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Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Jeanette Gundel and Nancy Hedberg

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331639
eISBN:
9780199867981
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331639.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The ability to produce and understand referring expressions is basic to human language use and human cognition. Reference comprises the ability to think of and represent objects (both real and ... More


Looking Both Ways: The JANUS Model of Noun Phrase Anaphor Processing

Alan Garnham and H. Wind Cowles

in Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331639
eISBN:
9780199867981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331639.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter presents a new model of coreferential noun phrase anaphora processing, JANUS, within the mental models framework. It summarizes previous research on NP anaphora that is most pertinent to ... More


Reference, Centers, and Transitions in Spoken Spanish

Maite Taboada

in Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331639
eISBN:
9780199867981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331639.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The goal of this chapter is to examine the relationship between Centering transitions (Grosz et al., 1995) and choice of referring expression. For that purpose, analyses based in Centering Theory ... More


LCCM Theory in context

Vyvyan Evans

in How Words Mean: Lexical Concepts, Cognitive Models, and Meaning Construction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199234660
eISBN:
9780191715495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234660.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This final chapter presents a summary of the key findings detailed in the book, as well as examines the implications of LCCM Theory for future research directions in cognitive science.


Word meaning in LCCM Theory

Vyvyan Evans

in How Words Mean: Lexical Concepts, Cognitive Models, and Meaning Construction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199234660
eISBN:
9780191715495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234660.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter reviews a number of perspectives on word meaning which acknowledge the variability in word meaning described in previous chapters. One of the main difficulties with all of the ... More


13 13 Conclusion

Ash Asudeh

in The Logic of Pronominal Resumption

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199206421
eISBN:
9780191738081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206421.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter reviews the book's main claims and findings. It also outlines some joint predictions of the Resource Management Theory of Resumption and the processing model. Some alternative approaches ... More


A Formal Model of Utterance Interpretation

LUTZ MARTEN

in At the Syntax-Pragmatics Interface: Verbal Underspecification and Concept Formation in Dynamic Syntax

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199250639
eISBN:
9780191719479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250639.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter provides the theoretical background to the study. Based on the two major theories behind the analysis — Dynamic Syntax and Relevance Theory — it develops a formal model of utterance ... More


The Interpretation of Underspecified Verbs

LUTZ MARTEN

in At the Syntax-Pragmatics Interface: Verbal Underspecification and Concept Formation in Dynamic Syntax

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199250639
eISBN:
9780191719479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250639.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter is concerned with the interpretation of underspecified verbs. It shows that standard model-theoretic approaches cannot be extended to this dynamic view of verbs since they presuppose a ... More


A Semantic Ontology for Dialogue

Jonathan Ginzburg

in The Interactive Stance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697922
eISBN:
9780191738425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697922.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter describes the semantic ontology which is the basis for subsequent representation of dialogue contexts. It suggests that a semantic ontology for dialogue needs to provide the following: ... More


Resumption

Ash Asudeh

in The Logic of Pronominal Resumption

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199206421
eISBN:
9780191738081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206421.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter reviews data on various kinds of resumption. I first examine resumptive pronouns in unbounded dependencies in languages where they are fully grammatically licensed, in particular Irish, ... More


The Resource Management Theory of Resumption

Ash Asudeh

in The Logic of Pronominal Resumption

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199206421
eISBN:
9780191738081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206421.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter presents the main theory of the book. The Resource Management Theory of Resumption (RMTR) is based on two key assumptions. the first is the Resource Sensitivity Hypothesis (RSH), that ... More


What Must and Can Must and Can Mean *

Angelika Kratzer

in Modals and Conditionals: New and Revised Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199234684
eISBN:
9780191738432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234684.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

The chapter presents an account of the meaning of “must” and “can” that relies on general principles for reasoning from premise sets. Premise sets can be inconsistent, so the account has to allow for ... More


Architectural Issues

Robert Truswell

in Events, Phrases, and Questions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199577774
eISBN:
9780191725319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577774.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

A locality condition stated in terms of events raises questions concerning modularity. Why can a syntactic condition be constrained by semantic factors. Attempts to syntacticize the Single Event ... More


Optimality-Theoretic Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics: From Uni- to Bidirectional Optimization

Géraldine Legendre, Michael T. Putnam, Henriëtte de Swart, and Erin Zaroukian (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198757115
eISBN:
9780191817021
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757115.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

Although optimization is a central and pervasive concept in the study of the mind, perhaps in no domain of cognitive inquiry is this concept and its accompanying processes less broadly accepted than ... More


Attitude Datives in Social Context – The Analytic Tools

Youssef A. Haddad

in The Sociopragmatics of Attitude Datives in Levantine Arabic

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474434072
eISBN:
9781474444866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474434072.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter defines attitude datives as evaluative and relational pragmatic markers that allow the speaker to present material from a specific perspective and to invite the hearer to view the ... More


Related Approaches

Mark Steedman

in Taking Scope: The Natural Semantics of Quantifiers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017077
eISBN:
9780262301404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017077.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter looks at a number of approaches related to the present theory, including Discourse Representation Theory (DRT), which assumes that discourse referents are object symbols and generalized ... More


Blocking effects at the lexicon/semantics interface and bidirectional optimization in French

Géraldine Legendre, Paul Smolensky, and Jennifer Culbertson

in Optimality-Theoretic Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics: From Uni- to Bidirectional Optimization

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198757115
eISBN:
9780191817021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757115.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

We document two cases of partial blocking at the lexicon/semantics interface concerning the interpretation of inchoative French verbs (craquer ‘snap’, se briser ‘break’, (se) casser ‘break’). One ... More


Constructing a constraint-based model

Chris Cummins

in Constraints on Numerical Expressions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199687909
eISBN:
9780191767326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687909.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter sets out the framework used throughout the rest of the book, which treats the speaker’s choice of utterance as a problem of multiple constraint satisfaction. It motivates the use of ... More


Deriving predictions from the constraint-based account

Chris Cummins

in Constraints on Numerical Expressions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199687909
eISBN:
9780191767326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687909.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter discusses how the constraints presented in the previous chapter are predicted to influence speakers’ selection of quantity expressions, working within a framework of Optimality Theory ... More


Where do motivations compete?

Frederick J. Newmeyer

in Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198709848
eISBN:
9780191780158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709848.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter is devoted to analyzing the locus of competing functional motivations. There are, broadly speaking, two positions on this issue, called “direct competition” (DC) and “indirect ... More


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