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Species diversity

Russell Lande, Steinar Engen, and Bernt-Erik SÆther

in Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525257
eISBN:
9780191584930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525257.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces the species abundance distribution in a community or random sample. It describes statistical procedures that account for sampling variance in the estimated abundance of each ... More


Genetics of Late Life Involve Antagonistic Pleiotropy

Laurence D. Muller

in Does Aging Stop?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199754229
eISBN:
9780199896714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754229.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Reverse evolution experiments implicate antagonistic pleiotropy in the evolution of both mortality and fecundity during late life. Hybridization experiments do not implicate mutation accumulation in ... More


The Failed State of Fire Suppression

Sara E. Jensen and Guy R. McPherson

in Living with Fire: Fire Ecology and Policy for the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255890
eISBN:
9780520942516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255890.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter presents a historical overview of federal fire suppression efforts and their ecological and economic consequences. Fire policy and management strategies from 1910 to the 1970s were ... More


The quantitative genetics of senescence in wild animals

Anne Charmantier, Jon E. Brommer, and Daniel H. Nussey

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199674237
eISBN:
9780191779275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674237.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ecology

There is now overwhelming empirical evidence for age-related declines in fitness-related traits, i.e. senescence, during adulthood in wild vertebrate populations, presumably underpinned by ... More


Paleopathology and Taphonomic Modification of Mammalian Bones from Porcupine Cave

C. Suzane Ware and Elaine Anderson

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the paleopathology and taphonomic modifications evident in several specimens recovered from the Porcupine Cave deposits. It also provides background information about bone ... More


The Early Cambrian Radiation of Mollusca

Pavel Yu. Parkhaev

in Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520250925
eISBN:
9780520933705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520250925.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the radiation of the Mollusca during the early Cambrian period. It provides a brief history of the study of ancient molluscs and their systematic interpretation, describes major ... More


Sauropoda

Paul Upchurch, Paul M. Barrett, and Peter Dodson

in The Dinosauria

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242098
eISBN:
9780520941434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242098.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the evolutionary relationships of sauropods using cladistic analysis. It also describes in the detail their paleobiology, taphonomy, and paleoecology. Sauropod dinosaurs include ... More


Rapid evolution in experimental populations of major life forms

Jianping Xu

in Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines rates of biological evolution via two complementary approaches. The dominant approach is through analyzing naturally occurring biotic and abiotic samples. The less common ... More


Emissions, Deposition, and Accumulation

William G. Wilson

in Stormwater: A Resource for Scientists, Engineers, and Policy Makers

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226364957
eISBN:
9780226365145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226365145.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses pollution emissions and deposition in urban areas, which range from smokestacks to cars and trucks shedding pollutants and stirring up roadside dust to forest fires releasing ... More


: A Practical Approach to the Study of Bonebeds

David A. Eberth, Raymond R. Rogers, and Anthony R. Fiorillo

in Bonebeds: Genesis, Analysis, and Paleobiological Significance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226723709
eISBN:
9780226723730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226723730.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Every bonebed preserved in the stratigraphic record reflects the interplay of complex physical, chemical, and biological phenomena. Rocks provide the overall context for bonebeds preserved in the ... More


Larval Transport in the Coastal Zone: Biological and Physical Processes

Jesús Pineda and Nathalie Reyns (eds)

in Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786962
eISBN:
9780191829086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786962.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Larval transport is fundamental to several ecological processes, yet it remains unresolved for the majority of systems. We define larval transport, and describe its components, namely, larval ... More


Productivity and peat accumulation

Håkan Rydin and John K. Jeglum

in The Biology of Peatlands

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199602995
eISBN:
9780191810138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199602995.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on peatland productivity and accumulation (above- and below-ground). It begins with an overview of peatland biomass and productivity before describing processes underlying the ... More


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