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The United States and the GATT/WTO System

Gautam Sen

in US Hegemony and International Organizations: The United States and Multilateral Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261437
eISBN:
9780191599309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261431.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

An examination is made of the relationship between the US and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), and its successor, the World Trade Organization, addressing the crucial question of ... More


Power Multiplied or Power Restrained? the United States and Multilateral Institutions in the Americas

Hal Klepak

in US Hegemony and International Organizations: The United States and Multilateral Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261437
eISBN:
9780191599309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261431.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The central argument is that US power, once established as predominant in the hemisphere, has been nothing short of decisive in the founding, nature, and functioning of the regional multilateral ... More


Votes, Vetoes, and the Political Economy of International Trade Agreements

Edward D. Mansfield and Helen V. Milner

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135298
eISBN:
9781400842537
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135298.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Preferential trading arrangements (PTAs) play an increasingly prominent role in the global political economy, two notable examples being the European Union and the North American Free Trade ... More


Developing States and the End of the Cold War: Liberalization, Globalization, and Their Consequences

Gautam Sen

in The Third World Beyond the Cold War: Continuity and Change

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295518
eISBN:
9780191599217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295510.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The first section of this chapter examines the political and economic context of change in developing countries: the two themes are the evolution of the international economy, especially since the ... More


The Bali Trade Facilitation Agreement and Rulemaking in the WTO: Milestone, Mistake, or Mirage?

Bernard Hoekman

in The World Trade System: Trends and Challenges

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035231
eISBN:
9780262337687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035231.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The WTO Agreement on Trade Facilitation (TFA) embodies the first set of new multilateral rules to have been negotiated under auspices of the WTO, part of a small package of decisions centering on ... More


The European Union and South Korea: The Legal Framework for Strengthening Trade, Economic and Political Relations

James Harrison (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780748668601
eISBN:
9780748684335
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748668601.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The past decade has witnessed a proliferation of bilateral and regional cooperation in all parts of the world. The European Union (EU) and South Korea have both been involved in this trend. In 2010, ... More


The World Trade System: Trends and Challenges

Jagdish N. Bhagwati, Pravin Krishna, and Arvind Panagariya (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035231
eISBN:
9780262337687
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035231.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

When the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) metamorphosed into the WTO in 1994, it seemed that the third pillar of the international economic superstructure was finally put in place. And ... More


The World Trade System Today

Jagdish N. Bhagwati, Pravin Krishna, and Arvind Panagariya

in The World Trade System: Trends and Challenges

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035231
eISBN:
9780262337687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035231.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses on going trends in the world trade system. The landscape of the international trade system has undergone substantial change in recent decades. While many multilateral successes ... More


Dial PTAs for Peace: The Influence of Preferential Trade Agreements on Litigation between Trading Partners

Petros C. Mavroidis and André Sapir

in The World Trade System: Trends and Challenges

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035231
eISBN:
9780262337687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035231.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Preferential trade agreements (PTAs) are en vogue both as policy tool, as well as research subject. We do not beg to differ. In this paper, inspired by the in-going negotiations between the EU ... More


From the GATT Gospel to Democratic Global Governance: Legitimating the GATT and the World Trade Organization

Klaus Dingwerth

in International Organizations under Pressure: Legitimating Global Governance in Challenging Times

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198837893
eISBN:
9780191874499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198837893.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The chapter re-examines the history of legitimation contests around the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the World Trade Organization (WTO). Descriptively, it shows how ... More


The North American Idea: A Vision of a Continental Future

Robert A. Pastor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199782413
eISBN:
9780190252526
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199782413.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

In its first seven years, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) tripled trade and quintupled foreign investment among the US, Mexico, and Canada, increasing its share of the world economy. ... More


New Policies for North America’s Twenty-First Century: A Blueprint

Robert A. Pastor

in The North American Idea: A Vision of a Continental Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199782413
eISBN:
9780190252526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199782413.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter offers a blueprint of twenty proposals that could be the building blocks of a North American Community. They are grouped into four broad areas dealing with: the North American economy; ... More


Policymakers’ Responses to Firms in the United States

Margaret E. Peters

in Trading Barriers: Immigration and the Remaking of Globalization

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174488
eISBN:
9781400885374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174488.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the effect of trade openness, firm mobility, and productivity on support for immigration in the United States by analyzing immigration votes in the Senate. It considers two time ... More


Speed Bumps, Potholes, and Roadblocks on the North American Superhighway

Robert A. Pastor

in The North American Idea: A Vision of a Continental Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199782413
eISBN:
9780190252526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199782413.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses how North America's problems are speed bumps (new 9/11 restrictions); potholes (the failure to maintain or build roads and infrastructure); roadblocks (policies that prevent ... More


India’s and China’s Economic Standing in Asia: The Political Economy of India’s Look East Policy

Frédéric Grare

in India Turns East: International Engagement and US-China Rivalry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190859336
eISBN:
9780190872595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190859336.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Although entwined with other motivations, the primary objective of the Look East Policy was and remains economic. Indian policy makers felt the need to bridge the gap caused by China’s twelve years ... More


A Piñata for Pandering Pundits and Politicians

Robert A. Pastor

in The North American Idea: A Vision of a Continental Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199782413
eISBN:
9780190252526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199782413.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter begins with an assessment of the relationship between the US, Canada, and Mexico. It then discusses the hopes and fears of NAFTA; concerns over the possible loss of US sovereignty due to ... More


A North American Community: A Vision

Robert A. Pastor

in The North American Idea: A Vision of a Continental Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199782413
eISBN:
9780190252526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199782413.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses the need for a North American Community. Issues such as drugs, violence, economic progress, immigration, border security, and trade problems cannot be effectively addressed by ... More


The year 1966 and the revival of the IRA ‘threat’

Matt Treacy

in The IRA 1956-69: Rethinking the Republic

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719084720
eISBN:
9781781700068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719084720.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Dáil passed the Anglo-Irish Free Trade Agreement (FTA) on January 7, 1966 by 66 votes to 19. The Labour Party opposed the measure and Fine Gael abstained. The Wolfe Tone Society congratulated the ... More


Who Speaks for North America?

Robert A. Pastor

in The North American Idea: A Vision of a Continental Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199782413
eISBN:
9780190252526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199782413.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter begins with a review of the stereotypes that characterize Americans, Canadians, and Mexicans. It then addresses the question of whether Canadians and Mexicans are anti-American, and ... More


Transcending the Borders

Robert A. Pastor

in The North American Idea: A Vision of a Continental Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199782413
eISBN:
9780190252526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199782413.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses the spread and deepening of North America. It is about a continental market that is being constructed—a market that is not just a place where goods are bought and sold, but ... More


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