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Where There's a Will There's a Way: Causation and Freedom

Robert Hanna

in Kant, Science, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285549
eISBN:
9780191713965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285549.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the same basic Kantian presuppositional links with respect to causation. It begins by unpacking the basics of Kant's metaphysics of causation, with special reference to the ... More


Blind Men before a Fire: Empiricism and the Idea of God

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that Hume's theory of ideas has deep roots in Hobbes's account of the nature and origin of our ideas, as presented in both Human Nature and Leviathan. Although Hume modifies ... More


Induction, Analogy, and a Future State: Hume's “Guide of Life”

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Although there is considerable disagreement among commentators about the extent of Hume's skeptical commitments on the subject of induction, most are agreed that what he has to say has little or ... More


Diachronic Manifolds: The Analogies of Experience

Jay F. Rosenberg

in Accessing Kant: A relaxed introduction to the Critique of Pure Reason

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199275816
eISBN:
9780191699849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275816.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The synthetic a priori principles whose objective validity is to be secured in the Analogies, in contrast, are not constitutive but rather regulative. They concern appearances, Kant tells us, with ... More


Kant's Theory of Knowledge: An Analytical Introduction

Georges Dicker

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195153064
eISBN:
9780199835027
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153065.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book expounds, analyzes, and appraises the constructive part of Kant’s theory of knowledge, as presented in the Prefaces, Introduction, Transcendental Aesthetic, and especially the ... More


Kant on Causality: What Was He Trying to Prove?

Béatrice Longuenesse

in Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195177602
eISBN:
9780199835553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177606.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter is divided into three sections. The first considers Kant's formulation of the problem of causality. It argues that Kant's questioning of the causal principle and his analysis of the ... More


Categories and Principles of the Understanding

Georges Dicker

in Kant's Theory of Knowledge: An Analytical Introduction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195153064
eISBN:
9780199835027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153065.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter introduces Kant’s theory of categories and corresponding principles. It explains and evaluates Kant’s attempt to derive his categories from forms of judgment. It also discusses in detail ... More


Duration and Persistence: Substance in the Analogies

Jay F. Rosenberg

in Accessing Kant: A relaxed introduction to the Critique of Pure Reason

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199275816
eISBN:
9780191699849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275816.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses what we normally think of as two temporally separated perceptions of a single object. As Hume observed, such perceptual experiences are numerically distinct occurrences ‘in the ... More


Succession and Simultaneity: Causation in the Analogies

Jay F. Rosenberg

in Accessing Kant: A relaxed introduction to the Critique of Pure Reason

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199275816
eISBN:
9780191699849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275816.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter talks about the problem of the Second Analogy—it rests on the observation that our experience is temporarily discursive, or as Kant repeatedly stresses ‘as the subjective succession of ... More


Judgement and the Manifold of Appearance

Paul Abela

in Kant's Empirical Realism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242740
eISBN:
9780191697173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242740.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Analogies, as testified by the sheer volume of secondary literature produced since the original publication of the Critique of Pure Reasons, constitute the heart and soul of Immanuel Kant's ... More


The “mystery” of consciousness

Paul Horwich

in Wittgenstein's Metaphilosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199588879
eISBN:
9780191744716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588879.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

The goal of this chapter is to explain Wittgenstein's view that the familiar philosophical perplexities of consciousness are the result of recognizably defective assumptions rather than the ... More


Hypotheses and analogy

Peter R. Anstey

in John Locke and Natural Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199589777
eISBN:
9780191725487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589777.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that Locke believed hypotheses and analogical reasoning play a minor role in natural philosophical method and that this view is consistent with that of the proponents of the ... More


Constituted Platonism, Reason, and Mathematical Knowledge

Richard Tieszen

in After Gödel: Platonism and Rationalism in Mathematics and Logic

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199606207
eISBN:
9780191725500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606207.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Many of the ideas in the previous chapters are brought together in the account of the knowledge of abstract mathematical objects presented in this chapter. The chapter commences with a description of ... More


The Singular Voice of Being: John Duns Scotus and Ultimate Difference

Andrew T. LaZella

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780823284573
eISBN:
9780823286294
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823284573.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The Singular Voice of Being: John Duns Scotus and Ultimate Difference reconsiders John Duns Scotus’s well-covered theory of the univocity of being in light of his less explored discussions of ... More


Garrett on Hume’s Notion of a True Religion

Robert J. Fogelin

in Hume's Presence in The Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190673505
eISBN:
9780190673536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190673505.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Don Garrett explains what Hume means by “true religion,” a doctrine, enunciated by Philo, that Hume regarded as true in an epistemic sense, not evaluative. Philo’s concluding assessment of the ... More


Part Five

Robert J. Fogelin

in Hume's Presence in The Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190673505
eISBN:
9780190673536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190673505.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Philo continues to subject Cleanthes’ machine-analogy arguments to Pyrrhonist challenges, and anticipates Cleanthes’ (Part 12) summary view that the origin of the universe “may bear some remote ... More


Parts Six and Seven

Robert J. Fogelin

in Hume's Presence in The Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190673505
eISBN:
9780190673536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190673505.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Demea, Philo, and Hume himself find that a finite deity—the best that natural theology can produce—is unsatisfactory for veneration and worship. Alternative starting places for the teleological ... More


Efficient Causation in Kant

Eric Watkins

in Efficient Causation: A History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199782185
eISBN:
9780199395583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782185.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter describes how Kant’s views on causality, which contrast starkly with both his empiricist and his rationalist predecessors, are developed in most abstract form in the principles and ... More


Time Out of Mind: Kant’s System of Principles of Pure Understanding

Waxman Wayne

in Kant's Anatomy of the Intelligent Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199328314
eISBN:
9780199369348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199328314.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 17 deals with Kant’s system of principles of pure understanding, focusing particularly on the three Analogies of Experience. It relates the first two Analogies to Hume by taking the linear ... More


Our Place in Nature and Its Place in Us

Waxman Wayne

in Kant's Anatomy of the Intelligent Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199328314
eISBN:
9780199369348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199328314.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter utilizes the distinction between community as commercium and as communioto make sense of Kant’s conception of the empirical self, its place in material nature, the explication of nature ... More


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