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The Accumulation of International Reserves as a Defense Strategy

Fernando J. Cardim de Carvalho

in Time for a Visible Hand: Lessons from the 2008 World Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199578801
eISBN:
9780191723285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578801.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

The chapter by Carvalho explores the accumulation of international reserves as a defensive strategy, as well as the reasons and limitations of their “self‐insurance” function. Conceptually, countries ... More


The Effect of Credit on Savings

L. Albert Hahn

in Economic Theory of Bank Credit

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198723073
eISBN:
9780191789649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723073.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

No genuinely new savings can be made without a preceding credit creation. However, the amount of savings in the economy determines whether a new credit increases the number of granted credits at a ... More


Growth in Private and Command Economies

Dipankar Dasgupta

in Modern Growth Theory

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198069966
eISBN:
9780199080458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069966.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter describes a fully planned economy and examines the optimal path a planner will choose. It introduces elements of control theory, an important mathematical tool employed by modern growth ... More


Technical progress as a Conscious Economic Activity — II

Dipankar Dasgupta

in Modern Growth Theory

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198069966
eISBN:
9780199080458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069966.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter discusses the association between knowledge-based specialization and economic growth. By considering the link between economic growth and knowledge accumulation, the chapter views ... More


Wealth Accumulation, Ageing, and House Prices

Francesca Bastagli and John Hills

in Wealth in the UK: Distribution, Accumulation, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678303
eISBN:
9780191757594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678303.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter uses BHPS data to investigate how households built up wealth between 1995 and 2005. According to theory, differences in wealth-holdings across households are influenced by the life-cycle ... More


Concluding Thoughts

Atish R. Ghosh, Jonathan D. Ostry, and Mahvash S. Qureshi

in Taming the Tide of Capital Flows: A Policy Guide

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037167
eISBN:
9780262343756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037167.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This concluding chapter argues that the policy makers' vade mecum laid out in the previous chapter raises broader issues for the global monetary system. Notwithstanding the fact that some of the ... More


Current Debt Crisis in Historical Perspective

S. Ali Abbas, Nazim Belhocine, Asmaa El-Ganainy, and Anke Weber

in Post-crisis Fiscal Policy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027182
eISBN:
9780262324113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027182.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the ongoing debt crisis in advanced economies in historical perspective, with a view to identifying significant drivers of debt accumulation and subsequent debt reductions. The ... More


Introduction

Alberto Alesina and Francesco Giavazzi

in Fiscal Policy after the Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226018447
eISBN:
9780226018584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226018584.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This introductory chapter presents the main themes covered in this book. Specifically, it discusses key issues arising from the most recent financial crisis, including discretionary countercyclical ... More


Demographic Trends, Housing Equity, and the Financial Security of Future Retirees

James M. Poterba, Steven F. Venti, and David A. Wise

in Demography and the Economy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226754727
eISBN:
9780226754758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226754758.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter explores one of the largest asset categories for present and future retirees, namely the equity in their homes. For most people, the big three asset categories in retirement are social ... More


Capital Flows and Controls in Brazil: What Have We Learned?

Ilan Goldfajn and André Minella

in Capital Controls and Capital Flows in Emerging Economies: Policies, Practices, and Consequences

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226184975
eISBN:
9780226184999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226184999.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter reviews Brazil's experience with capital controls. In spite of the significant progress in terms of capital account liberalization and currency convertibility attained since the early ... More


Discussion of the French and British Conundrums

Dan Andrews

in Productivity Puzzles Across Europe

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198786160
eISBN:
9780191827860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786160.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter stresses three common factors relevant to labour productivity performance that may warrant more discussion in the contexts of both France and the United Kingdom, which have been ... More


Europe’s Long-Term Growth Prospects: With and Without Structural Reforms

Kieran McQuinn and Karl Whelan

in The Political Economy of Structural Reforms in Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198821878
eISBN:
9780191861000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821878.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Even before the financial crisis of 2007/8, there were questions about Europe’s long-term growth prospects. Since the mid-1990s, Euro area productivity growth had been falling behind that of the ... More


Endogenous Growth

Jean-Pascal Bénassy

in Macroeconomic Theory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780195387711
eISBN:
9780190261405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195387711.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the models of endogenous growth, in which the rate of growth is sensitive to the rate of factor accumulation, and technical progress is an economic activity that results from ... More


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