide clear support for a link between good ... More


Similarity and Patterns of Generalization

Paul F. A. Bartha

in By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter develops the thesis that the goal of an analogical argument is to generalize a particular logical, causal or explanatory relationship. Three separate types of similarity prominent in ... More


A Wider Role for Analogies

Paul F. A. Bartha

in By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This concluding chapter outlines how my theory of analogical arguments can be extended to analogies in scientific revolutions and, more generally, outside science. As an example, Hacking's analogical ... More


The picture theory

Michael Potter

in Wittgenstein's Notes on Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199215836
eISBN:
9780191721243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215836.003.0026
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Everyone who writes about the Tractatus agrees that the picture theory is one of its central themes, but there is less agreement about just what is meant by the ‘picture theory’. Some use the phrase ... More


Propriety and Truth: (1) Preliminary History

Arthur N. Prior

in Logic and the Basis of Ethics

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter gives a proposal to consider more fully a view that there is some special analogy or even identity between wrongness in action and falsehood or self-contradiction in theory. The concepts ... More


Propriety and Truth: (2) Facts and Norms

Arthur N. Prior

in Logic and the Basis of Ethics

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses Hume and whether one can find whether a moral judgment is to be identified with the judgment that an object is evoking in us a feeling of approval or disapproval. The ... More


View: