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Internal Revolutions: The Hicksite Schism and Its Consequences

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines the causes and ramifications of the 1827–1828 Hicksite-Orthodox split among Friends, arguing that theological and personality differences sparked the divide. In the 1820s, ... More


Finding a Path of Virtue in a Revolutionary World

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines how Friends' pacifism during the American Revolution, coupled with their decision to end slaveholding, led white Virginians to suspect Friends' patriotism. Following the example ... More


A “Nest of Abolitionists”: Antislavery Goals and Southern Identities

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines Quaker antislavery after 1830, arguing that Friends' activism was constrained by the white community's growing intolerance of dissent and by Friends' economic and cultural ... More


Friends Come to Northern Virginia

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter explains why Pennsylvania Friends' settled in northern Virginia after 1730: to obtain cheap land that they believed necessary to maintain their religious households and ensure the ... More


Embracing “the Oppressor as Well as the Oppressed”: Quaker Antislavery before 1830

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 4 explores northern Virginia Friends' antislavery efforts before 1830 and the reasons they adopted deferential and gradualist tactics, including colonization. Friends condemned slavery ... More


Strengthening the Bonds of Fellowship: The Domestic and Public Lives of Quaker Women

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 6 considers the impact of western movement on northern Virginia's Quaker women. Migration disrupted economic bonds forged by Quaker merchants and farmers and produced a growing gender ... More


“The Union Forever”: Northern Virginia Quakers in the Civil War

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 8 examines the experience of northern Virginia's Friends during the Civil War. Friends faced arrest, conscription, and imprisonment from hostile Confederate forces and confiscation of their ... More


The “Worldly Cares and Business” of Friends

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 3 explores the way in which Quaker business ethics and success, and Friends' economic contributions to the regional economy, their civic concerns, and social respectability enabled them ... More


Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

A. Glenn Crothers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This book explores the experience of the Society of Friends (Quakers) in northern Virginia between the 1730s and 1865. The spiritual convictions of this religious minority, particularly the belief in ... More


Introduction

Michael J. Crawford

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden: The Quaker Struggle to Free Slaves in Revolutionary North Carolina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034706
eISBN:
9780813038346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034706.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

George Walton, captain of a merchant ship from Perquimans County, North Carolina, who had only recently joined the Quakers, had a long, complex, and vivid dream during the night of 17 December 1772. ... More


Prologue: Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The prologue introduces Samuel M. Janney, Quaker minister, educator, historian, and antislavery activist. His 1849 arrest by a Loudoun County, Virginia, grand jury for inciting slave revolt ... More


Epilogue: Conflicting Paths of Virtue in Nineteenth-Century America

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The epilogue briefly traces Friends' post-Civil War efforts to aid freedpeople and Native Americans in Nebraska. More important, it raises broad philosophical questions about the issue of means and ... More


Family and Faith, 1790–1828

Nancy A. Hewitt

in Radical Friend: Amy Kirby Post and Her Activist Worlds

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469640327
eISBN:
9781469641423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640327.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Amy Kirby Post’s life as a social activist was rooted in the Quaker farm community in which she was raised. Born in 1802 in Jericho, New York, Amy Kirby was surrounded by grandparents, aunts, uncles, ... More


1797: A Bill to Thwart Quaker Manumissions

Michael J. Crawford

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden: The Quaker Struggle to Free Slaves in Revolutionary North Carolina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034706
eISBN:
9780813038346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034706.003.0024
Subject:
History, African-American History

In January 1797, Thomas Jordan, clerk of the Standing Committee of the Eastern Quarter of the North Carolina Yearly Meeting, sent a printed copy of a bill that had been proposed in the North Carolina ... More


1798: The Society of Friends Reacts to the House's Rejection of Its Memorial

Michael J. Crawford

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden: The Quaker Struggle to Free Slaves in Revolutionary North Carolina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034706
eISBN:
9780813038346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034706.003.0029
Subject:
History, African-American History

The chapter presents the minutes of the Pennsylvania Yearly Meeting for Sufferings held on 16 February 1798. The minutes said that the memorial “issued in a Conclusion of the United States ... More


George F. White and Hicksite Opposition to the Abolitionist Movement

Thomas D. Hamm

in Quakers and Abolition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038266
eISBN:
9780252096129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038266.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter focuses on the antebellum era, a critical period of transformation and dissension. Concentrating on the prominent minister George F. White, it reveals how White's opposition to ... More


“The power that giveth liberty and freedom” Barbados, 1657–76

Brycchan Carey

in From Peace to Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300180770
eISBN:
9780300182279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180770.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter concentrates on the Quaker experience in seventeenth-century Barbados, beginning with a detailed examination of George Fox's 1657 letter. The sections presented here chart his later ... More


Why Quakers and Slavery? Why Not More Quakers?

J. William Frost

in Quakers and Abolition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038266
eISBN:
9780252096129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038266.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter considers the question of why, after the Quakers began directly addressing the problem of slavery in the 1670s, there was only one period, between 1758 and 1827, during which they ... More


1772–1773: George Walton's Accounts of Two Dreams

Michael J. Crawford

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden: The Quaker Struggle to Free Slaves in Revolutionary North Carolina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034706
eISBN:
9780813038346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034706.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

George Walton seems to have used dreams to help make or confirm life-altering decisions. Such a practice was characteristic of Quakers in particular in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth ... More


From Peace to Freedom

Brycchan Carey

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300180770
eISBN:
9780300182279
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180770.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This book investigates in detail the origins of antislavery thought and rhetoric within the Society of Friends. The book shows how the Quakers turned against slavery in the first half of the ... More


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